Numerous breeds of decorative rabbits are so diverse that it can be difficult to choose a pet. We will help you to decide on the main types of these furry animals. In addition, the maintenance and care of animals require physical, material and time costs. Before making a decision on the acquisition of eared beast should be carefully thought out what he needs for comfort and health. And most importantly - whether you can create these necessary conditions.
A variety of types of decorative eared
Almost all types of decorative rabbits can be kept in urban environments. It is better to choose short-haired breeds. Caring for a domestic eared pet is not difficult. It is even acceptable to breed these animals inside a house or apartment.
The animals themselves are distinguished by cleanliness, devotion to the owner, they behave quietly and calmly. They do not spoil the furniture, they do not need to constantly walk. The presence of small children contributes to the maintenance of the decorative rabbit in the apartment, as these animals love to play.
They live on average about 12 years, becoming full members of the family. The most popular breeds include the following rabbits:
- small Rex with plush wool;
- lamb sheep with ears hanging down the sides;
- Angora breed with long beautiful hair that requires special care;
- dwarf colored rabbits;
- hermelina with medium length fur;
- Dutch mini bunnies of tiny sizes.
Such a table of contents will help make the best choice. It is best to acquire a rabbit of the appropriate type and characteristics in special nurseries. Specialists with great practical experience will help to learn the details about the ancestors of animals, to choose the best option, taking into account personal preferences, care options and the content of ornamental rabbits.
How to choose an eared pet
When choosing a rabbit, it is important to have an idea how to determine the age of the animal, and we will tell about it below. It is not recommended to acquire a cub younger than 1.5 months. In this case, the animal must be active, of average fatness. The coat of a healthy individual glitters, there are no pustules and swelling on it. Dwarf decorative rabbit should not choose, focusing on weight and size. Of great importance is the breed.
There are external signs that suggest how to determine the age of eared animals. One of the obvious parameters is the length of the claws, which eventually bend inward. If they are circumcised in an animal, it is better to refuse to purchase.
Rabbit ribs up to 6 months of age are very soft. The stains on the teeth indicate a more adult individual, because over time they turn yellow. The little rabbit eyelids are clean and even, and over time they swell and sag.
Varieties of ornamental rabbits
All eared pets can be divided by weight, body size. Decorative rabbits are large, medium and small. In addition, they differ in length of wool. Pros and cons of specific breeds consider below.
The decorative breed of Rex rabbits is characterized by short plush fur, red-brown color, undeveloped whiskers, ears up to 5.5 cm, and a weight of 1-1.2 kg. In addition, this type of animal has a calm phlegmatic character. Its disadvantages include susceptibility to skin diseases.
The decorative lionheaded rabbit is distinguished by the pronounced mane that adorns its body. Colors can vary from grayish-smoky to chocolate color. These animals can reach a maximum weight of 1.6 kg. They love affection, they have excellent contact with children through active play, have a calm balanced character.
The largest individuals, which have the largest weight up to 3 kg, are called "dwarf sheep". They have a plain gray, white or black color, body length up to 20 cm. Due to their docile nature and unpretentious content, representatives of this fold breed have gained wide popularity.
An excellent choice for families with children and beginners can be a colored dwarf rabbit in the apartment. These animals weighing up to 1 kg are distinguished by an active playful character. By the age of 1.5 years, they become affectionate and friendly. This breed is often called the most desirable for indoor living next to a man.
Rabbit breeds requiring special attention when keeping
Some of the varieties of ears are capricious in care, so they require increased attention.
The Angora domestic rabbit has a wool length of up to 20 mm, which covers its entire body. They need to be combed every four days. Thus, to keep an ornamental rabbit of this breed at home is difficult. All the details about the breed in the article "Angora rabbits".
Hermelin weighs up to 1.5 kg. This animal looks like an attractive soft toy. Despite its merits, it is impossible to call it an ideal choice. The hermelin rabbits are distinguished by their wayward nature, so novice rabbit breeders are not recommended to start such pets. You will find the answer in the article "On the Haremina Rabbits".
Fox dwarf variety of animals weighing up to 1.2 kg is so called because of the wool of great length. In addition, these mini rabbits are complex in nature, so this breed is not very suitable for busy people and children.
Decorative rabbits of the dwarf breed of butterfly, hare, moth are distinguished by an unusual attractive color. These individuals are pure white, speckled and with fiery shades of red. Such pets will decorate the apartment. On the other hand, to keep a rabbit of such exotic species, you need to take into account many nuances.
Features of physiology and the needs of domestic rabbits
For the decorative rabbit, direct sunlight, hot temperatures are contraindicated, as this mammal species does not sweat, and venous vessels of the ears are responsible for the heat exchange. These animals tolerate cold. Eared animals do not adapt well to dampness, drafts. Their health suffers from this. Thus, how to maintain your wards correctly can be determined based on their physiological features.
Fresh air has a positive effect on the health of all breeds of domestic rabbits, so regular airing of the room is of great importance. In general, room mode is great for eared pets. Animals differ from nature in cleanliness.
Comfortable place in the apartment for a pet
The most comfortable pets feel at a temperature of +20 degrees Celsius. Rabbits are afraid of noise, drafts, high temperatures, direct sunlight, so their content requires a place away from windows, radiators, air conditioners, TV, computer.
The decorative dwarf rabbit is a gentle and fearful creature, therefore even an adult pet should be protected from contact with other pets. Sometimes calm cats and dogs during a game may accidentally harm him.
