Skin diseases in rabbits: how to save a valuable fur coat?

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If you notice that your rabbit has wool, you should not immediately sound the alarm. The fact is that the process of molting is quite normal among these animals. Loss of hair can be observed in cute eagles from 4 months and this process occurs several times a year. However, excessive molting should definitely alert, as this may indicate the development of serious problems with the health of the pet. This is what the article will be about.

The reasons

If the rabbit loses wool, this may indicate the beginning of a shedding process, which occurs several times during the year. It should be noted that if the animal is really healthy, then a new one appears very quickly in the area with the hair that fell out. Sometimes it drops out even in scraps. During this period, it is very important to monitor the pet and provide him with proper care. It is necessary to comb it every day to avoid getting wool into the animal's stomach.

If the rabbit fur coat has become too scanty, then you should definitely be on your guard. The reason for this may be a tick, flea or versicolor. In addition, these problems often arise against the background of a hormonal imbalance in the body of the rabbit.

Avitaminosis can also lead to hair loss. At the same time, first the fur loses its natural luster. After that, it falls out in large numbers and noticeable patches of baldness form on the body of the animal. The treatment involves taking vitamin B12 and including fish meal in the rabbit's diet. In any case, consultation of the veterinarian is required, which can determine the factor that provokes the occurrence of such effects.

Skin diseases

Ringworm or skin fungus

This disease is dangerous for animals that are infected with a rabbit in the same cage, and for people. Moreover, fungi affect not only the animal's coat, but also its skin. The causative agents of this infection are, as a rule, Dermatophytes. The cause of the disease may be a violation of hygiene.

SymptomsTreatment
  • itching;
  • hair loss (mostly near the ears);
  • the presence of redness and rye on the affected areas;
  • peeling, as in the photo.
  • removal of hair from the affected areas;
  • the use of antifungal agents (antimycotics), produced in the form of ointment and tincture;
  • if necessary, antimycotics may be prescribed for oral administration;
  • Surolan, Kanestin or Fenistil is used to reduce itching.

Pliers

Rabbits may be prone to skin diseases that are triggered by ticks. They are scabby, hypodermic and fur. If we are talking about the scab-like mite, then a thin white crust appears on the skin of the animal. Its presence is noted mainly in the area of ​​the nose, claws or eyes.

The fur mite is somewhat more scabby. Therefore, it can even be seen on the body of the animal with the naked eye. The main affected area is the rabbit tail. For this reason, he may jerk with his pelvic limbs or bounce frequently.

Subcutaneous tick is quite rare. However, it gives the animal a lot of trouble. Since it is able to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin, it is very difficult to detect it even when performing a skin biopsy.

SymptomsTreatment
  • skin irritation (mainly on the back);
  • hair loss;
  • the presence of scales (dandruff);
  • compaction of the skin, itching
  • use of insecticides safe for rabbits;
  • animal treatment with sulfur lime;
  • ivermectin injections;
  • temporary isolation of the animal.

Video from the author Maksim Nikonov "Ear Tick"

Ringworm

There are 2 types of this disease: Trichophytosis and Microsporia. Carriers of the first type of lichen are mice and rats, and the second - cats. Infection occurs through contact with the carrier of the infection or through infected objects. In rabbits, lichen-free lesions are most often noted in the area of ​​the ears.

SymptomsTreatment
  • uneven hair falls out;
  • hairless zones have a rounded shape;
  • rough skin;
  • severe itching, especially in the affected areas.
  • the use of antifungal drugs;
  • isolation of the animal until recovery;
  • treatment of the affected clipped area with soapy water;
  • salicylic acid applied to the skin, followed by treatment with wounds with iodine.

Psoroptosis

This disease is also known as ear scab. His provocateur acts tick Psoroptes cuniculi. It parasites mainly near the ears, where there is an impressive number of blood vessels that so attract these blood-sucking parasites.

Infection can occur when a healthy rabbit comes into contact with an infected animal. In addition, the spread of this disease can be caused by a high content of eared, high humidity and inadequate feeding. Most often, Psoroptosis of rabbits affects in winter or spring.

SymptomsTreatment
  • itching around the ears;
  • restless state of pets;
  • the presence of red bumps and wounds, from which the ichor;
  • the auricle can be filled with yellow-brown serous clumps.
  • cleaning the ears of the animal;
  • local application of anti-tick remedies;
  • Ivermectin is used to combat Psoroptosis.

Ivermectin

It is a universal antiparasitic agent that is intended for the treatment of farm animals. The drug has a wide spectrum of action and effectively cope with different types of helminths and skin parasites. Ivermectin is available as a solution for injection. It is not recommended to combine it with other means similar in action. For treatment of rabbits, Ivermectin (1% solution) is used for injections. It is very important to observe the following proportions: 0.05 cubes are required per 1 kg.

Have you ever used Invermectin on your farm?

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