A disease such as poddermatitis in rabbits is non-infectious and, as a result, not transmitted to other individuals. Despite this, the disease is quite dangerous. In particularly difficult and advanced cases, it leads to death or to amputation of the limb. In another way the pathology is called natoptys. They are individuals at the age of 3-4 months and those who are obese. In the article we will tell more about this ailment, how to recognize it and cure it.
Not serious and dangerous
Pododermatit, or natoptysh in rabbits, are peculiar corns that appear on their pads. Usually, first of all, the hind legs are affected, but also the front ones are no exception. On the one hand, this disease seems harmless. But, if you do not start treatment in time, then it will be difficult to cope with the inflammation, and in the worst case, this will lead to the death of the rabbits.
Pododermatitis is subdivided into purulent, aseptic, superficial, deep, and acute. He may also have a chronic form. It all starts with minor cracks and calluses and can lead to bone damage.
The appearance of this disease is affected by stress, weak immunity, long claws (improper location of the foot), obesity and poor content (high humidity). Any other internal infection and its late treatment can also provoke the appearance of natoptysh.
This factor suggests that rabbits can infect other individuals from the livestock with an infection, although the corns themselves are not contagious. For example, if a fungus gets into the wounds, it will be transferred to other ears.
In turn, such an infection provokes hair loss on the paws, desquamation and additional discomfort. Affects the occurrence of poddermatitis and hereditary predisposition. There is a breed of rabbits like the royal, which has a small hairline on the paw pads. This makes them more vulnerable.
It provokes the disease bad sex in the cells. Rabbits can not walk on the bottom of the grid and any hard surfaces that can rub the corns. This occurs due to metabolic disturbances in the sole tissues.
In order to get rid of poddermatit was one hundred percent, it is necessary to begin treatment as soon as the first minor signs appeared. When there are wounds on the paws, the rabbits try to move less, become inactive. At the same time they lie and pull the hind limbs. The gait and movements may change, because the animal is trying not to step on sore spots.
With the advent of corns rabbits lose their appetite, and in connection with this, and weight. Also, they don’t like it when someone tries to touch them. On the paws you can notice partial baldness.
Upon closer inspection of the animal, you can notice the swollen surface of the paw pads. This means that soft tissue edema develops. Skin as if hilly. For a later period is characterized by the appearance of ulcers, ulcers. In advanced cases, the bones and tendons of the extremities are affected, and the skin is inflamed over the entire surface of the paw. Dry corns can be seen on the folds. If blisters appear, the disease turns into a purulent form.
Below we consider the more detailed stages of poddermatitis in rabbits.
From easy to hard
It has already been said that there is an easy stage of traumatitis. These are minor cracks and peeling on the skin of the paws and pads. There may be small corns.
Severe stage (final) develops in rabbits from microbes in cracks. Bacteria provoke the formation of fistulas and ulcers that bleed. The defeat of the bones leads to the amputation of the paw or the death of rabbits.
In turn, Pododermatitis can be purulent (septic) and aseptic (without pyogenic bacteria). Penetration of infection in the tissue of the paws is divided into deep and superficial. That is, if it is determined that the rabbit has a superficial aseptic course of the disease, then healing will be easier.
With bacterial pathology in rabbits purulent Pododermatitis begins to develop. The wounds rot, and the process can go deep into the tissues. Sometimes a fungal infection or parasites join. It is impossible to give accurate predictions even if therapy is started immediately.
To accurately determine the diagnosis, a visual examination is sufficient, and a smear is taken only in cases of suspected accession of a bacterial or fungal infection.
Most often, after the appearance of a wound, a staphylococcal lesion of the rabbit paws occurs. Damage to the skin allows access to germs. Staphylococcal pododermatitis develops.
The rabbit's illness can be acute or chronic. Inflammatory process with purulent contents leads to multiple abscesses. At the same time, the body temperature of the animal increases, and if therapy is not carried out, then by 4 or 5 days the animal will die.
The most dangerous complication (and difference) of this form of the disease is staphylococcal sepsis. The purulent focus is surrounded by a kind of capsule. If the abscess opens, the bacteria will enter the bloodstream. It will happen, as there are wounds and scratches on the body of the rabbit due to constant scratching. Usually, bacteriological laboratory testing helps to make an accurate diagnosis.
Further in the article we will explain how to treat rabbit pododermatitis.
At the initial stage
Treatment of Pododermatitis in rabbits should begin as early as possible. This is the only way to cure ailment. Antibiotics, injections, local medicines and ligation of paws will help in this matter.
