Sometimes the rabbits fall out of wool, and the owners are lost, trying to find a solution to the problem. Alopecia in animals can be caused by various factors. Among them - an elementary lack of vitamins, ordinary shedding or serious illness. To understand whether you need to treat a pet, you will have to establish the cause of hair loss. Doing it at home is not always easy. We will talk about everything that may affect the appearance of this unpleasant symptom.
When you do not worry: molt
Inexperienced livestock breeders are often afraid of the most common phenomenon - molting in rabbits. The fact is that with them it does not go as it does with cats or other familiar pets.
At the age of 1.5-4 months, rabbits lose a lot of wool, it should not bother you. The first molt takes place in two periods. Up to 3 months, the animal molts continuously, but not too intense. Then the hair on the neck, in the area of the rump, fades and falls, then the process affects the sides and back. So lasts 2 months. Later rabbits molt twice: in autumn and spring.
Sometimes, even with a natural molt, the fur comes off in tufts, leaving bald spots. The cause may be heat, lack of vitamins and trace elements, high humidity or stress.
Signs of normal moulting are:
- the skin at the hair loss site is not smooth, but covered with down;
- there are no wounds, scabs, peeling on the skin;
- if the rabbit is white, new ones are visible in the place of the lost hair;
- if it is dark in color, the skin at the point of hair loss has a bluish tint.
If at least one of the conditions is not met, this is a cause for concern.
Insidious genetics and ornamental breeds
Sometimes, the hair of a rabbit falls out very strongly, until complete baldness. The reason may lie in genetics. Such a pathology is impossible to cure, and defective individuals do not go into the tribal work.
Violation is especially common in ornamental rabbits due to the fact that in the process of breeding the emphasis was placed not on the health of animals, but on an attractive appearance. The genetics of rabbits and without this extremely tangled, sometimes unpredictable. With a negligent approach to breeding the risk of getting the wrong individual is high.
A decorative animal baldness can be of two types. In the first case, it is natural and does not require any corrective measures. The rabbit is born bald and remains so for up to three months, then the wool begins to grow. The second type of baldness is caused by the fact that protein absorption is impaired in the animal's body. This pathology can even lead to the death of a pet.
Vitamin deficiencies and hormone imbalances
Although there are now special feeds for rabbits that contain the necessary vitamins and minerals, avitaminosis is not so rare. The fact is that each animal has its own needs. They depend on age, gender, individual characteristics of the organism.
If you notice that the rabbit is balding, the first thing is to review its diet. Perhaps the food you buy does not suit the animal. In this case, you should contact your veterinarian to change it, as well as introduce additional vitamins in food. As additives to feed, you can use the preparations "Ushastik", "Chiktonik", "Rex Vital".
Sometimes the loss of hair in the rabbit on the sides, nape and other places speaks of hormonal disorders. Such a disorder is very rare, but the probability is. If you have already tried everything, and the animal continues to go bald, you need to carry it to a specialist. The veterinarian will make a blood test by which it will be possible to judge the hormonal background of the body.
Ticks or ectoparasites
One of the main reasons why a rabbit has wool falls is all kinds of ticks. They settle right in the skin or on it, as well as in the hair follicles.
The most common fur and scab mites. With the defeat of the first type of parasite baldness begins with the tail. The itch is not strong, so the rabbit behaves quite calmly. Dandruff and redness appear on the skin. Fur tick is easy to see, it sticks to the skin, has a contrasting color, thanks to which it is visible on any wool. This disease is called heiletiellosis.
If you notice that bald areas appear around a rabbit around the eyes, near the nose or around the ears, this is most likely sarcoptosis. It is caused by scabies mites. If you do not kill him at this stage, he will spread throughout the body. In addition to hair loss, dry skin and purulent wounds on it, sarcoptosis causes general exhaustion.
Often found and ear mite. He lives in the skin, concentrating in the ears of the pet. Bald patches appear near the bunny's ears, as the animal itches all the time. In the ears formed sukrovitsa, brown coating, changing the color of sulfur. Read more in the article "Treatment of the ear mite in a rabbit." The disease is also called psoroptosis.
