In rabbit breeding, the chinchilla rabbit belongs to industrial breeds. In the countries of the former USSR, he received great popularity because of his fur, which was used for the manufacture of various products. But the meat of these animals has excellent taste. It contains a maximum of nutrients, easily absorbed by the body. Modern chinchillas gain 4.5-5 kg of weight in a short time. They are unpretentious to feed and conditions of detention, so grow them profitable.
The history of the origin of chinchilla rabbits
Thanks to meticulous breeding work in the late XIX-early XX century, animals were bred that had a beautiful skin resembling the fur of a South American chinchilla. It turned out larger individuals, but they had the same beautiful fur.
As a result of many years of work, the purebred chinchilla rabbit was introduced to the world at the Paris exhibition of farm animals in 1913. Over the next ten years, these animals have spread widely among European countries.
Their economic qualities are constantly trying to improve many breeders, crossing with other productive breeds. For example, English breeders tried to increase the mass of animals, crossing them with giant individuals. In the mid-1920s, scientists from a young Soviet country were also interested in unusual rabbits of the chinchilla breed.
Because of the poor adaptability of the rabbit to the local conditions, from the very beginning they tried to improve its quality. In 1927, as a result of the crossing of these animals with white giants, the Soviet chinchilla breed of rabbits was bred, which was distinguished by its larger size, weight, resistance to the adverse effects of the external environment.
The result of breeding work after mating with the best representatives of the species and enhanced feeding were animals with an average weight of 4-5 kg. The big chinchilla bred in the Soviet Union was officially registered in 1963. Since then, the breed has spread widely in different countries, due to its economic characteristics.
External signs and distinctive features of the breed
Rabbit breed Soviet chinchilla is usually medium or large size. The first varieties weigh about 2 kg, have a rounded head, ears of medium length, short graceful body.
The breed description of the Ushastik of the second type of constitution is distinguished by the following features. Large chinchilla rabbits have an elongated body up to 70 cm long, deep chest, round head and straight ears, breast volume 37-40 cm. They reach a weight of 5-6 kg. A strong skeleton, well-developed muscles, a straight line of the back, which passes into a rounded croup, characterize an adult representative of the species.
These animals have a gray-blue color and a soft thick skin, which is very elastic. In the area of the eyes and abdomen, the fur is lighter in color, and at the tips of the ears and tail there is dark.
Chinchillas are distinguished by their brown, gray or blue eyes. There are no other colors of this rabbit breed. A characteristic feature of the chinchilla is the presence of a special fat fold at the bottom of the chin.
Economic characteristic of chinchilla rabbits
In modern animal husbandry, the rabbit of the chinchilla breed has established itself well and has gained great popularity. It is profitable to grow, because the profitability of the content of this animal is high. Products obtained after the slaughter of an animal, pays for all the costs of its maintenance.
The most valued rabbit skin is chinchilla, which is the basis of the production of many fur products. It is characterized by excellent quality and looks very similar to the expensive fur of real animals under the same name.
The large chinchilla (rabbit) reaches its maximum size and sexual maturity at the age of 3.5 months. Therefore, the content of these animals pays off quickly.
Rabbit meat has excellent taste and is easily digested without causing any allergic reactions. It contains all the proteins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals necessary for the human body. At the same time, the rabbit carcass has practically no bones and tendons. Slaughter yield of meat products averages 58%. It is recommended to use for baby and dietary food.
Commercial interest is also breeding eared pets for breeding sale. The price of rabbits that have reached puberty can be 1000 rubles.
The advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Soviet chinchilla rabbits are considered a universal breed, which is beneficial to grow not only for the sake of valuable fur, but also dietary meat. These eared pets have the following advantages:
- high density, elasticity of wool gray color, which is consistently in demand for the manufacture of high-quality fur products;
- good adaptability to different conditions of detention;
- unpretentiousness to feed;
- quick weight gain up to 5 kg, a large amount of meat after slaughter.
With a strict observance of the rabbit feeding technology, good results can be obtained in these two areas. The most important disadvantages include a low percentage of slaughter meat, but this is offset by a large mass of the animal.
Compared with other representatives of popular European and domestic breeds, chinchilla rabbit has a relatively small offspring. Therefore, effective breeding is possible only in the presence of a significant number of females. If there are few of them, then they will not provide a large population.
Chinchilla Rabbit Species
The first representatives of the chinchilla rabbit breed appeared in 1919. Initially, their weight was 2-3 kg. After that, on their basis, breeders began to actively breed larger individuals.
The American chinchilla rabbit was created in 1924 and weighed about 5 kg. This animal has become very popular in the USA in a short time. It is grown because of meat and skins. In addition, these eared pets are smart and friendly-minded, so they are recommended for home maintenance.
The British chinchilla is older and larger than the Russian kind of their fellows. This giant species is distinguished by an elongated rounded body, straight ears, gray color with light hair around the eyes and the bottom of the body, weighing 6-7 kg. In addition, the wool of these animals can be black, white, opal.
Rabbits giant breed quickly gaining weight. Already by two months of life, they reach the performance of ordinary chinchillas. Females are distinguished by good fertility and can produce up to 10 calves. The characteristics of giants in terms of vitality and appearance are identical to the Russian breed.
Another species of chinchilla rabbits was bred in France in the period from 1919 to 1924. This rabbit is called chinchilla rex. It is characterized by short hair and an average body size. The length of his body reaches 50 cm, the chest girth is 33 cm, and the mass is not more than 5 kg.
Color Rex can be white, black, brown, high density wool. Animal meat has excellent taste, tenderness and juiciness. Their disadvantages are low fecundity and resilience. Read more in the article "Description of Rex rabbits".
Features breeding breed
The Soviet chinchilla rabbit is distinguished by an average level of fertility. The pregnancy of the female lasts 26-36 days, she leads an average of 6-7 pups. Milk rabbit completely enough to feed the whole brood of rabbits. Kids quickly gain weight and develop. They reach sexual maturity after 4 months of life. From this age they are ready for mating.
Breeding chinchilla rabbits at home is a lucrative business, since the skins and meat are in constant demand. Animals are kept in pits, cages, aviaries, pens. The main thing - to avoid drafts and direct sunlight.
The first mating of individuals is carried out in early spring. In industrial rabbit breeding, usually 2-3 patches are obtained from the female, after which the bunnies are slaughtered.
The basis for quality breeding is to acquire healthy animals with a good pedigree. When buying rabbits you need to carefully examine. They must be active, healthy, have good thick fur. It is important to pay attention to the age of individuals.
The quality of feed, optimal temperature, lack of moisture and drafts - the necessary conditions for breeding chinchilla rabbits.
Growing a rabbit big chinchilla
It is easy to keep and breed animals of this breed because of their resistance to adverse environmental conditions. On the other hand, in the summer they must be protected from overheating, direct sunlight, and in the winter from drafts and dampness.
In addition, the cultivation of large chinchilla rabbits requires compliance with the rules of care. It is important to maintain the purity inside the cells, to ensure a complete balanced feeding. Animals must have access to clean drinking water on an ongoing basis. At the same time in the cold season it is recommended to warm up slightly.
Large chinchilla rabbits are valued because of their fur, so they are recommended to be grown only inside the cells.
For feeding animals, it is recommended to use fresh grass, hay, combined feed, fresh vegetables, reverse, whey, meat and bone meal and fish meal. In addition, the diet of rabbits should be enriched with fruits containing a maximum of vitamins and minerals. It is advisable to give branches of fruit trees, aspen, birch.
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