Why do lactic acid need rabbits, when, how and how much to give it, what are the contraindications to its use - you will learn about it from this article. Breeders have long used various biologically active food additives to achieve certain goals. Some of them are synthesized in production, and some are natural. One of the most popular in all branches of animal husbandry is lactic acid. Use it in rabbit breeding.
Description of the substance and scope
Lactic acid (lactate) is a yellowish liquid that does not have a pronounced smell and has a sour taste. The substance is easily soluble in water, alcohol, ether and glycerin. It is formed as a result of the digestion of glucose from sugar-containing products by lactic acid bacteria. It is distinguished by souring and salting vegetables, protecting the workpiece from mold.
Anti-mold and antifungal properties of lactic acid are widely used in the production of food products, including those intended for baby food.
In rabbit breeding it is used as an antimicrobial and anti-ferment preparation, which is given to rabbits with food. The use of antiseptic properties of the substance is also common. Aqueous solution of lactate can be used to treat places where livestock are kept, troughs and drinkers, tools to care for cages.
Why do rabbits need lactic acid
Now let's look at the significance of lactic acid for rabbits and how to give it to these animals. Apply the substance can be as an additive to food or water - inside, and externally, externally.
Lactic (hydroxypropionic) acid is an organic substance that does not have, if properly used, any negative effects and side effects.
The main reason for using lactic acid for rabbits on farms and private households is its effect on digestion and on the condition of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
While eating roughage, animals may suffer from bloating. These problems can be avoided if the rabbits are given lactic acid. It is usually added to food or drink.
The use of lactate by rabbits has a beneficial effect on their general condition: food is digested faster and more fully. The digestion of coarse parts of feed is stimulated, and the vital energy of the animals increases.
In addition, the addition of lactic acid to food corrects reproductive possibilities, increasing sexual activity in males and females.
Internal and external use of lactate
The method of internal use of lactate is often prophylactic. Hydroxypropionic acid protects against gastrointestinal dysfunction and stimulates the growth of muscle weight. Easily and without side effects suppresses harmful microflora, protects against parasitic invasions and viruses. She is treated for trichomoniasis, coccidiosis, flatulence, flatulence.
Additionally, read the article "Symptoms and treatment of coccidiosis in rabbits."
With external, external use, lactic acid is suitable for the care of damaged areas of the skin and mucous membranes. The substance easily overcomes the epidermal barrier, being actively involved in the regenerative process and contributing to the rapid healing of wounds.
And besides, a concentrated aqueous solution of lactate is an excellent antiseptic. Without any fear, it can be used for treating cells, even with the rabbits inside them.
Release form and specifications
In pharmacies or veterinary points of sale can be found two types of lactic acid. It is produced in various concentrations - 40% and 80%.
Capacity varies from 10 to 1000 ml. The storage conditions of the substance are available to every breeder: for this it is necessary to remove the bottle with lactate in a dark place inaccessible to children. The temperature at which lactate will retain its beneficial properties should not exceed 45 degrees and fall below 30 degrees Celsius.
The price for 100 ml of 40% lactic acid is within 100 rubles.
The safe shelf life of hydroxypropionic acid is 10 years. Therefore, having bought once a large amount, the farmer can be sure that the product will not lose its therapeutic and antiseptic properties for a long time.
In rabbit breeding, aqueous solutions of lactate are used. Moreover, the concentration and dosage of the substance for internal and external use will be different.
Instructions for preventive use inside
Pure lactate can not be given to animals. The internal method involves the mandatory dilution in drinking water to the required concentration.
The prophylactic dose of hydroxypropionic acid per rabbit is 4 ml of a 2% solution. Such an amount is sufficient to protect eared birds from viruses and parasitic invasions. It should be given within 5 days in a row at the beginning of the spring-autumn season.
You can prepare 2% concentration as follows: when using 80% lactic acid in 100 ml of water, add 2.5 ml of acid, if the substance is 40%, then it is necessary to 5 ml per 100 ml of water.
For the prevention of coccidiosis, baby rabbits are recommended to drink the drug for 45 days. Prepare a prophylactic drink to the following way: 2 tbsp. spoon 40% lactate per 10 liters of water. The same concentration is sufficient for adults.
Rabbit food can be disinfected. The concentration of acid varies from 1 to 4%. The treatment is carried out in a ratio of 0.5 ml per 1 kg of feed.
Instructions for medical use inside
Lactic acid can cope with some diseases of rabbits. With the medical purpose of baby rabbits, 5% of the solutions (4 ml) should be drunk.
Dilute to get 5% concentration should be as follows: for 100 ml of water, take 6.25 ml of 80% lactic acid or 12.5 ml of 40%. Treat this solution should be before the disappearance of the symptoms of the disease once a day.
If there are signs of flatulence, bloating (timpanii), fermentation in the intestines of animals also need to drink a 5% solution of lactate (4 ml).
Acid acts on the sphincters of the stomach and intestines relaxingly, while the pathogenic microflora is suppressed. Harmful decomposition products of organic substances in the digestive tract are then formed to a much lesser extent.
Concentrated 5% solution is necessary for the treatment of such ailments as:
The therapeutic method of internal use in each case can be described by a veterinarian.
Instructions for external use
Lactate has a drying, disinfecting effect, can destroy the cornified layer of the epidermis. Therefore, it can be used for the treatment of corns, warts, keratinization, ulcers on the mucous membranes and skin.
For cauterization of ulcers, take a 10-40% solution to remove horniness and neoplasms - 20-50%, to get rid of corns on the legs of a rabbit or warts - 10-30%. Different types of dermatosis are treated with a 10% solution.
As a disinfectant, the drug is used in 20% concentration. It is sprayed during the epidemic. In large farms, air humidifiers are used, on small farms they boil and disperse steam with a fan for half an hour. After that, the rabbitry is aired, and the feeders and drinkers are thoroughly washed.
To obtain a solution, mix 2 tbsp. spoons 40% of the drug with 10 liters of water.
Disinfect once a year. Treat the cells for queens 10 days before bout and after jigging.
Lactic acid is a completely natural substance. Even in high concentrations, if the instructions are followed, it is safe, so there are practically no contraindications.
However, we must understand that this is acid. If the rabbits have an acute stage of gastritis, acidosis, renal failure or moist ulcers, it cannot be used. Since the acid-base balance is disturbed in excess of such diseases in the body, the introduction of an acidic substance can aggravate the condition.
The best way to pinpoint the need for use, concentration and dosage of lactic acid for your rabbits is to get your vet's appointment.
Please write in the comments how you use lactic acid. Do you give it to rabbits or disinfect cells with it?
If the article was useful, please put the likes.