Wild bees in comparison with domesticated brethren are more efficient and endurance. These insects have good health and adapt well to different weather conditions. And now we will talk not only about the way they live, but also about how to get rid of them if they bother you.
Today in nature there are over 20 thousand species of bees, not a small proportion of them are wild species. Like homemade honey insects, almost all of them perform the function of pollinators. Wild species can exist in public formations of 10 or more thousand individuals, but most often they are organized into semi-social families. Their colonies are relatively small, and the number of working individuals rarely exceeds 20. Such families usually live only 1 year.
There are also some types of semi-social bees, in colonies of which there may be about 100 individuals. At the same time they are able to live several seasons. However, unlike commercial species, wild live not only large families, but there are single bees. They do not produce honey, but are good pollinators.
As a result of human intervention in nature, namely, due to deforestation and general urbanization, wild bees began to die out. Today they are considered a rare species, and are listed in the Red Book.
Appearance and character
In appearance, wild individuals also differ from economic ones. The color of these bees is monotonous and more muffled in shade, which can be seen both in the photo and in the video. On their body there are no such bright yellow bands that are inherent in their family counterparts. But on the chest there is a shell, and the rear wings are slightly shorter than the front ones. Also, if we compare them with "domestic" workers, they have a more luxuriant hair covering, which protects them in harsh winter conditions.
If we talk about wild honey plants, their back part contains black and yellow stripes. The paws are wide and flat, covered with thick hair for collecting pollen. These bees have a well developed language, which is called the proboscis. With it, the insect produces nectar. Such workers are very similar to many breeds of domestic bees.
As for the appearance, wild bees are small. Their little body more elongated, rather large head. Size ranges from 2.1 mm for a dwarf species and on average up to 3.2 mm. It is worth noting that the largest bees live in Indonesia. The length of their body can reach 39 mm, and the wingspan is 63 mm.
The eyes are arranged in such a way that all sides of the world get into the review of the bee, and the organ of vision remains absolutely still. As for the character, the wild individuals are more vicious and aggressive than the domestic ones. The sting is a defensive weapon - the modified structure of the glands. It is in bee-maids and workers. When she feels in danger, she applies the sting.
The wild bee can even activate its defensive "instrument" because of its strong smell or noise.
Way of life
Wild workers live in nests. For their formation, they choose hollow trees or create them on the branches. Another place to live may be crevices of rocks, depressions in the ground, any places protected from wind and cold, as in the video. The basis of the nest are honeycombs, which are mounted vertically. Public species are grouped into large families, which helps them to successfully survive the winter.
Honeycombs amaze with their architectural features. The cells have a hexagonal shape. And, despite the fact that they have thin walls, these cameras are able to withstand a weight in excess of 5 kg. For the formation of honeycombs insects use a waxy substance secreted by older members of the bee family. Nests are usually built near the reservoir, especially in hot and arid regions.
Every year, the populations of wild honey plants are decreasing, as there is less and less space for their successful habitat. Bees adapted for life not at home, value freedom most of all, therefore it is not so easy to keep their populations by artificial means. However, people have learned to make special beehives that meet the requirements of wild insects. The boards are formed in the trunks of trees and placed in special protected areas. In Russia, for example, Burzyansky Reserve in Bashkiria became home to wild workers.
Airborne helps both to preserve species of wild bees, and to control their population, as well as being an important source of valuable “wild” honey. In the distant past, this product was mined in a barbaric way, ruining the nests of workers. But today, their protection and protection are the main task of a separate branch of beekeeping - beekeeping. About it, as well as how to create the boards can be found in our previous publications. There you will find useful videos and photos.
Honey of wild laborers is considered to be a rather rare species, therefore it is of special value for humanity. It has healing properties, since its maturation occurs without the intervention of people. Due to the fact that honey manages to fully ripen, unlike the product extracted from the hive of domestic bees, it contains more nutrients and vitamins. It has a delicate smoky flavor, has a dark brown shade. The composition has a large amount of wax and pollen.
Honey wild bees for their healing qualities especially valued in alternative medicine. It helps to cope with sore throat, flu, bronchitis and many other ailments. Apitherapists call it a panacea for all modern diseases. Even traditional medicine successfully uses it to strengthen the protective functions of the body.
Extracted wild honey from the sides, by extracting the comb. Printing of combs is carried out manually, which allows you to save all the enzymes in it. Be sure that the product is collected with wooden objects and stored exclusively in either clay or wooden vessels. When collecting honey, the beekeeper always carefully treats the house of insects, carefully removing the honeycomb, he leaves some of it intact. This is a reserve for winter workers, because honey is their main food, without which they will not survive.
How to get rid?
There are such cases that wild guests are too close to residential buildings, settling in business areas. Of course, very few people like this neighborhood, so the question arises - how to catch and remove insects correctly. In this case it is better, of course, to take the help of specialists. But if there is no such possibility, then you can get rid of the uninvited guests yourself.
Do not use poison-chemical preparations to combat wild bees. This not only destroys a rare species, but also adversely affects our flora. After all, bees are pollinators, they can spread poisons to rural lands or among themselves. Therefore, only humane methods, namely, catching unexpected guests, should be used.
Best of all, as practice shows, to use the hive bait. To do this, fit any empty boxes or wooden barrels. They need to be located near the location of the swarm and hide in the branches or bushes. In order to entice insects to new housing, you will need to apply uterine pheromones or lemongrass oil. The selected substance must be dripped into the bait evidence and wait for the bees to settle in a new place.
As soon as you see that the swarm has populated your bait, it is worth taking them. To do this, first of all it is necessary to prepare special devices, namely:
- protective clothing;
- sprayer filled with insect repellent;
- durable gloves;
- large size bag;
- special mesh for the face.
First you should fumigate the hive with smoke. This will disarm the bees, they will become lethargic, which will facilitate further action. Then the imaginary hive must be carefully put in a bag or covered with it and tied so that the angry workers will not take revenge for your anxiety. Now the bag must be carried away from places where people rest and live. At a suitable place, the bag must be untied and, if possible, removed the hive, constantly fumigating it with a smoke.
Photo GalleryPhoto 1. Bee close up Photo 2. Roy settled on a tree Photo 3. Insect pollinates flowers Photo 4. Insect head close up
Video "Wild Bees Nest"
In this roltke you can see an unusual housing option that the bee family chose for itself.