Menu broiler chickens: what and how to feed?

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In order for broilers to grow quickly and develop correctly, they, like no one else, need a balanced diet. There is nothing supernatural, just need to figure out what to feed the broilers and observe the regime.

Today, among many owners of broilers, there is an opinion that the bird is extremely difficult to grow on natural conventional feed (grain, fodder, mixed fodder). It is believed that various hormonal supplements and antibiotics should be added to their diet. The fact that broilers are more susceptible to various diseases and more sensitive than chickens, for example, ordinary village hens is true. But you can grow them healthy and strong on the usual "village" feed. Just a few things to know.

It is possible to feed broiler chickens in two ways: by purchasing special compound feeds developed according to the age system, and also by common grain with vitamin and mineral supplements. Such feed are divided into three groups:

  1. Starter - is the primary feed for growing chickens, which contains an increased amount of protein (building material). This mixture is used from the time the chicks hatch.
  2. Fattening is a growth diet for poultry, which ensures maximum accumulation of muscle tissue. Also, it contributes to the formation and physiological maturation of chicken protein tissue.
  3. Finishing - feed designed to feed adult broilers. This mixture already contains a small amount of protein, but there are many vitamins and minerals.

The second method is more acceptable, since not everyone can afford to constantly buy expensive production mixtures. And it is quite uneconomical. So, we will consider the usual way of how to feed the birds. The main condition here is balance. Unlike regular chicken, broilers require a lot of proteins, fats, carbohydrates and vitamins in addition to grains, herbs and various additives.

How to feed

So, you have broiler chickens, now all attention should be focused on their food. Not only the health of the bird, but also its life will depend on it. Remember - broilers are extremely susceptible to changes in food and its quality.

Mode

As we have said, balance is the main condition for feeding birds, but its quantity is also important. So, broilers are fed plenty plenty:

  1. In the first week - 8 times;
  2. The second - 6 times;
  3. The third - 4 times;
  4. From a month - 2 times in the morning and in the evening.

When what to give?

  • In the first days you can use the same menu as for ordinary egg-type chickens - millet, oatmeal, eggs, ground cornmeal, wheat and oats. All grain grinding should be carefully sifted so that films and debris do not come across. This feed should be approximately 65% ​​of the total weight of the diet. The rest is green (starting at 3 days old).
  • After 5 days of age, babies can begin to give grass meal 2-3 grams per day. Then gradually this rate can be increased to 5 grams.

  • After 10 days, the chickens must add to the menu fish and slaughterhouse waste. First, 5 grams, then 10-15 grams per chicken per day. Protein food is very necessary for growth, but for now it should be given only of plant origin. For example, peanut, sunflower or soybean meal.
  • Starting at the age of twenty the menu should be further diversified. Now about 15% of the grain mixture can be replaced with boiled potatoes. It is very important to add protein to the diet, for example, dairy products - cottage cheese, whey or kefir, yogurt.
  • The second period of life is less demanding in terms of nutrition. At this time, the basis of the diet should be grain mixes, as well as a large number of juicy feed. Grass, herbal cutting, grated vegetables, potatoes are all sources of essential vitamins. But the dose of animal products, vegetable with high protein composition should be reduced to a minimum.

Approximately 2-2.5 months chickens should weigh about 3 kilograms. With the right feed, this is not difficult to achieve without special additives and supplements.

What can I give?

Many owners write that their broiler chickens eat like piglets - everything. Like, give them all the waste from the table. But this is far from correct, because often the food from the table does not benefit the chickens. If, for example, you can give the remaining porridge - this is yes, but what else - let's look in more detail.

Vegetables

Vegetables are an excellent source of extra fiber and vitamins for broilers. Carrots are especially important for chickens. It should be introduced into the mash from the age of 5 days in a ground form. Approximately 5 grams per individual. Beets and cabbage are also useful, they can be given in a raw, crushed form. But the potatoes are only boiled and crumpled.

Vitamins

The body of broilers is extremely susceptible to a lack of vitamins. Therefore, babies for good development are constantly given special vitamin supplements or the so-called trivitamin. For example, from the 5th day, vitamin A and E should be introduced into the feed. Then, an oil solution with vitamin A, E and D2 is usually prepared. To do this, add 10 ml of each vitamin to half a liter of vegetable oil. This mixture should be stored in the refrigerator and given twice a week, a teaspoon per 1 kg of feed.

Grass and greens

Another important point in the broiler diet is greens. It should be every day. If the kids grow in winter, when there is not a lot of grass, then add green germinated grain.

Mineral Supplements

Chalk, crushed shell, bone meal - it is also necessary for the growth of birds. They are given by 3 grams of one individual from the fifth day of life. Also, from the first week of life, fine gravel (3-5 mm) should be poured into a separate trough. Such an additive helps to digest food, especially grain, enhances motility. However, you can not give sand.

If you do not have the opportunity to extract gravel or shell, then buy a mineral supplement for chickens in a specialized shop. It will also help your kids grow well.

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