The most beautiful breeds of meat in rabbit breeding are Viennese blue rabbits. Covered with amazing fur with a fabulous bluish-blue tint, gleaming with bluish eyes, these restless eared crowns conquered the hearts of many breeders. How and when the representatives of this breed were first bred, what are their characteristics and what types exist today, learn from our review.
How did the breed
More than a hundred years ago, in Austria, by crossing the Moravian blue giant with the Belgian giant flanland, the famous breeder Johann Konstantin Schulz bred a new breed - the Vienna blue rabbit.
The task of the experimenter was to create a highly productive meat-skin appearance. After the first show in 1895, at the turn of the XIX-XX centuries, the new genus of eared improved and spread to the territory of the nearest European states.
Owners of amazing gray-blue fur were brought to our country only in the second half of the last century. Soviet breeders were able to significantly improve the performance of Austrian eared. The color of the wool was brought to dark, which is of much greater value in the market, and the weight of adult rabbits became at the level of 5-7 kg.
The appearance of the Viennese blue rabbits
Let us consider the description of the breed in more detail - visual distinctive features and temperament.
Externally, the modern rabbit of the Viennese blue breed only vaguely resembles the Belgian flandre, its progenitor. The body size of bluish Austrians is much smaller, it reaches only 50-55 cm. The average mass of an adult individual is 4.5-5 kg. But the general constitution, indeed, resembles an ancestor - wide, up to 36-38 cm chest; dense, muscular back. The head is small, the ears are of medium length, about 12-16 cm. Rabbits differ in a pronounced under-breast area and a more rounded body.
The eyes of purebred Austrians are deep blue with light gray languishing.
Fur is the main advantage of the appearance of these rabbits. The coat color of representatives of the breed is noble smoky gray, even steel, with a noticeable bluish tint.
Saturation and depth of color appears only after repeated molting, the second in a row. The density of hairs - 21 thousand per 1 square. see Elderly rabbits may be interspersed with "gray hair" - this fact can be considered a disadvantage of the breed.
Features of the Vienna Blue rabbits
Representatives of the breed Vienna blue rabbit can live in different climatic conditions. On the territory of our country, the central zone of Russia is most favorable for them.
In the presence of well-maintained cells and good nutrition, eared ears quickly gain weight. Having been born weighing 70 grams and gaining about 2 kg in a couple of months, by the end of the fourth month of life, the little rabbit reaches about 70% of the weight of an adult.
On average, the life of a Viennese rabbit lasts 5-7 years. There are cases of representatives of the breed age 10-12 years. Rabbits are very beautiful and unpretentious in content, so they can be purchased simply as pets.
In the cattle-breeding farm, the breed fell in love with early maturity, good slaughter rates - 55-60% and favorable cost. Skins also have value because of their unusual color and large size.
The distinctive features of temperament
For all their outwardly unpretentiousness, the Viennese blue rabbits react quite vividly to negligence or a rude attitude towards them. This is perhaps the only drawback.
In a good mood, animals usually show obedience and a calm disposition, allow themselves to be stroked, playful, keenly interested in everything new. These breed qualities are often the main reason why a rabbit is taken to the house as a pet.
Such an emotional feature is negative. The Viennese blue eared mouse can easily “escape into itself” from a rude and even indifferent attitude towards itself or after sharp cries in its address. They can react to the offense caused by aggression, become overly shy and reticent, not wanting to explore new things, avoiding human hands.
Possessing a non-stress-resistant character, rabbits with bluish skin are also quite demanding on the quality of food. From stale food refuse, also expressing discontent with the offended pose.
To increase the productivity of the rabbit breeders, it will be necessary to provide the livestock with a complete, high-quality and only fresh food.
With all the unpretentiousness to food, Viennese blue expect diversity in the diet. Therefore, make sure that the rabbits, in addition to the combined feeders, have fresh juicy and green food, as well as coarse food.
To provide animals with essential nutrients, green plants are used as feeds:
- young shoots of raspberry;
- wheat grass and other herbs.
Green food fills the body of rabbits with essential minerals.
Rough inclusions in food give cellulose, useful vitamins and minerals. Use as a rough shoots and bark of acacia, apple, linden, maple, willow, pine. In the winter - hay and straw.
In winter, it is preferable to combined feed, cereal bran, various cake, you can moisten them with whole cow's milk or whey.
In addition to constant access to fresh, not moldy food, you need to monitor the filling of the drinkers. Water must also be always clean.
Reproductive features of the breed
The Vienna rabbit is highly fertile, it always has a lot of milk, so she manages to feed the whole brood completely. For one okol the female brings 8-9 babies approximately 70-72 g in weight. Characteristics of individuals of this breed allows to bear offspring in the cold season - rabbits can be born at the beginning of winter.
From many other breeds, the Vienna Blue rabbit is distinguished by the good maternal qualities of rabbits. Their survival rate is very high, even if the animals are kept in a cold climate. The female willingly feeds the young.
But the appetites of newborns are great, so sometimes it happens that there is not enough milk. In this case, you can add a part of the rabbit to another mother, who had less prolific okrol. For rabbits in rabbits also reverent attitude, as to their own kids.
Blue-eyed eared Austrians adapted well to Russian weather conditions. Therefore, you can keep them in rabbitks, suitable and external cells or sheds.
The most advantageous option - the outer cells. They can be arranged directly in the open air, having equipped with a canopy, thus protecting livestock from precipitation and direct sunlight. To improve the quality of the skins of Viennese blue rabbits, it is more favorable to keep them in cold conditions.
But keep in mind that in the winter open street cages can be a factor in the death of livestock. In a region with low winter temperatures, do not leave the big-eared outside - move them into a room, even if unheated.
During the period of pregnancy and feeding of newborns, females need to be relocated to more comfortable conditions. Best of all rabbit will feel in a closed room, protected from drafts.
Separate sick individuals from the entire herd by placing them in cages one by one.
Varieties of breed Viennese blue
The Viennese blue rabbit has "brothers" in the breed. Through the efforts of past century breeders, Viennese rabbits of a different color were bred. Black Viennese and white Viennese rabbits are a variation of the Viennese blue. They differ from each other in coat color. It is not blue, but black and white, respectively.
The quality of these two types of Austrian is not very different from their progenitor. The main attention of rabbit breeders is usually riveted to the color of the skin. However, there are other, not very significant differences.
The black Viennese rabbit reaches the mature stage 1-1.5 months earlier - by five months the female is ready to produce offspring, males a little later.
The average weight of an adult black Viennese rabbit is slightly larger than its blue ancestor. Numerical indicators range from 4.5 to 5.5 kg.
White Viennese - opposite. The size and weight is inferior to its blue fellow. Its average weight is about 3-4.5 kg. The lifespan of the snow-white handsome is about 5-7 years.
Meet other eared colors in the article "Colored dwarf rabbits."
Write in the comments with which of the three different genera of the Viennese rabbit you met, which you grew up on your farm.
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