If the rabbit has a wet muzzle, this may mean that the animal is infected with infectious stomatitis - a bum midge. The disease begins with inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth and is accompanied by a constant release of saliva. From this, the hair at the chin gets wet. The disease most quickly affects the rabbits in the first 3 months after birth and may result in the death of the brood. How to protect the livestock from the disease, to identify the symptoms and how to treat the sick, learn from this article.
What is lice and what are its symptoms
Viral disease of rabbits - infectious stomatitis (lice, wood lice) - more often affects rabbits aged 1 to 3 months. The disease begins with the appearance of inflammation on the mucous membrane of the tongue or in the mouth of an infected animal. You can notice it on a light patina, the color of which varies from whitish to gray-red.
Sick spots itch, from which rabbits scratch their paws, so ulcers develop into sores. Characterized by frequent changes in body temperature of the animal.
The body begins to secrete more saliva. From excessive drooling, the fur on the face of an infected rabbit gets wet. Most often, patients can observe a wet nose, moisture around the mouth, a wet chin and neck. It is painful to chew and swallow him, which clearly gives way to a sound while eating.
If time does not begin treatment, the behavior of the animal will begin to change. The rabbit will prefer to sit in the corner, keep clear, while constantly rubbing the face with the paws.
The animal will relinquish the pain from the feed, which can lead to a severe form, accompanied by additional symptoms: lethargy, apathy to the food and loose stools.
Sources and causes of infection
The causative agent of infection that causes rabbit disease may be contained in a dormant state in saliva, blood or urine.
The virus is transmitted at the time of direct contact of the animal mucosa with an infected medium. Rabbits can lick infectious fluids or inhale virus-containing dust.
The most common route of infection with biting midge is from a sick rabbit. An infected mother can give birth to an already infected young. When an epidemic occurs in the rabbitcher, the children who have just been excommunicated from the rabbit are at risk, but they may also get sick and are still feeding.
Most often, rabbits fall ill in the autumn-spring period. This is due to seasonal weakening of the immune system, temperature fluctuations and an interseasonal increase in humidity from precipitation. Indirectly, the spread of ailments, including infectious stomatitis (brat), is affected by an increase in livestock and overcrowding.
Forms of the disease
Mockrets in rabbits can occur in mild or severe forms.
In mild form, animals almost do not lose weight. Itching and pain bothers them a little, so they do not refuse to eat. Mucous ulcers are shallow, saliva production is minimal. To determine this form of the disease in a rabbit, you can still as a nose - it becomes warm and soft. Those with a mild form of stomatitis recover quickly, but the treatment of their oral cavity is required.
Severe disease lasts up to one and a half weeks. With timely initiated therapy, animals can be cured. But if you start the disease, then after a week the infected rabbits die.
Determine the disease at this stage can be not only in appearance, but also by the behavior of animals. Salivation in patients with abundant. Rabbits move a little, become clogged in a corner of the cage, constantly moving their lips. The ulcers on their mucous membranes are deep and painful, so the animals do not touch the food, as a result of which they start to suffer from diarrhea and lose weight.
Security Measures for Infection Detection
If you notice that rabbits have a wet face, a number of measures are worth taking. Be sure to consider suspicious individuals.
Externally, the condition of diseased rabbits may resemble a runny nose. The nose and the area around the mouth of animals infected with infectious stomatitis are usually wet.
Consider carefully the mucous membranes in the mouth of such animals. If there are sores, it is an alarm signal.
Now let's say what to do when the first infected rabbit is detected. Without delay, you need:
- to separate the patient from the rest of the livestock;
- start treatment, including all individuals who were close to the patient;
- change the diet of infected rabbits for soft food: milk, yogurt, liquid porridge from boiled potatoes and soaked mixed feed;
- to thoroughly clean and disinfect cells.
How to treat mokrets in a rabbit, we will tell further.
Treatment of ulcers in infectious stomatitis
The most effective tool is a 2% aqueous solution of copper sulfate (copper sulfate). For its preparation, a non-metallic container is needed, in which 200 g of powder is first diluted in 3 liters of hot water at about 50 degrees. After complete dissolution of the crystals, add another 7 liters of water. Thus, we take 10 liters of water for 200 g of copper sulfate.
In order to get a smaller volume of liquid the same concentration, stick to this proportion, for example, per 100 g of powder - 5 l of water or 50 g - 2.5 l.
Using a cotton swab, lubricate the prepared solution sores. It is good even to douche the mouth of patients twice a day.
The affected areas: the nostrils, the lips, the area under the jaw - can also be cleaned daily and irrigate the oral cavity with a 0.1% aqueous solution of potassium permanganate. In order not to burn the rabbit mucous membrane, the concentration of potassium permanganate should be weak, light pink in color.
Medical care for infectious stomatitis
Treatment of a rabbit will be more successful if local antiseptics are applied. Well proved ordinary streptotsid. It should be poured into 0.2 g in the mouth of sick individuals for three days.
The required single dose of medication is contained in half a streptocide pill. Spread it before use. Make the first day twice, with an interval of 10-12 hours. Then once a day is enough.
In severe form, rabbit treatment includes additional medications. More often than others, penicillin is prescribed as an intramuscular or subcutaneous injection, and oral administration of the solution is also allowed. The dosage is prescribed by a veterinarian.
The antibiotic "Biomitsin" can be inserted into the oral cavity of 0.02 g. The antibacterial drug Sulfadimezin is instilled in 0.2 g each.
Often, oral treatment with penicillin ointment, lanolin, or petroleum jelly is prescribed.
Also irrigate the affected parts with Lugol spray up to three times per day.
Rehabilitation of recovering rabbits
After the treatment, as soon as the wet face heals in rabbits, it is impossible to transplant them directly into the common cell. They need careful monitoring to prevent re-infection.
When transferred severe form of infectious stomatitis, the appearance of a recovered rabbit can still be unsightly for a long time. The mass of such individuals is usually significantly reduced; there can be prunes on the body, and hair in the area of the mouth and neck can be found in clumps of glued hairs.
Until the full recovery of the health of the rabbits, they should be fed with a mushy feed, gradually adding to it small, and in a few days larger, chopped vegetables. Then fresh greens or hay.
Carefully inspect the new offspring within one and a half to two weeks after the removal of quarantine. It is possible to combine recovered rabbits with the rest of the population when their appearance and ability to eat solid food is fully restored.
It is not recommended to use females who have had biting midge in reproductive production.
How to protect rabbits from brat
To prevent the spread of any infection, including snapper, it is necessary to constantly apply a number of preventive measures.
First of all, there must be purity in the rabbit's cells and queen cells. Fecal matter and urine that are not cleaned for a long time is a direct threat to the life and health of the livestock. Clean the cages daily. Regularly clean feeders and drinkers - at least 2-3 times a week. Disinfect once or twice a month.
Keep your inventory and tools clean. To disinfect shoes, make a disinfectant barrier before entering the rabbit. Place a small square groove in front of the door outside and add lime to it.
Remember that too close cages can cause loss of livestock. Stick to the recommended parameters: for one adult rabbit should be 0.5-0.7 square meters. m cell.
Food and drink should be fresh and nutritious. In the spring and autumn period, 1-2 drops of iodine per 10 liters of water can be added to the water. Use non-metallic drinkers for this.
All of the above recommendations are relevant to the good condition of animals. In the article “Why rabbits sneeze,” you can familiarize yourself with other types of ailments and learn how to fight them.
Tell us, what methods of treatment of biting midge in rabbits have you used?
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