Treatment plan for calluses:
- the wound is cleaned and disinfected with 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide, chlorhexidine or 1-2% alcohol solution of iodine several times a day;
- antibiotic shots are given intramuscularly;
- wounds are treated with cortisone sprays and various ointments to stop bleeding and healing;
- The bandage is applied daily and is a mandatory part of the treatment.
More information about drugs and their use in the treatment of poddermatitis, say below.
From disinfectants, preference can be given to chlorhexidine. For a rabbit, this will be less painful than, for example, the use of hydrogen peroxide. It foams and causes a burning sensation.
Injections and local medications
A course of antibiotics will help get rid of the inflammatory process. One of the effective means - "Baytril" 2.5%. It is dosed at the rate of 0.4 ml per 1 kg of rabbit weight for 5-7 days. The active ingredient enrofloxacin copes well with harmful bacteria.
Injections are made in the back of the rabbit's thigh. Can be used from a month old animals. In cases of pregnant or nursing rabbits, the agent is better not to use. It is also not advisable to use "Baytril" simultaneously with drugs that include tetracycline or chloramphenicol.
Another penicillin injecting drug is called Bicillin. It is used if the animal is sensitive to penicillins or novocaine. Such an antibiotic is prescribed for purulent course of the disease, as well as for staphylococcal Pododermatitis. The dosage can be from 30-70 thousand units / per 1 kg of body weight of the animal. The injection put intramuscularly once every 2-4 days. Treatment can last up to 2-3 weeks.
A wound with poddermatitis, if it is bleeding or swollen, can be treated with sprays with cortisone or chloramphenicol. It can be "Ksidikol", "Topik", "Chemi". The active ingredient helps relieve inflammation. It is desirable to use such means not for a long time. Spray "Alu-Glyn" creates a protective film on the wound.
At the initial stage of the disease helps 10% zinc-lead ointment. "Levomekol" will help with severe inflammation with pus, as it contains an antibiotic. The hormonal drug "Triterm" is effective in bacterial and fungal lesions.
Balsam "Savior" is also used when pododermatit. It heals cracks well and is an anti-inflammatory agent, but with suppurations it helps poorly. Vishnevsky ointment heals, softens and restores blood circulation in the tissues. When applied, the inflamed areas are absorbed.
Help with this disease and folk remedies. As an antiseptic, Calendula has proven itself well. Infusion can wash the wound 2-3 times a day. Dandelions, burdock, plantain, shepherd's purse or nettles can be added to the diet of rabbits for medical treatment with medicines. They have a hemostatic effect and help rapid healing of wounds.
If the case is neglected, surgical intervention may be required. The resulting abscess is opened and the suppuration is removed. Sometimes they perform an operation to remove dead tissue on the bone or amputation of the paw.
So that the rabbit does not lick off the drugs from the corns, and also to prevent scratching and the appearance of new wounds, it is necessary to put a bandage on the paws. Thanks to her, existing wounds will not be irritated.
To start, after applying the ointment, you need to hold the crawl for about 15 minutes so that the medicine is absorbed. After that, the animal needs to be fixed for dressing. This is easy to do with a diaper. Rabbit wrapped so that he had no opportunity to escape.
The most convenient way to handle the paws is when the animal lies on its back. If you take it in your hands and put it on your knees, and press your head with your elbow, you can safely process the problem area.
Cotton wool is suitable as a lining, preferably one that is used for plaster. It is more durable and does not roll. You can also squeeze the ointment on a gauze bandage, attach to the wound and secure with a bandage. You need to hold the rabbit on your hands so that the medicines are absorbed. Sometimes instead of bandages use a small children's sock.
Pododermatitis in rabbits, like any disease, is better to prevent or to notice at an early stage. Individuals that have a predisposition, it is better to isolate initially. You can not keep in one place sick and healthy animals.
It is very important to maintain cleanliness and hygiene. Even if the rabbit had the initial signs of illness, it would not progress in a dry and cleaned place of detention. If the cage floor is wooden, then it must be treated once a month with quicklime.
The cell surface should be soft, preferably made of straw, hay, and dry thyrsa. Twigs and netting is better not to use as a floor covering.
High-quality and complete feeding is always important. Foods rich in vitamins and minerals will help strengthen the immune system. In addition, you need to prevent the rabbits from gaining excess weight, not to overfeed them. Be sure to have clean, timely replaced water.
In the continuation of the topic of diseases of the extremities, read the article "What to do if the rabbit's hind legs failed".
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