Sheep breeding is a profitable and promising business.


In many farms, increasing attention is paid to raising sheep and sheep, as these animals have high productivity indicators. A properly prepared business plan for breeding sheep will help you understand how profitable and effective sheep breeding is today.

Growing sheep and breeding rams is a fairly simple process, but bringing a stable income. Is it profitable to breed these animals now? Despite the fact that agricultural experts officially assign a 25% return to this business, the answer is yes. Yes, it is beneficial if you know some subtleties and have a sheep farm business plan in front of you. A small farm can gain momentum just “on the sheep”.

Sheep do not require any special conditions for life, their breeding and maintenance mainly comes down to regular walking and good nutrition. It is also important to choose the right breed. Most often, farmers choose meat, meat and wool and meat sheep. They bring the greatest profit and leave the least amount of waste after slaughter. An additional bonus is milk, which can be profitably sold. If there are more than 3-4 heads of sheep in your subsidiary farm and about twice as bright, milk supply and fertility are provided.

Where to start and how to create?

All successful livestock breeders who own large farms once started out small. On average, for a small farm will be enough ten heads to start. In a year it will be clear whether there are enough sheep, not many sheep in the herd, how animals behave, whether they are gaining weight well. And, of course, raising animals requires material investments - spending on the purchase of sheep and bright, fodder, tools for cutting and other costs. Further we will tell about the most important components of a successful business.

Register LLC or SP

If you want to officially engage in cultivation, register LLC (IP) with OKVED code "01.22.1, breeding sheep and goats." After registration it is allowed to breed and breed milk, wool and down. But if you do not plan to process the milk on your farm, it will be already outside the type of economic activity assigned to you.

Breed selection and purchase

Before buying sheep, you need to decide what breed you want to breed. According to experienced farmers and breed standards, beef meat or meat wool sheep are the most highly productive. They have high stamina, are disease resistant, unpretentious and can easily gain weight on pastures. Sheep are selected either independently or on the recommendation of already experienced breeders. The second option is still preferable, because you can tell proven suppliers.

In the herd usually should be one ram and several females. On the flock of more than ten sheep, you can bring two sheep. First of all, just the lambs leave for meat, so don’t worry if you have more than two males. Their numbers are regulated by slaughter. Such breeds as Gissar, Afghan, edilbayevsky are most preferable for cultivation. Next, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the video on the content of the Afghan fat-tailed sheep breed in a private large-scale livestock farm.

Maintenance and care

After purchasing an adult young sheep or young, it is important that the animals are kept properly. For them they form special covered pens, most often with doors, but sometimes doorless ones located on the leeward side. This is done so that in winter, sheep and sheep do not freeze, but receive a sufficient amount of coolness. In hot rooms, animals quickly become parasites, and the more sheep crowd in the stall, the hotter they are.

Another secret of the sheepfold is the floor elevated above the ground. The approximate distance from the ground to the board floor of the sheep house is 20 cm. If the floor is concrete, be sure to place the animals on thick, dry bedding. Make sure that there is always food in the feeders - in winter it is hay, and in summer fresh green grass and root crops in small quantities. Around the perimeter of the sheepfolds place drinkers so that the sheep can drink.

Pet care requires a minimum. The main thing is to ensure that the animals do not hurt and do not suffer from parasites. With good fodder and comfortable living conditions, the rams feel bright and beautiful and give strong offspring. Lambs are usually not set aside, they are near the females, run along with the herd and very quickly gain weight, if you keep them on the right diet.

Animal nutrition in summer and winter

In the summer, it is a pleasure to keep the sheep, because the owner’s main concern is to arrange walking the pasture for the pets. Such walking is called free: the animals themselves are looking for food, pinching grass in the fields, eating green plants. In winter, it is most profitable to stock up with a large amount of hay. It is harvested from the beginning of summer.

