Interested in raising, breeding and housing rabbits? Then you need to know how to protect the big-eared from sudden death! The most reliable way to be in the form of vaccination in rabbits.
What and at what age are needed?
Vaccinating rabbits need to start doing after they have completed a month and a half, but this is not always true. Mandatory vaccination against diseases such as viral hemorrhagic disease (short name for AHD) and myxomatosis. Also in exceptional cases, if you are keeping or breeding ornamental rocks, you will need a rabies vaccination.
Individuals aged one and a half months are subject to the disease. It causes hemorrhages and congestion in the lungs and liver. The disease proceeds very quickly, and the incubation period lasts 72 hours. Symptoms include refusal to eat, miscarriages in pregnant females, discharge of mucus from the nose, and fever in the animal. Such symptoms are common and inherent in a number of other diseases, so it’s not always possible to identify ailments and prevent eared death.
VGBK one of the worst enemies eared at their breeding and rearing. The best method of control is considered to be vaccination of animals. Buy a vaccine in any veterinary pharmacy, it is a pink or colorless suspension with a grayish sediment. The release form - bottles on 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 centimeters of cubic. Before use, the drug must be shaken. Rabbit is administered intramuscularly in the middle third of the thigh, except for nursing females.
It is necessary to start vaccinating your eared pets at 1.5 months, the dose per individual is 0.5 cm cube. A shot is given against VGBK only to healthy rabbits. If the animals you are breeding died within four days after vaccination, this means that they were already infected with a virus. The life of antibodies in an eared organism is about 12 months. Rabbits get immunity with the milk of the female, but only when feeding.
This is a terrible purulent viral disease in rabbits. It affects mucous membranes, genitals, digestive tract, etc. Mortality is 70-100% of infected individuals. Symptoms include the formation of conjunctivitis, swelling and swelling, wheezing, coughing and various nodules. The disease is practically not treated, so vaccination is considered the only correct way to combat myxomatosis.
The vaccine is a neutralized strain of Mixioma virus with an embedded protective environment. Available in the form of a dry slightly yellowish porous mass. Packaging is different, from 0.5 cm cube. up to 10 cm cubic, it all depends on the type of packaging (ampoule or vial). Begin to be vaccinated at the age of 28 days. Females can be given shots during any period of pregnancy, but not during the feeding period. Three months after the first vaccination, it is desirable to do revaccination.
You can prick the crawls both intramuscularly and intracutaneously. In the first case, the vaccine is diluted 1/1 with a solvent and pricked in a dose of 1 ml. In the second variant, it dissolves with saline and is pricked with a special injector in the upper third of the ear. The duration of the drug is 9 months.
The associated (complex) vaccine contains antibodies against UHD and myxomatosis. Among those involved in the maintenance and breeding of rabbits, is considered the most optimal.
Distributed in the form of a porous dry mass, which can be pinkish and brownish. Packaging is also different. Prick rabbits with an associated vaccine is possible at the age when they will be a month and a half.
The drug can be administered in three ways: intramuscularly, intracutaneously and subcutaneously. Nursing females is not recommended to prick, but pregnant females can be at any time. If vaccination was carried out for the first time, then after three months revaccination should be carried out. You can prick only completely healthy rabbits.
It is optional, as rabbit rabies is sick very rarely. It is categorically not recommended to make it to meat breeds, it also applies to nursing females. But those who are engaged in decorative rocks should prudently do it, especially if they travel a lot and take pets with them. The fact is that if in the passport of the animal there is no mark about getting an injection from rabies, then after you they will not be allowed into any plane and will not be allowed on the border.
How to vaccinate at home?
With the main types of vaccinations for rabbits sort of sorted out. It remains only to clarify what and when to do? It is also unknown whether it is possible to do UHBK and VBCK (myxomatosis) at the same time? This will be discussed further.
How to vaccinate?
In the case of the associated vaccine and UHD vaccination, baby rabbits are vaccinated after the babies reach 1.5 months of age. After three months, it is desirable to conduct revaccination. If we are talking about a vaccine for myxomatosis, then the injection should be done at the age of 28 days. The entire range of vaccinations is recommended once a year to meat breeds and twice a year - decorative. That's all the instructions for vaccination of young.
Vaccination of pregnant and lactating rabbits
You can vaccinate rabbits with all types of vaccinations at almost any time. It is undesirable to do this only during feeding. It is interesting that babies get temporary immunity along with their mother's milk. Therefore, it is sometimes better to wait and conduct the first vaccination of young animals in the third month. In general, it is desirable to vaccinate mothers before pregnancy, because of a possible negative reaction to the drug, and, approximately in one and a half weeks, to carry out the mating.
As experts say, the best option would be a comprehensive vaccine. But if there is no such, a separate vaccination should be carried out. First of all, you can be vaccinated for myxomatosis, and after 10 days you can make UGBV. After that, it is possible to alter the scheme exactly the opposite, the first one is UHD, after 10 days from myxomatosis.
From myxomatosis, it is better to vaccinate for the summer, since in winter there are no carriers for it - mosquitoes. If you remember the babies, it is better if they receive the first vaccine not in a month and a half, but when they weigh half a kilo. You also need to ensure that all individuals before vaccinations were completely healthy, otherwise the vaccine will cause a massive mortality. Finally, before starting the vaccination schedule, thorough deworming of rabbits should be carried out.