Currently, the global economy is experiencing a process of globalization. The integration phenomenon has touched almost all areas of economic activity. This process has not bypassed the world beekeeping. What other trends are observed in this area, we learn further.
The global community carefully monitors the quality of sweet treats that go on sale. To reduce the number of counterfeit products, experts check the honey for the percentage of water, evaluate the taste. Important criteria are also the absence of pesticides, toxic substances and antibiotics in the product. Another problem in the world market is the high incidence and death of bees. Now we will take a closer look at how these tasks are handled in different countries.
The main share of the beekeeping sector in this country is occupied by amateur beekeepers. Only a small proportion of beekeepers are engaged in obtaining honey at a professional level, while the rest contain 10-20 hives in their households. This is explained by the fact that beekeeping in Germany is a disadvantage. It is much cheaper to buy imported honey, which is imported into the country from Turkey, Argentina and China.
Usually, German beekeepers use multihull wooden beehives, specially treated with a mixture of paraffin and copper. Apiaries are usually located near rapeseed, clover and raspberry plantations. After collecting the honey, it is treated in a special way: by microfiltration. Also in Germany there is a special way of wintering and protection from diseases. This method is called "Rotary beekeeping", with its features you can find on the video. (author Useful video)
Despite its small territory, this country has a large percentage of apiaries per capita. The climate zone provides favorable conditions for successful breeding of bees. At industrial apiaries, most of the processes are mechanized, which allows to obtain large volumes of the finished product. Israeli beekeeping has good government support: the Ministry even has a special department that controls the activities of beekeepers.
At the end of the honey collection, the beekeepers produce a complete replacement of the queens, in order to eliminate swarming and get healthy families next season. A good source of nectar in the country is eucalyptus. At the same time, Israeli beekeeping works exclusively on the domestic market, the import of imported honey is not allowed in the country, and it is unprofitable to export own products. What are the other features of Israeli beekeeping, learn from the following video, in the report of Nikolai Gusev.
Many experts consider Canadian beekeeping a benchmark that other beekeepers should be guided by. Canada is the leading producer of honey in the world, the productivity of bee colonies in a given country is two times higher than the world average. Even a special term is known among beekeepers: “Canadian technology”, according to which most apiaries work.
- Canadian beekeepers use rue hives with 4 or 5 buildings, and one entry located at the bottom of the hive;
- bees overwinter in one enclosure;
- in August they produce dressing with sugar syrup, which is poured into the common feeding bowl;
- before hibernation, the uterus is replaced by 80%, the remaining 20% is left for independent breeding of the uterus;
- honey is pumped out only from stores.
To have a more complete picture of how beekeeping works in Canada, we recommend watching the following video (by Mihail Sedov).
Breeding of bees in Moldova has a favorable soil, because there are many honey plants in the country. Today, the professionalism of beekeepers is growing: the owners of small and large apiaries have united into the Apis Melifera society, the scientific base is becoming stronger, and the specialists in breeding bees are trained in secondary schools.
In Moldova, they adhere to traditional methods of conducting beekeeping, in particular, well beekeeping. In the next video (the author of the PDP Happy) we will discuss this interesting way of keeping bees.
The Italians were among the first in the world to worry about honey and other products from the hive being environmentally friendly. This is how organic beekeeping originated in Italy, and its principles are still followed there. Specialists closely monitor that there are no synthetic and hazardous substances in bee products. The apiary management practices in Italy rely on reducing labor costs. More on this in the next movie (by PastuxBee).
In America, nomadic beekeeping flourishes: here it is developed on an industrial scale. The main share of beekeepers is occupied by professionals: they hire assistants, and produce large volumes of sweet product for sale. The approach to the processing of honey in Americans differs significantly from the usual methods. But it is worth noting that, in general, this activity is at a high level, constantly supported by scientific developments and innovations.
Beekeeping in Poland is paid a lot of attention, because the state in other areas of agriculture depends on the development of this industry. Beekeepers sell honey products at markets and fairs, and more professional beekeepers even export honey to Germany and America. Beekeeping associations and communities operate in the country: they help existing beekeepers, train young specialists.
In which country of the world is rotational beekeeping common?Poll