The incredible Angora down rabbit deserves special attention from professional breeders and those who are just going to start a fluffy ball of happiness in the house. Of course, you should not get angora, not armed with knowledge of the breed. Carefully read the article to understand how to care for the animals, what is their character, how to feed the rabbits, what problems you may encounter, and much more from the secrets of breeding these cute friends.
History of popularity
Angora rabbits deservedly occupy one of the first lines in the popularity rating of breeds for more than 300 years. The animals appeared on the territory of Turkey, from where they got to Europe by sea. Navigators, staying in the Turkish port, could not remain indifferent to these kids and took them as a gift for their loved ones.
In just a couple of years, Angora rabbits conquered Europe. The entire French elite, including members of the royal family, kept them as pets. Due to its communicative qualities, unique appearance and unpretentiousness, the animals won more and more hearts.
Over the years, Angora rabbits have learned to use for the production of wool. Many breeders, including from Russia, used the breed in their work, trying to get even more interesting options. Today, angora breeding is practiced everywhere, and China is the largest site for the production of fur from these animals.
Rabbits of the Angora breed are very different from all other members of the hare family. Even a non-professional can at a glance highlight this fluffy little ball among his fellows. The first and main distinctive feature is a colossal amount of wool - it grows up to 15-25 cm long.
The weight of an adult individual is from 2 to 6 kg, depending on the breed (more on this later). Angora rabbits are not raised for slaughter, although their meat is no worse than the product derived from other varieties. A large amount of wool makes the animals look larger than they really are.
Learn Angora can be on the flat nose, hidden in the fur. In general, the whole body of rabbits is covered with a long thick down, hiding eyes, and there are tassels on the ears. Their bodies are oval, resembling a regular cylinder, their paws are long and powerful. The color range of Angora animals, mostly light. But there are also black or blue representatives of the fraternity.
Varieties resulting from breeding
There are 6 breeds of Angora rabbits, which are most common throughout the world. We are talking about such types as:
French rabbits are large, and their distinctive quality is the absence of long hair on the ears, muzzle and lower legs. German fngorki stand out with a spiral undercoat, exclusively white coat and red eyes. Giant representatives of this species are easily recognizable by large tassels on the ears, a bit pointed nose and low hairiness on the head.
By type of satin angora close with the French. They have the same low hairy head, and they are almost identical in body size. But the difference is still there - a shiny satin wool, for which the rabbits of this species are valued by the breeders.
But English Angoras, on the contrary, are completely covered with long hair, which markedly distinguishes them from other breeds. The dwarf rabbit can be recognized not only by its small size, but also by its short, wide muzzle, which is crowned with straight erect ears with large tassels.
We collected data about them in a table, so that it would be easier for you to compare their characteristics.
According to the table, you can see that the rocks differ not only in the mass or volume of the wool produced, but also in the specificity of the breeding. Small animals bred mainly for home maintenance. In turn, the dwarf Angora rabbit is divided into 4 subspecies: ordinary, lop-eared, curlee-lop and orylag.
Peculiarities of puberty and breeding
Angora rabbit differ late maturation. For example: most females can happen already from 5-6 months, while Angoracians have sexual contact only at the age of one year. But the animals are very prolific and produce up to 8 babies in one okrol.
The gestation period is the time at which additional care is required for females. They should create maximum comfort, give only the best food and ensure proper conditions for the babies to be born healthy. After the birth of animals, they must be vaccinated against intestinal infections.
"Waste-free reproduction" of the Angora rabbits is possible only in large enterprises, where the females that have weakened after giving birth are allowed for meat. In smaller farms, the animals are divided in a ratio of 1 to 3, where one part is used to create numbers, and two - to produce fluff.
Sociability of animals and their inner world
The Angora Decorative Rabbit is a great companion for your children. They are agreeable and peace-loving, willing to make contact with people and other animals. But the animals do not like sudden movements and sounds - it scares them and makes them hide.
The problem may arise with the males, as they mark their territory. But if the rabbit is neutered or left out of the cage, then his libido will calm down after a couple of months. With females, everything is more complicated: they become fruitless if left for a long time without a fan.
Angora rabbits get along well with small rodents, such as hamsters or rats, as well as kittens, birds and even dogs. On the other hand, large dogs can unknowingly harm the animal by simply not calculating the strength during the game. Yes, and a loud bark will constantly unnerve little friends.
Ideal does not exist, but you can strive for it
Angora rabbits love for their appearance, the ability to raise their home as a pet and use to collect wool. These animals are timeless participants of fairs, exhibitions and festivals, where breeders are happy to boast fluffy friends.
Speaking about the merits, we should not forget about the minuses of the breed. For example, their low weight, which does not allow to raise animals for slaughter. Yes, and the wool from them turns out a little - up to 1.5 kg, and only from the German subspecies (the rest give even less). Angora rabbits often get sick, they have a weak immune system, so keep them is not always easy.
As pets, they do not make noise, do not scratch during the game and do not require walks. On the other hand, rabbits are not averse to chewing on the wires, stripping wallpaper, biting the heels (as a joke), or going to the toilet in the wrong place. But all these small incidents can be eliminated by buying a reliable cage for the animal.
