Russia is located on two parts of the world, eight time zones and several climatic zones. Such a vast territory is one of the reasons why the activity of beekeepers in different areas is radically different. Much depends on the participation of local governments, and the activity of the beekeepers themselves. Today we will look at the state of beekeeping in different parts of our country: in Chuvashia, Buryatia, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Ryazan Region, in the Kuban and in other regions of Russia.
Beekeeping of Krasnoyarsk Krai
As in the whole of Siberia, in the Krasnoyarsk Territory the breeding of bees began only 200 years ago. The climate in this region is harsh, with long winters, so beekeeping is hard and painstaking work. Medosbornogo season lasts 2-4 months, depending on weather conditions. In the Krasnoyarsk region, the Central Russian bee got accustomed well, although now amateur beekeepers import Karpatka and other breeds, thereby violating the pure breed of honey-bearing workers.
After the collapse of the USSR, the beekeeping of the Krasnoyarsk Territory fell into disrepair. Over the past decade, the number of bee colonies has decreased several times. And many beekeepers consider beekeeping to be disadvantageous, so this agricultural sector in Krasnoyarsk has enough problems. However, in the region a law on beekeeping has been adopted, there are apiaries that are engaged in breeding, as well as courses for those who want to learn this craft.
Unique honey of the Irkutsk region
Beekeeping in the Irkutsk region is profitable. According to experts, the honey in the region is enough for local buyers and for export. In addition, unique plants grow here, thanks to which honey has healing properties and a special taste. Today, everything depends on the fact that imported honey is more popular among the residents of the Irkutsk region: well-known Bashkir and Altai.
I must say that in the Irkutsk region there is no centralized state support. Therefore, one of the tasks of Irkutsk beekeepers can be called the promotion of their own honey. Local beekeepers revived the community of beekeepers. Experts say that the number of bee colonies in the region is growing every year. So this region has good prospects for the development of this industry. The following video is about how honey is harvested in Irkutsk (by Ivan Shadrin).
The beekeepers of the Ulyanovsk region are incredibly lucky: they are actively interested in their activities at the state level. Local authorities are going to adopt a regional law regulating the activities of apiaries. Another impetus to the development of beekeeping has given rise to ecotourism in the region.
In the Ulyanovsk region they plan to open several national parks, which will be listed as specially protected objects of the biosphere.
One of the directions of ecotourism will be the sale of local natural products, including honey and its derivatives. Fortunately, the climatic conditions of the Ulyanovsk region are optimal for the development of the honey business. A large honey collection period and an abundance of honey plants make it possible to collect enough honey for the season. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, the number of apiaries and beekeepers in the region is growing rapidly, which gives hope for the large-scale development of the industry.
Honey business of the Ryazan region
This region is called the typical beekeeping center. In the Ryazan region, this industry is developing at a high level. For local beekeepers there is an opportunity to learn, improve their skills, meet with colleagues and scientists. There is a research institute in the region that works with bees, and a museum of beekeeping is open with it. Also in the Ryazan Territory, at the Agrotechnological University, the Academy of Beekeeping is open, where not only the technology of keeping bees is taught, but also the basics of apitherapy.
There is also a large regional association of beekeepers in the region. The community "Ryazan Bee" is engaged in the popularization of handicrafts, helps newcomers to master the profession, participates in training. Also, this organization is engaged in the procurement and marketing of honey products, which greatly facilitates the life of Ryazan beekeepers.
The abundance of honey plants of the Ryazan region provides fertile ground for beekeeping. It is interesting that a special subspecies of the Central Russian bee, the Prioksky, is common here, combining the best qualities of the Central Russian and Caucasian breeds. These bees are less susceptible to swarming and are quieter than their other counterparts, however, they tolerate the wintering conditions of the Ryazan region. There is also a demand for Krainka - see the following video about the behavior of this breed (the author is Beekeeping. Video on beekeeping).
Beekeepers of the Novosibirsk Region
Beekeeping in the Novosibirsk region has favorable conditions for development: good honey plants, large areas of fields and meadows with grasses. The industry also receives support at the regional level. The Ministry of Agriculture of the Novosibirsk Region provides an opportunity to get everything you need to practice beekeeping.
