Rabbitheads sometimes notice that a rabbit sneezes. A one-time phenomenon caused by short-term irritation of the nasal mucosa, does not pose any threat. But when white mucus is plentifully secreted from the animal's nose, it is worth worrying. It can be a different nature of rhinitis. The most common cause of snot is infection. But allergic reactions or injuries are not excluded.
Runny nose in rabbits can be of several types:
- cold - ailment can be triggered by a long stay of an animal under the scorching sun, in the rain, in the wind or in severe frost;
- allergic - caused by hypersensitivity reactions;
- traumatic - an animal can injure its nose in a fight or on its own negligence;
- infectious - caused by the multiplication of bacteria and viruses.
The most dangerous is rhinitis bacterial nature, it quickly spreads among the population and requires complex therapy. It is necessary to treat a runny nose, otherwise the death of the rabbit is possible.
High humidity and drafts in the room where rabbits are kept provoke inflammation of the nasal mucosa. Difficult breathing, general weakness and lack of appetite lead to a decrease in immunity. At this point, the pathogenic microflora can be activated, which is in the "sleeping" mode. And the common cold is easily complicated by infections.
An allergic rhinitis in a rabbit can be due to the increased sensitivity of the animal to various kinds of irritants - dust, harsh odors, chemicals, smoke, including nicotine.
Sometimes, figuring out the reason why a rabbit sneezes, it turns out that the cause of this modern plastic cage is light, comfortable and hygienic. Just animals vividly react to synthetic materials. In this case, the house for them is better to make of wood and metal.
The most common cause of injury to the nasal cavity in rabbits is fights between young males kept in the same area. Infected areas of the mucous membrane are easily penetrated by infections, which is what causes rhinitis.
Infectious rhinitis in rabbits can be caused by microorganisms that reside inside the animal, or by external pathogens. The second option is the most dangerous, because such a virus is infectious and can cause infection of the entire rabbit population.
Color plays a role
On the 3-5th day of development of the disease in a rabbit, snot becomes milky white. This symptom is quite dangerous because it indicates the discharge of pus in large volumes. A large amount of mucus flows out of the nose, while rabbits sneeze. What to do in this case will prompt veterinary medicine.
It is necessary to pay attention to the color of the discharge from the nose of the animal. Clear mucus in most cases indicates an allergic reaction caused by dust from hay or a chemical. Such a phenomenon, under the condition of strong immunity of the rabbit, quickly disappears without additional therapy.
White snot - a characteristic sign of the development of the virus. Pus, flowing from the nasal cavity, pollutes the animal's face, which brings him severe discomfort. Attempts by the rabbit to clean the nose with the paws lead to the spread of the virus.
Not all pus flows through the nose, a certain part flows down the walls of the trachea, into the lungs of the rabbit and bronchi. This phenomenon is especially dangerous because it can cause internal inflammation.
Most often, animals suffer in the cold season. Especially if the cells are on the street, and not in a warm room. If you do not protect them from the cold, you will have to regularly treat rhinitis in rabbits, because the disease is transformed into a chronic form.
The main symptoms of the disease
In rabbits, infectious rhinitis has the characteristic features that make it possible to quickly recognize the disease:
- persistent sneezing;
- nose looks swollen, reddened, airways are enlarged;
- the rabbit practically does not eat, the front paws constantly scratch the nose;
- a large amount of mucus is secreted from the nose, which eventually turns white.
The spread of infection can occur by air or by contact. It is not uncommon for rabbits in contact with infected males from other farms to infect the herd.
It is not necessary in this case to immediately get rid of the pregnant female, you can simply isolate her from the rest of the herd. There is a high probability that the newborn baby rabbits will be healthy. But in order to prevent their infection, they should be removed from the mother to other lactating females for 3-4 days after birth. If this option is not possible, you can try to feed them yourself from the pipette.
So, what to do if the rabbit showed the first symptoms of the disease. Correct actions will help to avoid infection of the entire population. First of all, the animal is completely isolated, and then the causes of the disease are clarified, and treatment is selected.
Spread the virus can small birds and rodents. Sparrows and rats looking for money in their cages leave pathogens on their surfaces and feed.
Infection can be carried by the owner himself, who visited other farms in the same clothes.
