Getting offspring from rabbits is a joyful event that every farmer is looking forward to. The preceding event, of course, is the pairing of rabbits. It is sometimes hard for novice breeders to understand at what age the rabbit is ready to meet a male. Therefore, in our article you will learn the main signs of hunting in females, the fertilization process and the principles of mating after childbirth.
When can I propagate?
So, if your goal is mating rabbits at home, you need to know how to properly hold it and at what age. The little rabbit, like the male, reaches maturity at 3.5 months, sometimes at 4.5. Viscous calves become physiologically complete about 45 days after maturation. At the age of 180 days or 6 months, the female is ready to be naked.
Mating of rabbits should be carried out only if the animals are healthy and well-fed. Only in this way you will get strong and healthy offspring.
Large breed breeds can occur up to six months, but not earlier than 5 months. Early breeds, such as the California rabbit, can be crossed with a female after the age of 4 months. Repair bunnies will correctly knit not earlier than 6 months, especially if mating is the first.
Signs of sex hunting
Breeding rabbits should be carried out when the female has sexual desire or hunting. You can determine for yourself that the rabbit’s period begins, and she is ready to be transplanted to the male, according to her behavior. On average, the rabbit begins to want a male in 4.5-5 months. The female quickly runs around the cage, begins to scatter hay, can turn the feeder. If your rabbit is at puberty and is over 4 months old, check her sex organs.
The sexual loop of the "thirsting for love" of the female becomes saturated pink or red, it is issued a little outside. The rabbit often urinates, carries hay in her teeth, chews on the walls of the cage, sits down, stretching her hind legs, lies down on her stomach. Such violent behavior suggests that you can transplant it into a cage to the crawl. Sometimes, even if the female is in the hunt, the rabbits do not mate and the circle does not occur. In this case, the attempt at okrol should be repeated after a time, for example, on the next day.
The important point is ovulation
For successful insemination, it is important that the female has an ovulation period. Of course, guessing the pairing time for 100% around up to an hour, of course, will not work. But you can understand about when an ovulation occurs in a female. The process of ovulation in a single rabbit takes 2-5 days, then comes the time of sexual hunting. This period occurs regularly, usually on average every 5-7 days in summer and after 8-9 days in winter.
When fertilization does not occur, the female begins to enter the hunt again, which means that the mating of rabbits can be repeated.
At home, mating of tribal rabbits is carried out for 4-6 days in a row. It is necessary to do this as many times as necessary to accurately hit the temporary ovulation gap. Both males and females are selected in appearance, they look at how much they weigh, if they are healthy and only then they sit down to mate. When a couple is in a cage, there should be no foreign objects in it - feeders on the floor, drinkers.
Krols should breed in the cage of the male, where it feels comfortable. How much will the process of adapting it to someone else's cage is unknown, and therefore the pairing of rabbits may not take place. The time when mating is carried out in the summer should fall on earlier morning, and in the winter in the period from 11 to 16 hours. Understand that the mating of rabbits was successful, it is possible for the male, the process is quick and takes just a couple of seconds. He falls to the side of the rabbit's back with a characteristic squeak or growl.
About 6 days after mating, the rabbit can be checked for suckling. To do this properly you need by sitting down to the crawl. If the young lady "beats off" her beau, the pairing of the rabbits was probably successful. Correctly and fully covered rabbit shows no signs of hunting.
After some time, check the beast for a false pregnancy. When the rabbit is really pregnant, in her stomach after 15 days, noticeable lumps start to grope. If there is no pregnancy, the stomach will be empty. Signs of false pregnancy disappear after 18 days.
The following video about the pairing of rabbits will be useful for beginners in the rabbit breeding. The video clearly shows that when mating is finished, the male falls to the side and lies for a few seconds, then quickly rises. This is a sure sign that the pairing of rabbits is over and the eared pet did everything right.
How do females fertilize after caulking?
When around the house took place successfully, you can think about re-mating rabbits. From a physiological point of view, it can be done within a few days after birth, but this is harmful for the rabbit. Some farmers believe that it is possible to reduce the rabbit with a crawl already on the 21st postnatal day without fear. But it is preferable to do it after the weaning of rabbits at the age of 30 days. If you pick them up from your mother in three weeks - they get sick, they gain weight poorly.
Awkol - a tedious process for the female, her nervous system and body need rest. How much time must pass to successfully mate the rabbits again and get a new okrol? Breeders are advised to give the rabbit a break for a couple of days after weaning cubs, as in the video below. A new pairing of rabbits is carried out after this break, when signs of hunting appear. Rabbits can constantly breed, all year round, up to the age of three to five years, bring 5 litters per year, or even 8 litters.
What if the female refuses to mate?
What to do if time has passed after the roundabout, and the female does not want to mate, and in what case does this happen? Regardless of how much time has passed after the bowing, the female may simply be wary of a gentleman. She needs time to get used to. The second reason is that the animal’s nervous system after sensation is very sensitive. A rabbit can completely lose the desire to communicate with relatives and go for mating.
Reason number three - the young lady does not want so much, but pretends not to notice the "groom". This is not a bad sign, but part of the female's marital behavior, which will change in a short time. It is necessary to do so that the female would come to a healthy, full of strength. For full breeding of rabbits, both the female and the male should be well and properly, balancedly fed.
Another reason - the boy crawl can be weak sexually, and no matter how hard he tries, he will not do his “job” qualitatively. A rabbit of such a fiancé will not be allowed in either immediately after birth, nor after some time after them. For a successful pairing of rabbits, plant the lady in the cage to another, more active cavalier. You can even leave the female in the same cage with the producer crawl for a while (for example, at 5-6 hours) so that he can make several attempts. 3-6 days after the mating process, control mating can be performed.