When arranging a place for rabbits on a loggia, one should take care of comfortable temperature conditions without drafts, noise, and stressful situations. In the private courtyard, you can equip a small aviary, cover it with a shelter from the rain, fence.
Choosing a cage eared pets
The basis of the correct maintenance of an ornamental rabbit at home is a comfortable cage, equipped in accordance with the basic needs of animals. It is important to decide what size should be comfortable housing for eared pets. Inhabitants should move freely in it.
The optimum height can be considered a value greater than the height of the rabbit, standing on its hind legs. In length, the cage should correspond to at least three jumps of an eared animal, and in width - two. Thus, the minimum allowable size is 70x40 cm.
The most optimal type of cell will be a room option made of metal mesh with a plastic tray. At the same time high sides of the base allow the use of an open top. It is recommended to cover the bottom with a bedding 3-5 cm thick of hay or sawdust.
In the corner of the cage you need to equip a toilet tray with a special filler. This will greatly facilitate the care of the ornamental rabbit, as the pet quickly learns to defecate in one place.
On the wall it is recommended to install drinkers nipple design. It is better to choose heavy flat-bottomed feeders made of metal or ceramic, which the playful eared inhabitants could not turn over. Inside you need to equip a special house so that the animal can safely hide in it. At the same time getting it out by force is not recommended.
The importance of walking for pets
The content of ornamental rabbits means ensuring their activity. These animals prefer to be nocturnal. Therefore, at night it is advisable to let them out for walks around the apartment, creating appropriate conditions for this.
On the territory where the rabbit walks, there should be no electrical wires, narrow cracks, floor carpets, level drops, aggressive pets. In addition, during the walk of the animals, the cage door must be constantly open.
It is advisable to take care of the rabbits by giving them toys that they could nibble while actively playing. Small bunnies tend to jump on furniture. Such behavior can lead to injuries, so such opportunities should be limited.
The maintenance and night walking of adult animals is much easier to provide, as they are much calmer. In addition, over time, eared pets adapt to the characteristics of a particular way of life. Caring for decorative rabbits can be an easy and enjoyable exercise, if from the very first days of life in an apartment they are properly educated.
Features care for ornamental rabbits
Before deciding to include an eared pet in the family, it is important to clearly define how to care for a decorative rabbit. To do this, you will need: a brush for wool, claw scissors, a scoop, vinegar for cleaning the toilet tray, anti-flea preparations, disinfectants.
Decorative rabbit, the content of which corresponds to its needs, feels good and does not get sick.
These animals love cleanliness, so the contents of the toilet tray should be updated daily. It is recommended to change litter every three days, and general cleaning inside the cage should be carried out monthly.
At the same time it is impossible to use aggressive detergents due to allergic reactions in animals. Pets need to constantly grind their teeth. We will tell if this problem can be solved and how.
In fact, the procedure is quite simple. For these purposes it is better to use branches of birch or fruit trees, mineral stones that need to be fixed on the walls of the cage.
Care for animal fur and claws
Fluffy pet when the content inside the apartment needs a caring attitude. It is necessary to care for your pet complex, paying attention to the rabbit's claws and wool. Often it is not recommended to bathe rabbits, as they keep the skin clean on their own. In addition, such procedures can damage the fat layer.
On the other hand, it is required to regularly comb the long hair of animals of a certain breed to prevent the formation of tangles. If you do not do this, the stomach of eared animals may become clogged.
Rabbit claws should be trimmed regularly, observing safety rules so as not to hurt blood vessels. During the procedure, the animal needs to be reassured. In no case is it recommended to lift him by the ears. This should be done with two hands, placing one of them under the breast, and the other behind the hind legs. Following such rules, a person cares about the health of their wards.
Decorative rabbits, the care and content of which does not correspond to the described recommendations, will hurt and disturb the owners.
Hay is the basis for feeding rabbits of various breeds, therefore such feed should always be present in the cage. In the warm season, it is advisable to feed your pets with fresh, soft, juicy herbal food, enriching the ration with carrots and apples. Ushastiks also eat dried fruit with pleasure, and in winter they spruce with needles.
It is important to ensure constant access to clean drinking water, which is recommended to defend or boil. When the rabbit grows to 4 months, it can be given chopped fresh vegetables, fruits, chamomile, alfalfa, herbs.
The little rabbit needs concentrated vitamins, minerals, nutrients, so he should be given a combined feed.
The smallest decorative rabbits should receive one tablespoon of such mixtures three times a day, and adults two times a day, 1.5 spoons.
In addition, animals should be constantly given chalk, salt stone, and minerals. Such components help grind down the teeth, strengthen the immunity of pets. Proper care and feeding of ornamental rabbits will ensure their growth, development, full active life.
Features of breeding and breeding eared pets in an apartment
Breeding decorative rabbits at home is not associated with great difficulties, because they take up little space and eat a little. For breeding you need to buy a two-month baby rabbit.
Breeding eared pets can be started from the age of 4 months. It is important to make sure that the female is ready to mate and does not show aggression to the male. The approaching birth after one month of pregnancy is evidenced by the rabbit's attempts to equip the nest.
Separating cubs from a nursing mother is recommended not earlier than 1.5 months after birth. To ensure the qualitative reproduction of ornamental rabbits, it is necessary to equip additional cages. Rabbits of different sexes should be divided after weaning from the mother, and they should be separated into separate cages.
If you are interested in the article, please put the likes.
Leave comments, telling readers of the site about their decorative bunnies.