Pheasants, although they belong to hunting game birds, are wild, but today they are increasingly found in private homestead farms. They are very beautiful and have high egg production, which, of course, attracts farmers. And they have great meat. Consider the rules of cultivation, as well as breeding pheasants.
How to breed in a household?
Pheasants are well known to all of us from the stories of avid hunters. It is known that their homeland is Southeast, as well as Central Asia, but they also live in Europe. This bird today is a favorite trophy and favorite dish of gourmets. Fortunately, in order to try it, you no longer need to learn the skills of a hunter and run to the nearest forest with a gun. The content of pheasants is not very difficult, they can be grown just in your yard. How? We will tell you everything now.
On the plot
Growing and breeding pheasants is carried out in two ways. The first is a business where there is a tendency to increase growth and the number of poultry. The second - for yourself, that is, home breeding. We will now consider the second option.
For breeding, you can buy chicks or adult birds from other breeders, or catch them yourself in the forest, or raise them from an egg. If you can grow pheasants for business in cages, then they feel better in the home plots in the cages. A gridded space is constructed for them at the rate of 2 square meters per bird. It is important to note that the characteristics of breeding pheasants largely depend on their breed.
For example, some pheasants are divided into monogamous pairs, others into polygamous, creating different families. Therefore, before you start working with them, study their breed characteristics. This will help to avoid mistakes.
If pheasants are monogamous, then they should be settled in enclosures in pairs. If polygamous, then about four females are left for one male. It is important to remember that in this case a greater number of females will contribute to the reduction of eggs. During the breeding period, do not release the males in one enclosure. These are very aggressive birds, therefore they fight, as a rule, to death.
Besides the fact that the aviary should be spacious and closed on all sides, it is important to consider some features when building it. For example, female pheasants often suffer from forgetfulness regarding egg laying. Therefore, you will often need to bypass it in search of forgotten eggs. Provide a comfortable size so you can easily enter it.
Also, egg-laying females largely depends on the breed. For example, some lay eggs in the grass, others - in the bushes, and others in general in the trees. That is why for successful breeding the bird needs to create the most comfortable conditions for life in accordance with their natural instincts and characteristics. The period of egg production in females begins seasonally and lasts from April to August. It is necessary to sit the male with the female in February or March.
And also, these winged ones are not for beginners.. Cultivation and maintenance of pheasants at homerequires some experience and knowledge, so do not chase a large number. Start with one pair of adult birds.
Maintenance and care
So, you got pheasant chicks. It doesn't matter if you bought them or planted them yourself in an incubator, they require special care. Until the babies reach the age of 20 days, the size of the poultry house greatly influences their growth and development. Pheasant should be placed on a square meter of no more than 30 individuals. Otherwise, they can crush each other. Also, unlike poultry chicks, pheasant babies do not need artificial light. Moreover, its excessive amount leads to cannibalism.
In the first three days, babies should be kept at a temperature of +28 degrees, gradually lowering them throughout the month. As soon as the chicks are a month old, they can be released into an open-air cage, but it is desirable that the temperature does not fall below 20 degrees. Pheasant chicks are given a forage mixed with greens as food. Two months later, they can already be transferred to an adult diet. Beginning with 5-6 months, the young growth is considered already adult birds.
Care for adult pheasants
Adult birds are less whimsical to the temperature of the content than the chicks. Good plumage, as well as the natural ability to endure harsh winters, allows you to keep birds in the aviary, even in the cold period of time. However, pheasants are extremely fastidious in terms of nutrition. They are very voracious and require good nutritional feed. For example, the basis of their diet can be grain of wheat, corn, barley. You can add cake and always raw vegetables: cabbage, carrots, pumpkin, potatoes.
For good productivity, pheasants need macro and micronutrients. For example, fish oil, fishmeal, chalk, purchased supplements for breeding birds are added to food. Care pheasants is that they always live clean and were full. At the same time, the cleanliness of the aviary is an extremely important factor.
It is necessary not only to regularly clean the litter and garbage, but also to wash the troughs and feeders, to disinfect all inventory. If these conditions are not observed, then birds may have mites and other parasites. An important rule - pheasants need to give water cold, and in winter even in the form of pure snow.
Interesting to know
As it turns out, the pheasant is the only bird in our fauna that eats the Colorado potato beetle. Moreover, as practice shows, this is their favorite delicacy. Even from him they gain good weight. If pheasants are regularly released on the beds with potatoes, then this pest can be forgotten for the whole summer. In those areas where the potato fields are located near forests, there are no bugs at all. Birds feed there regularly.
If you are going to start pheasants, then you should know that they are very sensitive to stress. Not only are they shy, but they also have a good memory. For example, they remember well the face and voice of the person who feeds them, remember his clothes and behavior. If something changes, the birds start to get nervous.
Stress can also occur as a result of internal communication in a team of fellows. Therefore, the owner needs to observe and watch the birds so that they do not fight, do not show aggression towards one relative. Often this contributes to cannibalism.
Do not make sharp movements near pheasants or create loud sounds. Try to maintain constant conditions for their cultivation. Remember that stress and nervous experiences can greatly affect not only productivity, but also their health.
Content in winter
The pheasant, though not very afraid of the cold, but still in the winter, farmers recommend observing some conditions of their detention. For example, in winter the bird is especially whimsical to the presence of man, to the lack of space in the aviary. If your winters are frosty, then it is advisable to put in the aviary small shelters with warm bedding for this period. For example, it can be sheds or booths.
Be sure to improve nutrition. So, in the autumn-winter period, vitamins should be added to the main feed at the rate of 3 grams per bird. It can be as special purchased supplements, and fish oil, yeast. Increase the dose of grain by 5 grams per individual per day.
In order for the pheasants to have time to consume the right amount of feed during a short winter day, experts advise the enclosure to equip with artificial lighting. That is, you can increase the light day to 14 hours with a lamp. These are, perhaps, the basic rules and requirements for the cultivation of this wild and very beautiful bird on the home plot. Learn more useful information from the video.
Video "Wild Bird in a Private Yard"
In this video you can see the breeding and cultivation of pheasants in a private garden plot, learn from the mouth of the breeder about some of the features of these birds.