Rabbits of the Rex breed (translated from Latin as “king”) gained worldwide fame thanks to the amazing fur. It is compared to plush or velvet. It is such a look and feel. A special mutating gene in the animal gave a similar result. Often the “fur coat” of these animals is confused with chinchilla fur, and only specialists can find differences. Rabbits are popular in the meat-skin direction and as pets.
Back in 1919, a rabbit with interesting, unusual fur first appeared in France. Animal breeding involved the priest. It was he who gave them such a royal name - Rex.
Rex rabbit fur is really unusual and worthy of kings. It can be compared with velor, velvet or plush. That is why breeding breed began to take large-scale sizes.
In the course of breeding work, a mutating gene was observed that gave such a rabbit appearance. Animal breeding was in full swing and already in 1924 in France a new species was shown at the exhibition.
In 1925, the Rex rabbit breed was granted official status. After that, it began to spread to other countries - America, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Germany.
By cunning genetic manipulation of the Rex breed was in the USSR. Rabbits were exported from Germany, but not in their natural form, otherwise they would not have been missed, because the animals are pedigree. Kings crossed with ordinary individuals. The resulting offspring, which was not considered pedigree, was allowed to be transported across the border.
Later in the course of further scientific rebuilding with genes, Rex was able to recreate in their purebred form.
Standard rexes (sometimes written - rex) are large rabbits. Their weight ranges from 3 to 4.5 kg. They are plump, but not too heavy, because they have light bones. In England there are smaller individuals up to 3.5 kg, and they are considered dwarf.
Description of the breed and structure of rabbits:
- delicate bones give elegance;
- an elongated head is characteristic of females, and in males it is wider;
- paws are strong, but not long, rather, compact;
- ears stand out because straight and high;
- torso length reaches 54 cm;
- whiskers are short and may look underdeveloped or curved;
- the fur is not long, dense, to the touch, like a plush, the length of wool is about 1.25 cm.
Rex rabbits should not weigh less than 3.5 kg and not more than 5.5 kg. Also, drooping ears and fallen fur are unacceptable. This is already a lack of breed.
However, there are decorative types of mini Rex rabbits that are miniature. They have a weight from 1.2 kg to 1.4 kg. At the same time, the length of the ears reaches 55 mm. This standard of dwarfism was adopted in 1997.
Rex have an interesting feature. Their appearance, that is, the characteristic features, do not appear in individuals of the first generation if this pedigree rabbit was crossed with a normal one.
We will tell about what characteristics the Rex fur has. His comparison with velvet or plush is the most important difference, which was mentioned more than once. The animal's coat is soft and shiny.
The main secret of such a texture is that the main and guard hairs of the same length, about 2 cm. At the same time, the fluff also practically reaches this size. That is, the fur coat of the animal is uniform, without longlining, when the undercoat is shorter and the coat is longer.
The mutant gene provokes the growth of hair vertically, and not with a slope. The beast called Rex Rabbit can have up to 20 colors according to the standard. They distinguish the main group, which includes white, blue, purple, chocolate, speckled, black colors and agouti.
Mini rexes are also varied in colors. There are red, brown, white and even spotted individuals. Their fur to the touch is the same as that of the standard rabbit of this breed.
The work of breeders has given the world other incredible shades of shit, which will be discussed below.
Imitation of valuable fur
There are several variants of color that are similar to more valuable fur. For example, “marder” is practically a copy of marten fur. The dwarf Rex rabbit can also be this shade. The first is bred just for getting skins, and the second, as a decorative pet with an unusual color.
Rex "castor" is a poured beaver, which is what the translation of the name from the Greek language says. Color imitates the skin of this animal. This species is quite popular among mini-rabbits.
The third option - Rex rabbits under the "chinchilla." The skin of this animal is valued very highly. Rabbits of this breed imitate expensive raw materials in the most qualitative way. For example, other rabbit chinchilla species reflect it less well. All the details in the article "Chinchilla rabbits".
