Spring feeding of bees is a rather important procedure that plays a huge role in the life of insects. It not only affects the health of these beneficial insects, but is also directly related to the quality of honey, its quantity and overall productivity. What are the types of dressings and how to carry out this action correctly, we will describe later in the article.
When should you start?
Domestic beekeeping has long been convinced of the benefits of early feeding. The question of when it should start, especially worried about newcomers in this business. Many experienced beekeepers advise you to feed insects in early spring, for example, in March or early April.
This process actually coincides with a cleansing or first overflight in the spring. During this process, insects are fed with sweet, tasty food, for example, sugar syrup or honey. There are also various other formulations for feeding the bees that anyone can cook. We will tell about them further.
What and how to feed the family?
In the spring, especially early, bee colonies need a good nutrient substance, such as honey or syrup. Candi is also used, but this sweet mass cannot be compared with syrup in properties.
The fact is that different types of dressings affect bees and their natural functions in different ways. When insects eat syrup, reproductive abilities are activated.
Feeding with another type of supplement - well-fed - honey-diluted in water, is also considered very effective, but undeservedly forgotten in many regions, by spring-feeding. The specificity of this honey liquid is such that it is after its use that the forage reserves of striped workers are replenished, and the family fully functions further. As you can see, feeding of bees in the spring period also differs by its properties depending on the subspecies.
When your winged pets need to increase their “working capacity” or, to put it simply, increase their productivity, it is recommended protein feed. Recommendations for its preparation are very different, but various combinations of honey, pollen and soy flour are most popular. Also, cow's milk can be used as a protein component. If the mixture contains pollen, it should be at least 15% of the total weight of the finished feed product.
Make such a nutritional mass is easy. One example of preparation: take soy flour (defatted) and add pollen (3 parts flour and 1 part pollen). All this is kneaded with sugar syrup to the dough condition. Outwardly, the mass will be somewhat similar to Candy, but the effect on the bees will be slightly different.
Little is currently mentioned about it. It is believed that fed (honey + water in different concentrations) is not economically quite profitable, as it costs more than, for example, sugar syrup. However, its effect on the bees is very favorable, from the use of such food in insects increases immunity. Honey fed stimulates various functions, depending on its concentration.
Syta is thick, medium thick and liquid. When a thick mass is used, it first of all goes to feed stocks, their replacement. The product of medium density performs an incentive function, and a full liquid consistency is perfect for sprinkling bees from different families. So they better get used to each other and become friendlier.
Folk beekeeping recommends feeding insects with sugar syrup. When such a procedure is carried out, a simple syrup is prepared only from sugar and water. The ratio is approximately the following: one and a half liters of water and one and a half kilograms of sugar, that is, 1: 1. In comparison with the same Candy or honey fed economically, such feeding is more profitable. In addition, it is easy to cook.
Feeding bees with sugar solution is also carried out when there is little honey in the hive or it is not possible to make it full.
Compared with syrup, as some beekeepers believe, Candy loses slightly. However, the bees have their own opinion, especially when it comes to large apiaries with a large number of families. Kandy is a honey-sugar mass or dough, and is considered beneficial from the point of view of health for insects. Syrup, for example, activates the search for external sources of food, and honey candi improves the general condition of the insect, its performance, and immunity.
Feeding with a dough like Candi is also very simple. The mass is not crushed, and put a piece (250-300 grams) on top of the frame in the hive. However, there is a nuance: for mixing, they take not sugar, but powder from it! Only in this way your mass will not harden and will be available for bees. On 1 liter of water take 19 liters of honey and 80 kg of powder (this, if we talk about large apiaries). At home, proportions are reduced according to the desired final yield.
Top dressing with honey
Traditional beekeeping recommends on a par with other methods to carry out and feeding with honey (see video). When the beekeeper does not have the desire to make syrup or candi and there is a sufficient amount of honey mass, the bees provide with it. Honey can be fed not only in spring but also in winter.
Frames (sealed) from the same hive are commonly used, they are printed out and placed second at the edges of the evidence. It is also possible to use a special feeder, a regular can (placed next to the evidence) or a bay in a cell.
Stimulating or motivating
This is the name of a special feeding, which makes the bees actively reproduce, and the queens lay eggs. This is a classic kind of additional feeding of workers in the spring, because of its simplicity, he was very fond of beekeepers.
Early stimuli feeding begin about seven weeks before the first bribe (that is, before the first flowering and the collection of nectar and pollen). Usually, no complicated mixtures are invented, and syrup is perfect. However, in the USA, for example, this kind of “help” to bees is no longer used, it is believed that insects will do a good job of reproducing themselves.