In place of the traditional bulky evidence came new, more mobile and light. They are easier to look after, and their productive performance is just as good. One of the most popular are the hive beeboxes, but other types are also good, for example, Apiruss. In our article you will find information about several types of hives at once and you will be able to decide for yourself which construction is best for your apiary.
Finnish evidence Bibox
Already from the name it is clear that the hive box was designed in Finland. The name consists of two words: bee and box, which literally translates as "bee and box". The advantage of such boxes is that they are made of heat-saving materials, so they can easily withstand frosty winters.
As a rule, Finnish biboxes are made from expanded polystyrene, which, unlike wood, has significantly less weight. Their weight is only 10 kg, while wooden counterparts weigh about 35 kg. Styrofoam does not absorb moisture and does not swell, so removable parts can be rearranged from one box to another. There is no condensation inside it, so you will be relieved from unnecessary trouble, and the bees from additional stress. Another distinctive feature of the bee box is the complete resistance of the body and parts to fungi, mold and other microorganisms.
It may immediately seem that the polystyrene foam from which the bi-box is made is very fragile. This is not at all the case. In fact, the minimum density of the hull is 100 kg / m3, which allows it to cope with falls and withstand shocks without any problems. The bottom of the bibox can withstand a uniform load of up to 200 kg.
Deck of Combi
The best option for the new apiary will be hives in the form of a deck. To date, there are combi evidence on the basis of this principle. If you want to make it yourself, then as a basis it is better to take the classic Dadan hive, and already under its framework to make the body look like a deck.
As you have already understood, the material of the Kombi deck is radically different from the Finnish bibox. All the details of this design are made of wood, and elements of expanded polystyrene can only be used as a heater. In fact, the Kombi deck can also be called a kind of "bee box", because these very "bi", that is, the bees, feel great inside it.
Hives by type deck Kombi - one of the safest for humans. Conditions in them are as close to natural as possible. Even when pumping honey, contact with the bees is minimized, so the box with the nesting compartment is separate from the frames located in the deck itself.
As for the advantages, the Kombi deck takes up very little space, so the apiary can be placed in a small area. In addition, the bees inside the deck perfectly tolerate the winter and do not fly out in the spring before the allotted time.
Apyruss to help beginners
Apyrus hives are made in Russia. They are a multi-component structure, all parts of which are made of foam. At first glance, one may doubt the reliability of Apiruss, but in practice these hives show themselves quite well. The walls of the Apiruss body have a good density, so the bees cannot bite through or damage them.
The signs are very warm and do not need shelter for the winter. Apiruss’s foam box is very light and easy to move from place to place, so there will be no problems with transportation. Another advantage can be safely called ease of assembly and low cost, so Apiruss is the perfect solution for beginners.
One of the most natural boxes for bees is the Kenyan hive. For the first time they started talking about him back in the 16th century, but after that he lost a little of his popularity. For quite some time now the Kenyan box is actively used by beekeepers of the USA. Its design can hardly be called perfect, but there are much more positive moments in it. First of all, it is worth noting the low cost, high ergonomics and simplicity. The beekeeper has more opportunities to observe the swarm, as a result of which he can identify and eliminate the problem in time.
As for the minuses, the most important can be called a difficult struggle with the mite Varroa. Finding it, the body of evidence is difficult to handle, from which striped workers can seriously suffer. Another drawback is the poor performance of the Kenyan hives. This design can not boast of the indicators of top hives, so it is used mainly in small farms.
The Kenyan type of the hive is a rectangular lounger about one and a half meters long. It can hold from 30 to 40 frames, but their size is slightly smaller than that of conventional hives. The popularity of such hives in beginner beekeepers due to their low cost.
Cassette - an unusual solution for many buildings
Cassette hives did not appear by chance, but due to the persistent desire of beekeepers to defeat various diseases. Many experts have come to the conclusion that in the evidence of the traditional type of the disease arise precisely because of their design. Let's take a closer look at what is the difference between the cassette evidence from the same box or apyruss?
The body of cassette evidence is made of well-dried pine. The thickness of the walls is almost 3-4 times less than usual - about 7 mm. This made it possible to significantly reduce the gas exchange of the structure, without greatly changing the strength parameters of the finished structure.
The main difference between cassette evidence is that the body of the box does not need staining. This procedure (by the way, mandatory for most others) replaces wall soaking with wax, preheated with a construction hair dryer to 600 ° C. Such a high temperature allows the wax to penetrate deep into the pores of the wood, reliably clogging them. A strong film is formed on the outer surface of the evidence, which does not let in moisture, bacteria, or pathogens. This is the main advantage of cassette evidence.
The disadvantages include poor resistance to cold. Because of the thin walls, the bees are exposed to the negative effects of cold, so the cassette beehives for the winter must be cleaned in a winter house and additionally warmed.
Which of these types of hives do you find more acceptable for a modern apiary?Poll
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