The California rabbit has amazing features, characteristics and qualities. He is handsome, has a thick skin, good weight, friendly and contact character.
As you might guess from the name, hails from California. They were engaged in breeding famous American scientist and breeder George West. His goal was to breed with faster growth and maturation. For his latest experiments, he took the New Zealander, the Himalayan and the Chinchilla. Despite the value of the latter in fur production, California rabbits inherited fur quality from Himalayan relatives.
The result of the work of the American scientist was a new subspecies, which already 10 years later was recognized as an independent breed.
According to the description of the appearance of fluffy Californians are similar to a close relative - the rabbit breed "butterfly". Both rodents have a pure white skin color and black or brown spots on some parts of the body. But Californian has a clear rounded contour spots on the nose, paws and short tail. His relative has a spot shaped butterfly wings and is not so clear. In addition, the Californian handsome nose with a crook.
The body of a representative of this species has the shape of a light bulb. A small round head on a very short neck smoothly flows into a thickened body, expanding and rounding in the tail section. It is the lumbosacral region, which is especially developed in Californian rabbits, and is considered the main supplier of meat. Among other distinctive features of the species can be identified:
- lack of dehydration and chin;
- red or pink eyes;
- medium, thick dark ears;
- short, low set, strong legs;
- wide chest;
- black or brown color of paws, ears and tip of tail.
The peculiarity of the content of this breed is early slaughter. Already by 7 months the animal reaches its maximum weight and reluctantly gains it. The content of Californians longer considered economically unprofitable, so leave only those individuals that will go to further reproduction. Normal weight they have from 4.5 to 5 kg. You can get larger, but this increases only the proportion of fat, which is bad for realizing carcasses for meat.
The California rabbit begins to gain weight well with maternal feeding and then, with the right content, gradually increases it. What should be the increase in the mass of animals by month, see the table.
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The net meat yield of Californians rabbits is 60-65%, with only 2.5% of the volume is fat and another 10-12.5% is the skeleton. It is easy to calculate the economic benefit of breeding this meat-shaving rodent, if you know that only 3-3.5 kg of the feed mixture gives an increase of 1 kg of meat. You can learn more about it, and also find out how to organize the life of these rodents, can be on the video.
How to breed?
The main features include the speed of its breeding, large offspring and good mother care for babies. Females can produce offspring up to 5 years of age - half of their entire life. Already by 5 months, the generation becomes sexually mature and ready for breeding, so for the year you can even get 2 generations.
At home, when breeding on farms it is especially important to monitor the purity of the breed. Changes in the color, shape of the head, and the appearance of spots in unusual places may indicate impurities in the genotype. This breed can be crossed with a New Zealand female of white color - this will help make the gene pool better.
Care and maintenance
Californians love relatively spacious cages. Best size is at least 120x60 cm with nesting compartment. But thanks to the structure of their paws, they can live in a regular grid. The care is quite simple - cleaning the cells and constant feeding. They do not require special temperature conditions, therefore, both in the arid, sultry south, and in the northern regions, their houses can be bred.
It is better to feed animals for meat abundantly from the first days of the transition to "adult" food. Preference is given to protein and protein feed. In the summer, you can give a variety of greens, but in the trough you need to add meat or fish meal. In the spring it is good to feed pets with vitamins, which is shown to us by the following video.
Enjoys great success with both novice farmers and true professionals. The description of all reviews is similar: they grow fast, are unpretentious in care, eat well, have a good weight at the exit. As they say, only 4-5 females and 1 male are enough to provide the whole family with dietary meat for a year. The breeders do not note any drawbacks, but recommend monitoring the state of the skin. She is beautiful, so you can take the furrier, gaining additional funds.