What is important to know about the species and breeds of rabbits


The best breeds of rabbits (their largest representatives, small brothers and rare species) are collected in this article so that you can get acquainted with the world of the rabbit breeding industry. Animals are bred for soft fur, tasty meat, warm down and just for the soul. But to understand the diversity of species is not so simple. We want to help those who master this area of ​​animal husbandry. You will find here a lot of interesting and useful information.

Breeding statistics and its manifestations in Russia

In the entire history of rabbit breeding in the world, more than 200 different breeds of rabbits were created, but few of them became famous. The oldest and most popular industry is meat production. Decorative breeding or getting animal fluff is a new area that has only recently begun to pay off.

Some species of rabbits are widely known all over the world, while other breeds are popular only among Russian rabbit breeders. In our country, Soviet chinchillas, white and gray giants, Viennese blue, white downy and silver representatives of the hare family are chosen for breeding.

All of the above breeds, with the exception of the white giants, are bred everywhere in Russia, as they perfectly adjust to the weather changes. As for the white giants, they are grown in the southern regions of the country, since they prefer a mild climate.

About down animals: examples and features

In this section, we will introduce you to what fur breeds are and how remarkable they are. Note that these rabbits contain both for sale and for their own pleasure.

If you breed rabbits for the production of fluff, their cages must be kept in perfect purity in order to preserve the quality of the product.

Angora downy breed among rabbits is one of the most popular in Europe, but it does not take root in our country. The fur of these animals reaches 25 cm in length, and in a year one individual gives about 200 g of fluff. But white feathers, on the contrary, are focused on the Russian climate. True, their wool grows to just 15 cm.

The oldest representatives of the fur family are arctic fox. The animals are distinguished by high-quality elastic down, which can be gathered up to 200 g per year. The biggest advantage of the breed is its unpretentiousness in food. In addition, their females are famous for their high fertility with low mortality of young.

Sources of quality skins

Fur breeds of rabbits differ in dense wool. In order for the product to have a presentable appearance, the animals need to be kept clean and regularly process the skins. The most popular are the following varieties:

  • voila silver;
  • rex;
  • Viennese blue;
  • Russian ermine;
  • butterfly.

Particular attention is attracted by the Russian ermine and rabbits of the hares because of the unique color of the skins. The ermine, besides the color, is also famous for the quality of the product obtained. There are no breeds in the whole world that can match the thickness and shine of wool with them.

Rabbit butterflies can boast no less a list of advantages. For example, they are completely unpretentious in food, and animals themselves are valued not only for the skin, but also for high-quality meat, so it is extremely profitable to grow them.

Meat Rabbits: Examples and Specific Qualities

Now let's look at what breed of rabbits to choose for growing meat. It should be noted that rabbit meat is highly demanded in the market, because it has superior chicken, beef and pork in its taste and nutritional qualities. Above, we have already said that raising animals for slaughter is the most profitable breeding option.

All types of rabbits, suitable for growing for meat, have similar characteristics. They are unpretentious, as in food and care, quickly gaining a slaughter mass and have good fertility. When buying, you should pay attention to such breeds as: Californian, Soviet chinchilla, black-brown or silver.

The slaughter weight of the above breeds is 4-6 kg, which they gain by the age of six months (sometimes earlier). Particular attention should be paid to the black-brown rabbits, growing to 5-7 kg. If you are going to breed animals in cold areas, then stop the choice on the Soviet chinchilla or Californian rabbits.

Choosing a pet for home content

We talked about what types of eared choose for breeding on farms. Now let us tell you what breed of rabbits is suitable for home keeping. In order to grow rats in an apartment, it is necessary to equip a special place - a cage. If you do not lock the animals, they will strip off your wallpaper, upholstery and gnaw through the wires.

Purebred rabbits living at home are small. For example, the breed dwarf sheep weighs only 1.5-3 kg. It is not for nothing that we stopped on these little animals, since they also captivate with various colors: black, blue, spotty, red.

Soviet marder - another popular breed for home breeding is found mainly in brown color. This noble shade turns almost black on the paws, muzzle, back and tail, leaving the sides of a lighter tone. The fur of the animals of small length, but very thick.

Rabbits like decor

Many animal lovers give in to the new trend and acquire miniature fluffies as pets. Mini-pets are good because they do not take up a lot of space, do not take time, but bring the owners a positive.

Of all the types of rabbits, they prefer to take home small animals of a small size, not more than 2 kg. Of the existing breeds, successful variants will be:

  • mini dutch;
  • color dwarf;
  • dwarf fox.

We gave these rocks as an example because of the variety of shades of their skins. For example, a color dwarf has more than 50 color options.

Ornamental rabbits are kept in cages. For breeds weighing 1.5 kg, a house of 50x70 cm is suitable, where a place for rest and food will be equipped. Feed the animals better specialized feed sold in pet stores. In the summer you can diversify their diet with vegetables, fruits or hay.

Eared record holder Darius

Now tell what rabbit is considered the largest in the world. This is an animal named Darius, which belongs to the Belgian giants. Since 2010, he occupies an honorable place in the Guinness Book of Records.

Even then, the characteristics of the animal attracted attention, although it had not yet reached its peak. At the time of the record, Darius weighed 19 kg, and its length reached 121 cm. The breeder's initial goal was to raise a rabbit for meat, but over time he became a full-fledged member of the family.

In the year the maintenance of such a pet takes more than 400 thousand rubles. And all because the giant rabbits eat a lot. The daily ration of Darius consists of two heads of cabbage, 12 carrots and 6 apples. Despite this antidiet, the animal is not prone to obesity, as it leads a mobile lifestyle.