For example, sheep love clover hay very much, they mow it when the flowers start to open. Dry stems without leaves, they will eat badly or will not use at all. The organization of proper nutrition on a small group of animals will allow further use of the same scheme for a large herd.

Sales of meat and milk

Your business will make a profit if there is a place for the sale of meat, fat and milk. People willingly buy homemade dairy products, such as cheese or cottage cheese. Fresh meat, too, diverges quickly. You can start a trial implementation with sales to relatives, neighbors and friends, and later try to arrange deliveries to restaurants or large cafes. It is profitable to sell their meat and dairy products at weekly food fairs (they are usually held in regional cities on weekends). For regular slaughter, it is necessary to keep about 50 sheep (usually, uterus is allowed for slaughter over 4 years old and "extra" sheep).

A farm business plan should include several items. Let's consider each of them in more detail and calculate at the end the required cost for breeding.

The presence of pastures and fields for harvesting hay and walking

Growing a large number of sheep is obliged to have an area for their summer grazing and winter walking. One sheep has an area norm of 0.1 hectares. You can buy land at a price of a thousand rubles per hectare. For example, in the Tambov region for 6000 hectares want 22 thousand rubles, and in Voronezh for the same area - 12 thousand rubles.

Pedigree adults or lambs

Growing up babies will increase your expenses, so buying mature and young vivid and breeding rams is usually practiced. The cost of an adult breeding male is about 15 thousand rubles and above. For one kg of live weight, for example, edilbayevsky sheep, sellers want from 140 to 160 rubles.

Spacious cattle rooms

A wooden or concrete shepherd with thick bedding and wooden feeders is the ideal place for animals. We do not give calculations of the costs of its construction, since, depending on the size and scope of the construction, they can be greatly adjusted.

Service staff

If you plan to breed several dozen animals and more, then it will be difficult to manage without service personnel. Milkmaids and shepherds usually work on the farm, and a veterinarian and strigal are periodically required. Learning to shear the sheep itself is not difficult, so sometimes you can do without strigals.


It is advantageous to have a small truck or van to transport meat carcasses, as well as a tractor with a trailer for transporting hay. So you reduce the physical costs and increase the productivity of labor, and the preparation of animal feed will be faster. The mini-tractor will cost from 235 thousand rubles and more, the trailer - from 80 thousand.

Stocks of hay and other types of feed

Usually, a certain piece of land is sown with alfalfa, then mown on hay. In winter, about 2 kg of hay is needed brighter. By the number of goals you can understand how much raw materials you need. For example, if there are 10 sheep, 20 kg of hay per day is required. A kilogram of hay for sale costs from 5 to 7 rubles. The supplementary diet consists of barley, bran, root crops and mineral supplements. Their cost is considered during the purchase.

Sheepfold inventory

This includes drinkers, feeders, milking latches, milking machines, cleaning tools, clippers. On average, such expenses for one individual will take about 60-70 thousand rubles. The cost of one milking machine is about 30 thousand rubles.

In general, according to calculations, in order to profitably carry out the breeding of flocks in a population of 300 pieces, you should stock up at least a million rubles! But in the end you will get back only a quarter of the amount spent (250 thousand) from the sale of wool and milk and meat products. Therefore, to increase profits, it makes sense to gradually increase the momentum. But in order to work out all the nuances, you definitely need to start with a small number of sheep.

Tips for beginners

  1. Make a business plan, it will indicate approximate costs. Usually, in the end, the real costs still exceed the expected ones.
  2. Examine the weaknesses and advantages of each breed that you plan to have.
  3. It is preferable to breed sheep in spring or winter, therefore mating, carried out in August, will allow to get offspring in late January or early February.
  4. Learn which fresh herbs and hay varieties are good for sheep.
  5. Create a convenient system of water supply in the sheepfold.
  6. Fertilize your crops.
  7. Use the help and advice of more experienced fellow sheep farmers.
  8. Organize a working day on the farm on schedule.

Video "Home-made sheep farm"




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