Hive Varre is particularly popular today in the ranks of beekeepers. Its design is convenient to use and guarantees the existence of bees, close to natural conditions, when they settle in the hollows and decks. The design of Abbot Warre, in whose honor she was named, has many advantages over similar houses for bees. Let's learn about all of them together.
The main thing in the construction of the Varre hive, as already mentioned, the living conditions of the bees are similar to the natural ones, in order to facilitate the life of the beekeeper. Even if the bribes will be less than that of the framework hives, this is doubly compensated by the low expenditure of money and labor. The hive by Varre has two main features:
- in its construction, as shown in the attached video, frames are not involved; instead, the beekeepers use only planochka anointed with wax, they set the direction for the formation of honeycombs by bees;
- There is no need to look into the evidence of Varre on a weekly basis, as is done in Dadan’s usual hives. On the contrary, beehives will now worry much less often, and the bees will spend much less effort to restore order in their home after a human visit. In the Beehives of Varre, the bees do everything themselves, our task is to keep an eye on whether they are wearing pollen or not.
The table details the requirements for the manufacture and assembly of each part of the hive. Using the recommendations from the table and examining the video, you can easily assemble the construction of Varre with your own hands. Also from this table you can find out how this construction looks in more detail.
|Housing||It is made in the form of a simple box, equipped with 8 rulers. The distance between the rulers should be 12 mm. Assembling the body, as can be seen from the video, make sure that the board is connected directly at the joints.|
|Pens||Abbot Warre himself did not establish the exact dimensions of the handle, he believed that this moment was not very important when assembling the hive. We consider the following size to be the most optimal: 300 × 20 × 20 mm. They need to be well glued and fixed by 3 nails. The upper side of the handles need to mow. This feature of the handle will allow water to run off when it rains without dissolving damp in the hive.|
|Liner||We recommend to make the liner 5 mm smaller than the body itself. This factor will simplify your work as a beekeeper, thanks to which the hive cover can be easily removed, and at the same time it will not cling to the liner. The size of the gap can be increased up to 10 mm. Cover should be filled with loose material, such as straw, wood shavings, or other similar fillers. The bottom, as shown in the video, we recommend to beat the very dense fabric, so that the components in the podryshnnik not crumbled.|
|Roof||It is necessary to make ventilation under the roof top part. To do this, collecting the roof you need to make three wooden parts: two identical covers and a narrow timber. The timber at the end will connect the first two parts, lying down on them and thereby forming a ventilation opening. The board for the roof needs to be cut 20 mm thick. Let's emphasize that the roof parts are thinner, the easier it will weigh. Again, to prevent excess moisture from getting onto the beehive, we recommend, as shown in the video, to place the edges of the roof below the upper edges of the liner.|
|Bottom||The thickness of the bottom part must be equal to 20 mm. Make the bottom 2mm smaller on all four sides of the hive body. This will ensure that the water is completely wrapped without delay at the joints of the bottom part.|
It must be said right away that it will be easier to swarm for a beginner beekeeper to colonize bees in this hive. But in the case when it is difficult to get a swarm of bees, the method from the experienced beekeeper Pavel Kashin is useful:
- At the beginning of the beekeeping season, usually at the end of April and beginning of May, several bee colonies should be acquired in the most common hives today, for example, the hives of Dadan. Note that you should buy bees already planted in a hive.
- Bring the beehive with the bees into the territory of your apiary and wait for them to start gathering in swarms. The first departing swarm you need to catch and move into your evidence Varre. When the second swarm takes off, it must be caught and at this time it is necessary to replace the hive of Abad Varre, which is new to the bees, in the place of the hive of Dadan, where this swarm will go.
In addition to the already resettled bees, you need to take care of all the others living in the hive of Dadan. All of them need to gently shake the new hive. And the printed brood of bees, as advised by Kashin, must be substituted in one of the Dadan hives, which must remain in your apiary.Relocation of shoulders in varre
This method will be easy to implement for those who have already had experience with bees. For those who only begin to engage in the craft, it will probably be difficult to perform. The newcomer will need to be able to quickly navigate in new situations - the transportation of shoulders, their swarming and settlement. This method of settling bees in their new home is very beneficial to the beekeeper. Instead of one swarm, you will get two for the same amount.
But it is suitable only for those beekeepers who constantly live in their apiary, or near it. The moment of departure of the swarm from the hive is unpredictable, and therefore during the swarming of bees you need to constantly be in the apiary.
For several decades Abbot Warre worked with various designs of hives, wanting to dwell on the most practical and comfortable for bees. On the territory of his apiary 350 hives of various types were installed, at least 10-12 copies of each design. The design of the hive we are discussing was identified by Varre as the best, based on the following advantages:
- convenience for its inhabitants - bees;
- ease of handling bees;
- ease of visual control of a colony of bees;
- convenient process of collecting honey;
- small cash costs for collecting the hive and its maintenance.
Listing the advantages of this type of hive, it must be said about its shortcomings, which are significant:
- like all hives with a lower spacing, the hive of the Abbot Warre makes the house for bees the appearance of the mite Varroa. Initially, this feature of the hive was considered a great advantage. This technology was implemented in the design in order to increase the yield of the immature part of the honey with a high water content, which the bees do not cope with. In addition, the location of the lower entrance does not allow ticks to get rid of bees. The mites discharged to the bottom of the structure are again picked up by the bees upon departure and arrival from a similar hive.
- The main task of the beekeeper is to provide the bees with the most comfortable housing - with a warm hive and fresh air under the nest. This is not provided for in the hives of Abbot Warre. They are often damp, and this guarantees the development of diseases not only in individual structures, but also in the whole apiary, and maybe in neighboring ones. A swarm of bees constantly emit moisture, so ventilation should work better than provided by the basic design of the Varre hive.
Studying the comments of beekeepers, we stumbled upon a large number of opinions about the savings of money that go to the maintenance of hives. In particular, many apiary owners are captivated by choosing the design of hives for their bees, that by resorting to the Varre variant, you will not need to buy frames, wire, foundation and other materials, usually necessary in hives. They are satisfied with the simplicity that is provided only by wax sticks.
But there are also beekeepers who agree on the opinion that the PR campaign, supported by the film and the actively distributed book from Varre, is aimed at stupid people who are led to colorful pictures and stories without having studied such hives in practice. Some beekeepers complain of increased dampness in the hives, and there are those in whom the bees are sick because of their neighbor, who is negligent in his apiary. The rest of any special comments were noted.
Photo GalleryPhoto 1. Drawing of the collected evidencePhoto 2. Drawing of all parts of the roofPhoto 3. Three different evidence of Varre
This video shows the internal design of the Varre hive.
Does the construction of evidence Varre framework?Poll
- I do not know