Many beekeepers in our country know or have heard that they love honey very much in Japan. Moreover, beekeepers of the Land of the Rising Sun collect a rather large crop of bee products. On this, of course, they have their own secrets, but something has already reached us, in particular, the Japanese hive. What are its features, as well as design, let's understand together. Drawings and videos also help to do it yourself.
The main feature, as they say numerous reviews, is its simplicity and practicality. If you are still unfamiliar with its design, of course, at first it will seem unusual to you. Let's say that in appearance it reminds us of our decks. The Japanese hive consists of several bodies, which have an internal diameter of approximately 30 cm. The height of each body is from 10 to 20 centimeters.
The hive of Japanese beekeepers has one important distinguishing feature - it has absolutely no frame.
How to work with such evidence, and how honeycombs are placed with honey? This question, probably, is also ripe for you. So, inside the hive there are special crosses, as can be seen in the video and drawings. Here on these crosses, which serve as fixers, are the cells. Also, the Japanese hive has only one entry point - below.
It is convenient to work with a similar construction, as in the usual for us evidence, shells are also put here. If there are large honey plants near the apiary, the bees are able to rebuild up to 8 buildings during the bribe time. Filled with honey, it can weigh about 15 kilograms. In the spring, when supplying families, the nests are rebuilt from top to bottom. Therefore, the finished cellular housing can always be easily removed.
For the winter, bees should be left with such a number of buildings so that the height of their nest inside is at least 40 centimeters. It is in this size that there is enough honey to feed the family.
Are you interested in Japanese evidence, and you already want to have it in your apiary? To do this, it is not necessary to go to Japan, but you can easily make a design with your own hands. Of course, this will help you our drawings and videos. The most time-consuming process in the manufacture of this evidence can be a cross. But you can quickly cope with it, having at hand the necessary materials and tools.
Tools and materials
- wood for the manufacture of shells, preferably dense rocks;
- wire or wooden slats for making crosses;
- file, knife;
- nails and screws;
- hammer or screwdriver.
- So, first we need to have on hand a suitable drawing of the case. You can find it in our photo gallery.
- From wooden boards we make cases with sizes of 30 by 20 centimeters. At the same time, you can choose the thickness of the boards individually, taking into account the climatic conditions of your region.
- We connect all parts of the case with nails or screws. We do the rest of the body.
- We turn to the manufacture of crosses. It can be cut from wooden slats or from steel wire.
- As you can see, everything is quite simple and the minimum number of measurements, which simplifies the work. Exact drawing is needed only to coordinate all the details among themselves.
- As for the roof, it can also be done on your own. See the photos and videos for the finished versions of the hive.
Of course, before you start using or making such a hive, every beekeeper wants to know the opinion of colleagues. The question is especially important - how does the Japanese beekeeping technology fit our “Russian” conditions? As they say, exotic technology that has already experienced in their apiaries, it has quite successfully taken root and is used in our country. Moreover, many say that with the Japanese hive they managed to harvest an even greater harvest of honey than with the usual Dadanas or sun beds.
Many, on the basis of practice, see the Japanese evidence as a simplified version of the Varre design. Such a hive takes very little time in work and the whole thing boils down only to the timely substitution of new buildings. The harvest is obtained in the usual way with the help of honey extractors or the press; therefore, there will be no difficulties for the poet. In addition, they say beekeepers that such evidence looks beautiful, therefore, an unusual apiary stands out among the rest.