Today, there are so many different artificial substitutes for natural honey. Despite this, real honey is still in great demand. Therefore, beekeeping as a business can be considered very profitable.
Is it profitable or not?
Breeding bees as a business is a very promising and quite profitable occupation. Based on the statistics of recent years, the profitability of beekeeping is 15-25%. However, a substantial profit can be obtained only if one has at least 100-150 bee colonies in his apiary.
Possible risks and losses
Breeding bees has a number of risks that can be divided into two categories:
1. Risks that do not depend on the beekeeper:
- cold or very hot summer;
- frequent rains, hail, strong winds;
- thefts, fires, deliberate sabotage by strangers;
- natural disasters.
2. Risks that are possible with human intervention:
- accidental loss of the queen bee;
- the neglected state of the bee swarm;
- rough inspection of bee colonies.
Features of doing business
The first thing to think about is where to organize the farm? The main condition for choosing a place for an apiary is a flat, fairly large and dry piece of land with a slight incline. It will have a good effect on the apiary, if trees grow densely around its territory, they will serve as protection from strong winds and direct sunlight on a hot day. If this condition cannot be met, then a high fence will need to be erected around the apiary.
At a distance of about 2-3 km from the site set aside for an apiary, different types of honey plants should grow. It is desirable that their periods of flowering differ among themselves. A positive point will be the growth of early-flowering honey plants near the apiary. This circumstance will allow the bees to recover in a short time after the cold season.
We do not recommend creating an apiary in close proximity to livestock farms, large reservoirs and industrial enterprises.
It is important that today the rent for the arrangement of the apiary in the framework of working farms is often not charged. Farmers are interested in locating beehives with bees on their plots, as this results in additional pollination of crops. In addition, the forester will approve the breeding of bees for business if you want to equip an apiary in the forest under his control.
As for the beehives and the bees themselves, the latter can already be purchased from experienced beekeepers together with the first. Of course, you can buy hives with new ones, but if you prefer to save, then they are already used. The use of used hives will not affect the productivity of the apiary. We recommend using the already familiar to all hive Dadan or Ruth.
Swarms of bees, you need to emphasize once again, you can often buy already with a hive. It is recommended to buy bee families in the period starting at the end of April and ending in May. The main criteria on which you should rely when selecting a bee colony are the egg production of the uterus, working capacity, the number of working bodies, disease resistance, resistance during the winter and activity in the process of searching for honey collection.
Honey is included in the Unified list of products, which regulates the obligations to obtain a certificate of quality and safety of the goods. Obtaining this document is relevant if you decide to engage in beekeeping closely. Regarding the implementation: if the honey is a moderate amount, it will be sufficient to sell it to your friends and acquaintances, if you have a lot of it, organize a place of trade in the market or launch an online store.
Before you sell the bees, it is necessary, starting from the estimated size of the future apiary, to calculate the approximate costs and benefits, as well as profitability - the business plan of the apiary. Below we have given calculations that will help draw up a plan for the production and sale of bee products. The figures are given at the very minimum size of the apiary, at which it can already be called a profitable business - 30 hives.
Day start mark costs
- 1 hive (Dadana) will cost 3800 p. We receive - 30х3800 = 114000 rubles;
- various beekeeping equipment, inventory and a number of necessary veterinary drugs. They will need to allocate about 15,000 r. For all this;
- veterinary support will cost 7000 p .;
- bee families with hives recommend, as is now customary, to insure. Insurance of one bee family on average costs 400 rubles. We get a result of 30x400 = 12000 p.
Adding all the numbers, we get an amount equal to 148,000 p.
Now let's talk about the profitability of the economy, which is expressed in considerable incomes. From one hive in the first year of the apiary, on average, you can collect about 30 kg of honey. Later, the annual rate of honey, with proper management of apiculture, will reach 50 kg.
It is possible to sell 1 kg of honey in the market for at least 250 rubles (the price increases every year). Consequently, from 30 hives your annual income will be 225,000 r. And we calculated only the profit for the main product of the beekeeping, without taking into account the additional products of the apiary (pollen, propolis, royal jelly, etc.), which will bring additional money (about 30%).
Studying reviews, you can safely say that in most cases it is very profitable to engage in an apiary, and it pays for itself in the first year. Many complain about the wrong choice of hive because of its inexperience, which affected the income from the apiary. In general, people experienced in apiculture are fully satisfied with the monetary benefits that the apiary gives after the first year of their work.