All the subtleties and features of care for the bees in the winter


Many beekeepers believe that with the advent of winter cold, care for striped insects ceases. Especially this opinion is common among those whose wards spend the winter on the street. But is it really so? What kind of care bees require in February, January and December we learn from the article.

Where winter

There can only be two options. The first is the wintering of bees in winter houses. The second - under the open sky, that is, on the street. By the second method can also be attributed to the roof of the house, in the basement or under a canopy. Then, for any of the methods of wintering should prepare insects in the fall. Autumn work and revision of the apiary is intended for this.

How do bees spend the winter?

It is well known that with the onset of cold weather insects gather in a heap inside the hive. Thus, the bees in the winter warm themselves and this helps them survive the most severe frosts. Then, in the middle or end of winter, the uterus begins to lay eggs. Then the whole family starts moving. After some time, the family will need a cleansing fly-through, but it already belongs to the spring works.

Do I need to do any work?

The answer of most beekeepers will be negative, but in reality they are far from the truth. Beekeeping requires constant care and insect control, even in winter. Experienced and responsible beekeepers are well aware of this. After all, the correct wintering of bees predetermines the strength and rapid development of families in the spring. And now, in more detail about what, how and when you need to do in the apiary in the winter with different types of wintering.


As already mentioned, it doesn’t matter where the bees spend the winter, in the wintering hut or on the street. Works on the apiary in this colder season are obligatory. By doing everything correctly and in time, you can protect yourself from the significant loss of insects and save the lion’s share of families for the spring. In this case, all insects will be healthy and will appreciate the rapid development of the family.

Care requirements

For optimally comfortable wintering, insects need not so much. All care is to follow three simple rules in beekeeping:

  1. Observance of optimum temperature. Excessive hypothermia as well as heat are harmful. But we must remember that the heat hurts more than the cold.
  2. Less light and noise. Insects are very sensitive to noise in the cold season. Excessive noise, vibrations, light, etc. will surely cause insects to crawl out, where they will quickly die.
  3. If a family becomes restless, then you need to quickly take action to calm her down. Otherwise, in the middle of winter, it will disturb the others and then problems will not turn around.

As you can see, there is nothing complicated. It is quite easy to follow these three rules, the main thing is to know how to act in each situation and wintering the bees will not give you any particular trouble.


Caring for bees that overwinter in a zimovnik is almost the same as caring for those who are put into the attic, basement or under a shed for the winter. The only thing that is important to consider is, if necessary, additional weatherization of hives in the latter versions. After all, the winter house itself should be well insulated and it should be a good insulation. But, for example, the attic or carport is not always warmed and there are always low temperatures there. And then you should take care of additional hive insulation.

Keeping the right temperature

At once, we say that the optimum temperature for insects in the winter-house during wintering, for different designs of hives is different. So, for open-type structures, it will be + 4-6 degrees Celsius. For structures of closed type, the temperature range can be lowered from 0 to +3 degrees. It should be remembered that the water delivered to the bees should not freeze.

Also, experts in beekeeping recommend that when using closed-type hives to keep the temperature in the winter ground slightly lower than 0, namely -5-6 degrees Celsius. Such a temperature does not harm the insects, but, on the contrary, will contribute to the formation of dew inside the hives. Thus, in addition to water the bees will no longer need.

The best indicator of insects' good condition will be their buzzing. If it is monotonous and almost inaudible, then everything is in order. With a strong buzz, you should start worrying. It indicates overheating of striped insects. The only sure method of dealing with overheating is cooling. Then we offer to watch the video and find out how the bees behave in the winter and how to conduct their winter inspection.

Light, noise, vibration

Such factors as noise, bright light, vibration can serve as another factor for the early departure of bees from the hives, followed by their death. Therefore, in the winter and near it should be as quiet as possible. To do this, it is necessary to pour sand around the winter house so that the beekeeper’s steps can be heard. You must also enter the winter house quietly and not use bright lanterns. It is recommended to smoke the glass of the flashlight so that the outgoing light is not very bright.

The best option would be to use red lamps, because the bees do not see the red light. Further, it is necessary to carry out measures to combat rodents.

Soothe noisy families

A very noisy family is an indicator that something has disturbed her. The best and fastest option is to cool the hive and the winter house itself. In the first embodiment, you should carefully go into the room, without noise and excessive bright light to close all the gaps. Next, we make a noisy family on the street and open tap-holes. When the bees calm down, you can bring the hive back.

And so that the rest of the families would not rustle, we ventilate and cool the room itself. At the same time it is necessary to open the doors and all the vents. It is desirable not to make noise. Allowing daylight inside the room is absolutely not recommended. Bees should overwinter in absolute darkness. To do this, it is recommended to cool the winter house in the evening or at night. At the same time of the day, the room should be cooled during the thaw.

Very important! A slightly low temperature does not harm strong and medium-sized families and, in addition, provides them with a constant source of water in the form of condensate drops. Excessive heat will damage all bees. As a result, early flight, illness and great mortality. So the conclusions on the face!


The wintering of bees on the street provides for good warming of hives, as well as their protection from the wind. Letters in such hives always stand ajar. In warm weather, bees fly free on a cleaning flight. In the frost, when the hearth freezes, it is not necessary to touch it before the thaw, and when it comes, it should be cleaned. If the hives are covered up, do not rush to sweep away the snow. It does not harm the bees, and it should also be cleaned during warming.

If the family inside the hive has become restless, then you need to cool it. To do this, the entrance is fully opened and several additional holes are cleaned. When the bees calm down we return everything to its place. With regard to noise, pests, etc., then the requirements are the same as for wintering in the wagon.

How many times can you visit?

You can visit insects in the winter from several times a month to a couple of times a day. The only thing to consider is the basic requirements for proper wintering. That is, as little noise and light as possible. From myself, we add that the more often you visit your wards, the sooner you identify and correct the unwanted factors that have been created.

Job calendar


At the end of November or at the beginning of December, or when it will be cold, we warm the hives that will spend the winter on the street. Also at this time carry the houses for the bees in the zimnik.


In the first few days, a check is carried out on the state of the bees by the presence of a subм Mid-end of January - the prevention of diseases and feeding.


The beginning of February is the time to feed Candy insects. Then the subnor is checked and, if available, it is sent for laboratory tests.

Video "Feeding Candy Bees"

In this video, we propose to see in detail how an experienced beekeeper will feed his striped workers with medical Candi.




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