All other colors of the Rex rabbits, if they do not imitate the skin of any other animals, they can look very intricate and original.
Rabbits of this breed are raised mainly for skins or meat, and these products are not cheap at all. That's because animals have a low fertility rate. Because of it, the value of raw materials greatly increases.
Representatives of this breed of rabbits are considered smart. They are trained to the tray and trained. The little rabbits take good care of their young and even take on other rabbits. Decorative individuals may well be kept in the apartment, but the owners need to take into account their physical activity. Even meter-long obstacles are subject to hares, which they easily jump over.
All valuable things should be hidden from rabbits, otherwise there is a risk that they will be bitten or broken. This applies to both mini animals and standard individuals. In general, krols are benevolent, livable, and good to the company of people and other animals.
However, the breed has drawbacks. First of all, as already mentioned, low fecundity. Next - rabbits require very high quality care. If this is not respected, especially in the case of the young, there is a risk of mortality.
It is necessary to acquire babies when they have already turned 1 month old. It is deadly for the newborn baby rabbits to drastically change the mother's milk for regular food.
The Rex rabbit does not tolerate air temperatures above 25 degrees, but it is not afraid of frosts up to 20 degrees below zero. In addition, animals are shy and absolutely not resistant to stress.
Purebred males and females
In order for a rabbit farm to have only purebred individuals, breeding must begin with the purchase of quality producing rabbits. Due to the low fecundity of females, the cost of animals will be high. Rabbit for one okrol brings only 5-6 rabbits.
Choosing a rabbit you need to pay attention to its appearance. It must meet the standards. At the same time, the nose is dry, the ears and tail are clean, and the eyes are shiny.
Separate curly hair should not be visible in the coat. Wavy hairs can be only on the back of the head or abdomen. In general, the animal can be seen that it is healthy, well-fed and active.
When the young are already 30 to 45 days old, they can be taken away from their mother. At this age, they experience less stress due to food change and weaning.
You can not breed animals that have anomalies in the skeleton. Individuals with long fur are also rejected. It should be uniform, soft, and not stuck together or rolled. It is categorically not acceptable rare wool with hairline. Falling ears are a clear departure.
Pregnancy last 30 days. Rabbits give birth most often in the autumn, and sometimes in the winter. This usually happens at night or in the morning. The young female may need the help of a man. Especially if it is her first, then the nest may not be ready. The farmer or the landlord must take care of the young stock and place it in the box. The whole circle usually lasts up to 1 hour.
The milk of the females appears immediately, and they calmly feed the offspring. More adult bunnies prepare the nest in advance and are already settling there with the cubs, covering them with their furry body. However, in winter, in order to keep the cage warm, a lamp is hung above it.
Rabbits do not grow too fast. By 4 months they weigh only 2.3 kg. If the female does not have milk, then artificial feeding is established. Suitable infant formula, which is fed for three weeks (1 time per day). After that enter vegetable food. This usually happens when the young change their teeth.
After weaning rabbits from their mother (by about 45 days), they need to increase the amount of food they started feeding. It is advisable to leave the animals in the cage where they were born.
Breeding rabbits should not be carried out where there is high humidity, dampness, dust. The ideal air temperature is + 18 + 20 degrees.
For the rabbit, a cage for one individual is equipped, and an additional container (box) for offspring is attached to it. In general, a single cage is required for each adult. There should be a drinking bowl (fresh water is required in abundance), a feeding trough, a tray and a door.
Cages should not be with mesh floors, as rabbits of such species are prone to Pododermatitis. But the material is needed such that the crap will not gnaw. It is best to make the surface of the slats and provide a straw bedding.
If the decorative rabbit lives in the apartment, then the cage should be spacious and comfortable. Well suited soft houses for pets. In any case, animal habitats should be cleaned and disinfected in a timely manner. In the barn it can be done with a solution of lime.
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