The most time consuming and painstaking operation for beekeepers is pumping honey from the combs. For this purpose, they use special units, called honey extractors. The purchase of this device in the store is quite real. But very often this is hampered either by the lack of financial opportunities or by a design that would completely suit the beekeeper. In this case, honey extractor with your own hands - perhaps the best option.
Homemade honey extractor is an essential part of the apiary inventory. With its help, due to centrifugal force, it is possible to pump honey out of honeycombs. For this purpose, with the help of a specially designed knife, the honeycombs are printed and inserted into special cassettes. Due to the rotational movement of the rotor, as seen in the video at the end of the article, honey is ejected onto the surface of the honey extractor's case. The honey obtained in this way gradually flows to the bottom, which has a conical shape, and then through the drain hole it enters a special container.
The design, regardless of the material used for its production, is almost always standard, which can be clearly seen in the video at the end of the article. There is an external capacity, an internal design for fastening of a honey framework and the drive. In direct proportion to how the printed cells are mounted, the separation of devices into radial and chordial ones is accepted. In the radial units cassettes are arranged radially from the center to the outer walls of the housing. And in chordial cells, they are fixed along chords of a circle, as shown in the video below.
Chord option Radial option
Chordial variant found the most common in Russia.
Wooden honey extractor
The whole structure is made of wood, of course, with the exception of metal axles, pulleys and bearings. Honey pumping in it occurs from two frames at the same time due to their rotation with a speed of about 400-700 rpm.
Externally, the honey extractor is a vertically located wooden drum, which has an octahedral shape. In the inner space of the drum, the rotor rotates, with frames attached to it. The homemade honey extractor consists of three parts. The cover (A) is removable, which allows you to easily install the frame. Detachable part B makes it very easy to remove the rotor, which is necessary to do in the process of washing the honey extractor.
Materials and tools
In order to make this unit will need the following materials:
- dry non-resinous otfugovannye boards with a thickness of 20 mm;
- wooden slats whose width is 40 mm, with a thickness of 10 mm;
- wooden bars section 30x50 mm;
- wooden bars with sides equal to 26 mm;
- aluminum plastics 20x40x3 mm.
In the manufacturing process you will need the following tools:
- mallet or hammer;
- set of chisels;
- hacksaw for wood;
- carpenter's ax;
- carpenter's corner.
Instructions for making
- For the manufacture of the apparatus, you can use wood of almost all species, which must meet two conditions: they must be well dried and non-resinous. Boards with the help of a jointer are aligned and brought to a size not exceeding 20 mm. For side walls that are also machined with a jointer, it is advisable to choose one solid board.
- Each part of the body around the perimeter must be sheathed twenty-millimeter boards, 190 mm wide. These boards should be arranged in such a way that their fibers are located across the perimeter. They are made somewhat longer than is required for plating in order to otbugovat them after fixing.
- With the help of plinths, which are used as slats having 40x10 mm, the lower parts of the cut-outs of parts A and B are sheathed. Bevels on the end walls of the case should be taken into account. In the lower part of the front wall B, a hole should be made through which honey will flow. Its size is not necessary to do more than 20x20 mm. For its closure a wooden cork is made.
We make a stand under the honey extractor
- In order to make a stand, wooden bars are used, the size of which should not be less than 30x50 mm.
- The legs are fastened to the bottom of the cube (in the drawing it is indicated by the letter B). To give greater stability to the structure, the legs are mounted at an angle.
- In addition, they are interconnected by means of crossbars.
- In order to give the structure a greater strength, it is necessary to lubricate the attachment points of the legs with wood glue. The length of the legs should be such that an enamelled bucket for collecting honey calmly rises under the drain hole.