Fleas and rabbit syphilis
Fleas in rabbits are rare and alone are not to blame for hair loss. However, cats and dogs that go outside can infect eagles. At first, no symptoms, except for a slight itch, are not observed. Then, if you do not get rid of parasites, they can cause an allergy in an animal. Because of this, hair falls out and bald spots appear. Another danger of fleas is that they spread the infectious disease myxomatosis.
Rabbit syphilis, or spirochetosis is a common problem. The disease has a long incubation period, and the first symptoms are noticeable in the external genitals. The skin around them and near the anus reddens, inflamed, the hair falls out, eventually blisters appear. Sometimes similar skin changes appear around the eyes and on the back.
As a rule, the disease makes itself felt in the cold season. A sick animal requires immediate treatment. You need to contact your veterinarian and carry out all tests before starting the fight with spirochetosis.
Similar symptoms in rabbit pox. The animal has a crust on the genitals, around the eyes, on the lips. Usually, the visible signs of the disease go away after a few months, or weeks, but you still need to treat the rabbit.
Ringworm and its varieties
Ringworm is a generic name for fungal diseases caused by several pathogens. They can hit both agricultural and ornamental rabbit.
Ringworm, or trichophytosis - one of these ailments. The fungus is borne by rodents, dogs, cats, people. In a sick rabbit, the wool breaks and climbs, forming bald areas with clear boundaries. Scabs, nodules filled with pus appear on them. Usually, the back of an animal suffers most.
The second disease is microsporia. The fungus perfectly survives in the fresh air, on the street, from where it enters the house and the farm. Infected rabbits appear bald spots on the body. Animals comb them, so the spots are often covered with a dry crust. The skin on the edges of the spot slightly swollen, reddened. Usually, the fungus is localized on the back, nose, head and withers.
Scab - the most dangerous fungal disease, as it penetrates into the deeper layers of the skin. Decorative rabbits practically do not get sick, since the main carriers are rats and mice. For the farm, the disease can be a big problem.
Pea-sized formations covered with a dense crust concentrate on the paws, ears, head, under the neck, on the back. If the crust is torn off, under it will be wet skin without hair and a hollow. You will also smell decomposition. During the treatment, the participation of a veterinarian is necessary
Rabbit fur gnawing
Sometimes you can understand why rabbits go bald simply by watching them. Do not be surprised to see that the animal eats its own wool or nibbles a neighbor. This happens for various reasons.
The first is closeness. Rabbits do not like crowding, lack of shelter. They start to get nervous, they bite their own wool or the fellows' fur. Rabbits can also do this by biting their mother.
The second reason is sexual aggression in males. During periods of sexual activity, they often bite females or rivals. Sometimes they pull out whole shreds of wool.
Oddly enough, rabbits can chew on wool because of boredom.
If there is no room in the cage to warm up and nothing more to occupy the teeth, the animals begin to have fun nibbling themselves and other rabbits.
Self-eating can be caused by severe stress or pain, so if more spacious cages and walking do not help, you should show the animal to a veterinarian. You may need to treat an internal disease or give a rabbit a sedative. By the way, stress itself can cause hair loss.
Other causes of wool loss
If the pet's skin is bald in some places, and no diseases were found, it may be that other rabbits offend him. Usually they arrange fights when the owner is not around. Unsterilized and undastrated individuals are especially warlike. Inspect the balding rabbit. If scratches or scars are found, remove it from the rest.
When poor content in animals often begins urinary dermatitis. Urine dries on wool, skin and, due to the salts it contains, irritates the surface. The result is inflammation and loose hair in the groin area, abdomen. The worst thing with this long-haired rabbits. So the purity of the cell must be carefully monitored.
Local baldness can be a reaction to the injection. This happens if you are allergic to the drug or misdiagnosed. Optional symptoms will occur immediately. It may take up to two weeks after the injection, and only then you will see that the rabbit has wool. If there is inflammation at the site or the temperature of the animal has risen, immediately call a veterinarian.
In addition, the fur in rabbits can fall out against the background of viral, bacterial infections.
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