Competitor Darius - Ralph

Until 2010, it was Ralph who was the champion in weight among domestic rabbits. However, Darius took away his palm, but could not save. Gaining 21 kg of net weight, Ralph regained his deserved title of champion. And it is not surprising, because his ancestors were the famous giant rabbits Amy and Roberto.

At one time, both parents of Ralph were listed in the Guinness Book of Records. But, despite the excellent pedigree, veterinarians advise to follow a certain diet. Because of the tendency to be overweight, the champion is not worth eating too much. Naturally, these recommendations concern breeders, because an animal cannot independently limit itself.

In a week on food Ralph takes more than 4,000 rubles. During the day, a rabbit consumes 2-3 corn cobs, a cabbage, a couple of slices of black bread, a few apples, a bunch of lettuce, half a cucumber and a pack of crackers. Naturally, from such an amount of food, the animal is rapidly gaining weight.

Large representatives of hare

Modern rabbits can reach different sizes - from a pair of kg to 10 or more. About champions we described above. Now let's talk not about specific members of the family, but about the rocks. Pay attention to the gray and white giants, so named not because of the length of the ears.

The name of the breeds "giants" came out precisely because of their weight prevailing over other species. For example, the average mass of a rabbit in this group is 6.5 kg. Of the advantages it should be noted adaptability to climate change and good innate immunity. What can not be said about their white counterparts, since they are grown exclusively in the southern regions.

But the largest representative of the rabbit remains is the Belgian flanders. The adult rabbit of this breed reaches 10 kg of weight, and the body grows to 70-75 cm. Its meat is especially appreciated by cooks, which is why, despite the difficulties of rearing, animals are very popular.

About dwarf species

Currently, rabbit breeders know more than 10 dwarf breeds. These animals are raised for exhibitions, but they can also become excellent pets. For example, the rabbit of the Hermelin breed or its variety, as well as the color dwarf, reaching a mass of not more than 1.5 kg in adulthood.

It is necessary to note such dwarf breeds as fox, angora, rex, lion-headed, ram, butterfly and ognevka. All of them have a unique color, coat length and even character. For example, Rex are short-haired hares, and Angoracans consist entirely of down.

Interesting representatives of the dwarf family - sheep. The breed is distinguished by hanging ears growing up to 28 cm. The animals stand out by color. So, the butterfly feature is a symmetrical spotted pattern in black or brown on a white background. Read more in the article "Breed rabbits butterfly."

Of course, these are just some of the representatives of animals that deserve the attention of modern breeders.

Special, does not mean unpopular

Some livestock breeders may mistakenly believe that rare breeds of rabbits have any defects, as a result of which they lose their demand. In practice, this is a real hunt for unique species. If you managed to get one of these animals into your farm, then this is real luck.

Among the special representatives of rabbits stand out:

  • New Zealand red;
  • big sheep;
  • Alaska;
  • black and fire;
  • white pannony;
  • squirrels;
  • silver.

After reading the description of the New Zealand red, you can not understand the reason for their small number. And all because these rabbits are completely unpretentious, easily adapt to different conditions, and their females bear up to 8 babies in one okol. The fur of these animals is valued for its density and density, and the meat - for its incredible taste.

Another breed that is undeservedly rare in our country is the white pannon. These are rabbits of meat type, distinguished by precocity and fecundity. And, not least, the animals have a calm, docile disposition, which makes it easier to take care of them. We will not dwell on the rest of the rocks in detail, we say only that all of them have many advantages.

The best option for breeding

To determine the ideal breed for cultivation, livestock breeders are different. But there are three types of rabbits, about the benefits of which no one dares to argue: white and gray giants and the Californian rabbit. About the first two types, we have already written above.

Californian breed is loved for its versatility: high-quality meat and demanded skin. Yes, and their fur is smooth and fluffy. An adult animal reaches 5 kg in weight with a body length of 50 cm. But it is worth being careful when feeding, as they are prone to obesity. But the animals easily adapt to changes in the environment.

California eared earliness. A distinctive feature of the rabbits of this breed is the ability of females to bear up to 10 babies per okol. And yet - the rapid absorption of feed. At the same time they need more protein than other representatives of hares.

In the article "About Californian Rabbits" you will find complete information.

A practical guide for beginners

You can give examples of popular, rare, sought-after breeds as you like, but this does not help you choose healthy rabbits for your farm. We give some useful practical tips.

Decide on the type of breed: meat, selfish, down or decorative. It is not necessary to throw at all branches at once, it is troublesome and ineffective. It is more reasonable to expand the economy gradually. Apply for purchase only to professional breeders who have all the documents and information on the product.

Choose the breeds that are popular in your area. Uniqueness is good, but not in the early stages of a business. Examining the rabbits, pay attention to the correctness of the spine, bite, clarity of sight, behavior. If at least something confuses you when you buy, discard it and find another seller.

Determine the view "by eye"

With experience, at a glance you can find out which particular breed the rabbit belongs to. But, inexperienced breeders are easy to fool, so be careful. Pay attention to the color of the animal, which you are trying to sell. White individuals are most common.

But, if there is a color in the name of the breed (giant gray, black and fiery), and you are given a white rabbit, then you are clearly deceived. The second important factor in determining the type is the length of the coat. So, if you want to buy an angorka, and you stretch a smooth-haired relative, then this is another setup.

In general, all rabbits are unique, and it will be difficult to deceive you if you study the breed you are going to breed before you buy. And most importantly - never pay for animals on the Internet. It is better to spend time and inspect the animal yourself than to get a "rabbit in a bag."

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