Dream house for eared
An important role in the care of rabbits is played by competent selection of the cage for their maintenance. It is better to use houses of the closed type, from where animals will not be able to get out without your permission. The cost of such a shelter depends on a number of factors: size, equipment, material of manufacture.
Cages for rabbits can be single-tier and multi-tier, as long as their floor is lined with straw or sawdust.
It is recommended to choose a house with an attached enclosure where the rabbit can frolic. If the animals are left stationary for a long time, their muscles will atrophy.
If you bought a cage without a cage, then do not forget to let the animals warm up. The cage for rabbits is placed in a well-ventilated area, as the stale air for animals is destructive. Like high humidity, pneumonia and other viral infections develop from it.
Safety and factors associated with it
Decorative rabbits contained in the apartment, consider it their territory. If you begin to restrict his freedom, their fragile psyche will suffer. But because of their excessive curiosity, the animals often get into trouble, and your task, as a good host, is to protect them.
Angora rabbits are terribly curious. Everything new and interesting is not alien to them. They are happy to learn new corners in the apartment, sometimes to the detriment of themselves. In order to prevent trouble, we advise you to remove all sharp, piercing and cutting objects: consider that there is a small child in the house.
Hide all wires lying on the floor, even insulated. If you have photo and video equipment in your house, turn off the flashes on it - it blinds and scares the little animals. And remember that rabbits are predominantly nocturnal animals, and one should not expect much activity from them in the daytime.
Grooming or daily fur care treatments
You will need some tools to care for angoraks: a soft brush, a metal comb with blunt needles, scissors. From the toolkit, the purpose of grooming is clear - combing wool, the procedure is performed at least 2 times a week.
It is very important to gradually accustom the rabbits to this procedure so as not to cause them stress. In the process of grooming, combing animals comes from the roots to the ends of the hair, collecting dead particles. Special attention when combing the Angoras is paid to the groin, abdomen and ears.
If you find a koltun in the rabbit's fur, it should be divided with your fingers into the maximum number of strands and try to carefully comb through each. If you do not remove the lump, it is cut with scissors, carefully separating the tuft from the skin with a comb.
We have already said that special care is required for the Angora rabbit. This also applies to the diet of furry pets, because the wrong menu can kill the animal. You can not give them food wet grass or plants grown in the marshland, as they can cause blockage of the stomach.
Rabbit food should be balanced. Animals at any time of the year should receive vitamins. In the summer, you can choose tansy, sedge, cane, sage, alfalfa or other green succulent herbs to feed the Angorak. Favorite products for all breeds are beets and carrots.
Although succulent feed and are the basis of the nutrition of rabbits, do not forget about coarse food (branches, bark, dry herbs). It contributes to grinding teeth and the formation of the right bite. Do not forget to pamper animals with vegetables and fruits.
When you take wool from the Angora rabbits, you do not harm them at all. On the contrary, it is an opportunity to care for a fluffy animal and make life easier for him, because dead fluff is an additional burden. There are three ways to collect hairs:
- a haircut;
Any of these procedures is carried out every 3-4 months. Cut rabbits with sharp scissors and a metal comb, separating the hairs from the skin. This is the fastest way to get fluff.
As for plucking, the process takes a lot of time, but is the most useful procedure, since you only pull dead strands. To blow the rabbit growers use a specialized hairdryer. This tool is expensive, so it is used only by those breeders who work at exhibitions.
A practical guide for those who do not want to make a mistake in choosing
The first thing you should determine when buying an Angora rabbit is its origin (Russian or foreign). Domestic animals are cheaper, but not purebred.
You can find out the Russian representative by the absence of brushes on the ears and a larger constitution. Further, it is recommended to make a general inspection of the future pet: muscles, wool, skin. A healthy rabbit cannot have flabby muscles, and in order to check this, you should take the animal in your arms and feel a little.
Then move his fur apart to make sure the skin is healthy. Pay attention to the head. It should be completely covered with wool. The neck is massive, the sternum is well developed - more than 35 cm in girth. The back of the Angorac is straight, turning into a large rounded croup. And, most importantly, watch the behavior of the animal: this species is very active, and can not sit in one place for 5 minutes.
Immediately, we note that the findings do you, we give you only the bare statistics. We only note that the rabbit business pays off faster than other livestock farms. So, the cost of one rabbit of the Angora breed is from 500 rubles to several tens of thousands. With one animal for the year you can collect 0.5-1.5 kg of wool.
With pregnant females more - up to 3 kg. But there are some nuances: it is allowed to collect hair only after the second pregnancy. The price of ready-made angora yarn is 400-1500 rubles. The average life expectancy of a rabbit is 7-8 years. Of course, in order to calculate the real profit, you will have to take into account the costs of maintaining the animals, but you can get a general idea of the profitability of the business.
Study other breeds by reading the article "Rabbits lop-eared sheep".
If you want to become a professional in rabbit breeding, do not hesitate to write comments and discuss the topic.
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