On large rabbit farms, the technique of complete sterility is practiced - all workers before the entrance to the room to the animals must put on disinfected suits and wash their hands with antiseptic solutions.
Types of disease
In rabbits, infectious rhinitis is not yet fully understood disease. According to one version, a runny nose provokes a special form of pasteurellosis.
On the other hand, the cause is pathogenic types of bacteria - Bordetella bronchiseptica or Staphylococcus aureus. There is a third version, according to which a rabbit develops a runny nose due to a polybacterial infection.
Regardless of the causes of the disease, you must do everything possible to avoid the development of pneumonia, which is among the complications that cause the death of the animal.
Before you treat a rabbit, you need to find out the nature of rhinitis. This will help you find the right therapy.
Animals with strong immunity are more resistant to diseases. Among the negative factors that reduce the body's defenses are:
- poor conditions of detention;
- use of low quality feed;
- high or too low humidity in the room;
- misuse of disinfectants.
Rabbits are subject to stress - if animals are constantly intimidated, this also negatively affects their immunity.
Features of treatment
A rabbit with infectious rhinitis should be placed in a warm room and provided with a balanced diet. It is advisable that a drug be prescribed to a animal by a specialist.
Purulent rhinitis requires complex treatment, which includes therapeutic agents to strengthen the body, immunostimulants, antimicrobial and antibacterial drugs. Additionally shown the use of drugs to help block the symptoms of the disease.
Rabbits do not tolerate antibiotic treatment, it is difficult to choose the right option. The course of treatment with an antimicrobial drug is 3-6 days. You can use penicillin or more modern drugs - ribotan, fosprenil, maxidin.
If the disease progresses, you can make an injection of oxytetracycline intramuscularly. But no more than 2 injections for the entire period of treatment.
In order to enhance the effect of therapy, inhalations with turpentine and chlorine can be given in parallel. Steam is sprayed all over the room where the cells with sick animals are installed. For hot inhalations, a saucepan or basin is suitable, which is filled with hot water with the addition of medicines or essential oils.
For cold inhalations will require the purchase of a special device.
Nutrition of the patient
In order to cleanse the nose from mucus and pus, a solution of penicillin or furacilin is dripped into the respiratory passages - 10 drops in each nostril 2-3 times a day.
Biomitsin is added to the feed, which has a positive effect on the rabbit as a whole.
If the correct treatment regimen is observed, recovery occurs within 7 days, and full recovery after 30 days. During this period, it is important to prevent the reappearance of snot in a rabbit; against the background of a weakened immunity, such cases are not uncommon.
The effectiveness of therapy depends largely on the quality of nutrition of the sick rabbit. It is recommended to add healing herbs, fresh greens to the feed. Water can be replaced with a cold decoction of chamomile or mint. Do not exclude from the menu your favorite fruits and vegetables pet.
Three days after the end of the course of antibiotics, probiotics are shown that help restore the natural microflora of the digestive system.
Effective preventive measures
All rabbits should be inspected at least once a week. Individuals showing signs of illness should be immediately isolated.
Dirty cage - the source of the spread of pathogenic microflora, manure must be constantly cleaned, trough and drinkers wash. It is unacceptable to use as bedding hay and straw affected by fungus.
The room in which the rabbit cages are installed is disinfected every 7 days. Vaccination is the key to strong immunity. It is important to strictly follow the recommendations and timely vaccinations.
Draft - one of the worst enemies of rabbits. It is not necessary to warm the room from frost, but it must be protected from the wind.
Animals become more susceptible to disease if their food is scarce and monotonous. In winter, when there is little green food, it is recommended to add vitamin complexes.
Is it dangerous to eat meat
We figured out what to do if rabbits sneeze. Now let’s dwell on whether it is dangerous for people who care for them.
Infection that causes rhinitis in rabbits is practically harmless to humans. Therefore, you can slaughter sick animals and eat their meat for food. The only limitation is that the internal organs and the chest are disposed of. The remaining parts of the carcass should be subjected to long-term heat treatment.
Fur and leather can also be used in the future. Only it is necessary to dry as far as possible from the rabbit farm, so as not to infect all the livestock. To combat microbes, the skins must be exposed to ultraviolet radiation. In the summer there will be enough "sunbathing", and in the cold season UV lamps can be used.
Study other pathologies in the article "Symptoms and Treatment of Rabbit Diseases."
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