The Novosibirsk Region regularly holds meetings of the Beekeeper Society. They discuss current problems, help young beekeepers to master the craft, they get acquainted with new methods of breeding bees and processing honey. It has become a tradition to hold the Honey Beehive bee products fair, where local and visiting beekeepers present their products.
The first apiaries in Omsk and the Omsk region appeared only at the end of the XIX century. Beekeeping in the region is quite difficult. Harsh climatic conditions affect not only the wintering of insects, but also the yield of plants-melliferous. Nevertheless, honey fairs and agro-industrial festivals are held in the Omsk Region, where apiary materials are also presented. Omsk honey, although inferior in the amount of collection, has excellent quality and taste, which is regularly confirmed by the participants of the festivals.
In Chuvashia, there is a republican program to support beekeeping. Thanks to the attention of local authorities, beekeepers in different districts of Chuvashia receive assistance in purchasing equipment and medicines for bees. This program is long-term, and covers all aspects of apicultural activities: they train specialists, improve the food base, compact existing apiaries.
The results of such active support are obvious: the number of bee colonies in Chuvashia is growing every year. The production of honey and other bee products is also increasing. And this is despite the fact that the beekeepers of Chuvashia still have some difficulties. Thus, the indiscriminate cutting down of honey-bearing trees and the neglect of agricultural fields has an effect: it becomes more difficult to ensure good honey collection. On other problems of the industry - the following video from the forum of beekeepers of Chuvashia (author Alexander Kislykh).
Kuban and Rostov apiaries
The territory of the Kuban is characterized by the predominance of the steppe area. Therefore, nomadic beekeeping is widespread in the Rostov region: without transporting apiaries, it is impossible to obtain a sufficient harvest of honey. In this region, honey collected from acacia is widespread: extensive plantings of this tree culture give a lot of bribes. Also in the Rostov region collect buckwheat and mixed herbs honey.
Apiaries of the Rostov region are one of the leading producers of bee products in the country. The warm climate and early spring allow bees to collect nectar from early spring to September. In the Kuban can be found and nomadic apiaries from other regions. It must be said that local honey also attracts with its unique composition: watch a video report about this (author of Beekeeping for everyone. Video blog).
The territory of Buryatia is located in the zone of Eastern Siberia. The climate here is unpredictable. In order not to work at a loss, beekeepers organize traveling apiaries in search of a sufficient forage base. Nevertheless, there are all conditions for the successful existence of the industry. Beekeeping in Buryatia is considered a profitable occupation.
In total in the Republic there are more than 15 thousand bee colonies. In Buryatia, both taiga and steppe honey are valued. Recently, the volume of the sweet product produced in Buryatia has increased, although the number of bee colonies has slightly decreased.
Northern honey from Karelia
Honey fishing in Karelia is underdeveloped. Although the climate is mild here, it often rains in summer, and sometimes there are frosts. Therefore, to collect a large crop of honey in Karelia is a great success. Another hindrance to the work of bees in Karelia is a large number of reservoirs. In recent years, the number of fields planted by agricultural crops has decreased.
There are a total of 2000 bee colonies in the region. At the moment, a society of beekeepers. Its members have organized their own sales channels, as well as in every way popularize the local honey. By the way, northern honey is in demand in central Russia: it is believed that its taste and medicinal qualities are stronger than those of ordinary honey. What is missing local beekeepers for complete happiness, learn from the following video (Vesti Karelia).
For some time, beekeeping in the Bryansk region was in decline. Now the honey craft in the region is gradually being revived. There are a lot of honey crops here, and experts note that honey is of high quality. In order to regulate the work of beekeepers, the administration of the region approved a regulation on a coordinating council for the development of beekeeping.
Bee business in the Tula region
Today in the field of beekeeping functions more as an amateur activity. The bulk of the small private apiaries. At the same time, they provide a good level of honey with the region, participate in fairs and exhibitions. Recently, local authorities expressed a desire to promote the work of beekeepers.
In order to develop and expand the honey industry, the Tula region created the Association of beekeepers. This organization is not commercial: its members are going to support each other, to assist colleagues and to discuss the state of growth in the region. Also in the Tula Association hold conferences and seminars, which are invited not only amateur beekeepers, but also scientists of the agro-industrial sphere.
Video "Omsk Beekeeper"
This video will tell about the activities of beekeepers in the Omsk region (the author - Beekeeping for everyone. Video blog).