Painting hives for many beekeepers is a must-have procedure. This protects the wood or other material from external factors, prevents the processes of decay. This procedure significantly increases the life of bee houses, but even it, despite its simplicity, must be done correctly.
Do I need to paint hives?
Let us say at once that there are quite a lot of contradictory opinions on this matter. So, some beekeepers claim its necessity and importance, others, on the contrary, prove its harm. So that everyone can draw conclusions for themselves, we present both positive and negative points.
So, painting the evidence of bees, first of all, is necessary for the external protection of the material from damage. This is especially necessary for wooden houses, which are contained on the street. Properly chosen paint will prevent the dampness of the wood, preserve its thermoregulation, and protect it from getting wet. Moreover, in a large apiary, if all the hives are the same, this complicates the orientation of the bees in space. Insects are more easily guided by colors if each hive is painted in its own tone, as stated in the video.
However, there are also disadvantages. Many beekeepers have already proved that in unpainted houses, bees tolerate wintering better. This is due to the fact that many paints complicate the air exchange of buildings, prevent the natural release of moisture and heat, violate the temperature regime. Often, because of this, inside the hive collects condensate, it becomes stuffy. It is also important to take the paint itself very seriously, as many are toxic to bees.
It is possible to paint a hive and in many cases it is necessary only from the outside. The inner remains of a natural material, which the bees will later fully propolize.
What can paint evidence?
Today the market of construction and finishing products is replete with different types of paints. But not every one of them is suitable for painting hives. For example, acrylic and oil are considered the most common and most suitable.
The main advantage is its safety for bees, as it is water-based. It does not violate the microclimate inside the evidence, is odorless, dries quickly and is easy to apply. Acrylic resistant under the action of sunlight and moisture, so it can last up to 15 years. The painted surface does not lose color, which makes it easier to care for the hive. Another weighty plus is that it is suitable for different materials, be it wood, plywood, polystyrene or even concrete.
Acrylic paint passes moisture and air, therefore does not form a fungus. But it should be applied only on a specially prepared surface with a putty, as shown in the video. Wood is painted only that which has not previously been painted. It is necessary to use front paint for external surfaces. Also, before processing with acrylic paint it is necessary that all surfaces are clean and dry.
Another good paint, at least compared to acrylic and not as effective. It is also resistant and safe, but has a much shorter service life. High-quality oil coating retains its properties for 4-5 years. They also have a weighty minus, about which so often beekeepers say - it creates a film that does not let air and moisture through. This impairs thermoregulation and evidence of air.
Few people are familiar today, but earlier a very popular paint is aluminum powder. As you understand, its benefit is even less than that of oil. Today it is no longer used for painting walls, but only as a roof covering. Here it justifies its properties in full measure - it reflects ultraviolet rays. This prevents the hive from overheating and makes a very beautiful look.
This type of paint is also useful to you if there is a large power line nearby. Aluminum will create a special protective shield. This composition can also be painted side walls, as silverfish is stable and does not swell from moisture.
This, though not quite paint, but in terms of its protective properties even surpasses silver and acrylic. In addition, for many, this option is also very profitable. As they say, cheap and cheerful. So, it is necessary to cover with liquid glass the walls of evidence from the outside at least three times. Each layer should dry well before applying the next one, which takes about 15 minutes.
Liquid glass creates a durable layer that protects the hive from any climatic conditions, prevents corrosion and all subsequent material defects. Such staining will increase the life of the houses due to the fact that it will not be able to chew bees.
Do not forget about the correct color of the paint, which greatly affects the orientation of the bees. Each family remembers its house by color. If you have a lot of hives, and the types of paint a little variety, then alternate the shades of the front walls or the landing boards. Even the color of the board or some pattern of the bee is also very well remembered.