Traveling around the world, you can make sure that each country has its own business card. Sunny Spain is famous for its cheerful spirit. It is not surprising that bullfights are especially popular in it: this exciting spectacle is admired by millions of people. Let us plunge into the atmosphere of passions, learning amazing facts, and also seeing how the bullfight passes.
Such a fight in Spain is officially called "bullfighting". The word corrida comes from the verb correr, meaning "to run." The Spanish phrase corrida de toros literally translates as "running the bulls." In colloquial speech, the indigenous Spaniards replace the "bullfight" with the simple word "bulls."
It is likely that the history of bullfighting began as early as the Bronze Age, when the killing of animals was of a ritual nature. In the Middle Ages, bull fighting was an essential part of the wedding ceremony. The bridegroom was supposed to fight with the animal, darting in his withers, crowned with ribbons of the bride.
At the end of the fifteenth century, a fight between a caballero on a horse and a bull was presented as an entertainment program for gentlemen. In the next century, not a single holiday was complete without a bullfight. Such entertainment was not approved by everyone, so in the middle of the sixteenth century, fighting was prohibited under the threat of church punishment. However, the monarch personally achieved the abolition of tougher sanctions.
The beginning of the eighteenth century was remembered by the appearance of a walking bullfight. From now on, the spectacle became available to the lower strata of the population. Andalusia - the place of education of modern corrida. The first famous toreros of that time were: H. Rodriguez, P. Martínez, H. Guerra. In the twentieth century, the popularity of fighting is growing rapidly, causing a huge number of both approving and indignant views.
Recent years, the significance of bullfighting is ambiguous. Numerous animal rights communities are critical of such bullish manipulations. The king of Spain is convinced that the abolition of fighting is impossible, as it is part of the cultural heritage of the country.
How is it going in Spain?
Bullfighting, like any show, requires the involvement of viewers. On the Internet you can find many videos and photos inviting you to take part in the show. Colorful posters are pasted around the city with a call not to pass by. Bullfighting is divided into three blocks. About the beginning of the third third, the sound of the pipe, issued by the representative of the city authorities, informs.
It should be said that to look at the bloody spectacle - the pleasure is not free. The ticket costs about 25 Euros, and that is about 1,500 rubles.
The first third is called "peak". The bull runs to the arena, where he is met by torero assistants with raincoats. This third is divided into two stages.
- The first stage - the hood. The cape has two colors: pink (which is shown to the animal) and yellow. It is used for the initial call of mental and reflex emotions.
- The second stage is the exit of the picador. Two white circles are depicted in the arena. The task of the Picador is to stay outside the circle in order to take the attack during the first third. Torero needs to keep the animal within a circle before attacking the picador. Torero and his assistants are left of the horse at the time of the attack. The bull, in turn, causes heavy blows to the side of the horse, protected by special “armor”.
The second third is called "banderiy". The goal is to measure the bull's rage so that it does not lose physical strength. That is, the animal tends to bring to a peak state of aggression. At this stage, there is a special person - banderillero. His task is to stick three pointed harpoons into the hoofed body. At the end of the stage, the main persona appears - the bullfighter.
Spears, or banderilla, look bright and colorful. They are usually decorated in the colors of the flags of Spain or Andalusia.
The third third is considered a scrum to the death. Task: kill the animal with a sword. The maestro enters as close as possible to the animal using a red raincoat. Enough infuriating and weakening him, there is a climax - the killing of the animal by the matador. The bull must be destroyed within ten minutes by inserting a sword into the hole between the front ribs and hitting the heart. The best bullfighters kill the animal on the first try.
Watch a video on how this incredible spectacle goes: a bullfight in Spain.
Features of bullfighting
Selection of fighting bulls
For fights, a special breed of fighters is grown, the origin of which is established with the help of a tiny pennant inserted into the back of the head. Ideal for participation in bullfighting is considered to be from 4 to 6 years old. The weight of a bull is usually at least 450 kg. The chances of survival of an animal after a fight are minimal. In the event of a favorable outcome, the animal is used for insemination, but the exit to the arena for it is closed forever.
At the stages of formation of bullfight was organized in the rectangular areas of the city. When the basic rules of fighting were adopted, under which the bull should not be hammered into a corner, the construction of round pads began. The first was La Maestranska Square in Seville, erected in 1733. Plaza Monumental in Mexico City has 55,000 seats and is currently considered the largest bullring in the world.
Bulls, who deserved the love of the public for their courage and skill, can receive a pardon at the request of the audience. Such a decision is made by the president of the arena and can be made if the matador remains intact. In modern corrida, forgiveness has become the norm, the main task of the matador is to reveal the skills of the bull, thereby surprising the public.
Experienced matadors become owners of memorable trophies. As an additional reward, the ears or tail of the animal are awarded. Often the audience asks the bullfighter to make a solemn circle of honor and even carries it in his arms, praising the excellent skill. As with any job, bullfighters receive substantial cash rewards. The fee of the famous matador can reach one hundred thousand dollars for one battle.
Several thousand corridors are held annually, during which about thirty thousand heads are killed. These figures appeal to a wide response among the public, because every year the number of victims is constantly growing. In addition to animals, death happens among matadors and their assistants. Memorials to the dead matadors were erected near the Madrid Arena of Las Ventas. There is also a monument to Fleming, who brought penicillin, thereby reducing the percentage of deaths.
Such a harsh leisure can cause a different reaction. Evaluate the rigidity of the event will not everyone. People with a weak psyche, children and pregnant women, it is preferable to refrain from viewing. But for lovers of drive - this is a great option to spend time with excitement.
We offer for viewing several shots taken on the presentation.Photo 1. Man and animal in the arena Photo 2. Fallen bullfighter Photo 3. An interesting moment of presentation