Chicken droppings in the garden as a fertilizer used everywhere. This organic concentrate contains everything necessary for the growth and nutrition of plants. In addition, its compounds are perfectly processed in the ground and easily absorbed by plants.
This type of concentrate can be considered one of the oldest types of fertilizers. Our ancestors also noticed that where there are clusters of bird excrements, plants grow better. So he found a use as a fertilizer, bringing bird waste into the ground on his site. Even on the islands of the Caribbean, seabird manure decomposed in a dry climate is harvested and shipped for export.
One of the big advantages is that chicken manure is produced as much as the feed goes to feed the birds. That is almost 1: 1.
The chemical composition of chicken manure is considered the richest and therefore very valuable in home gardens. The content of useful substances in it is 3-4 times higher than in manure, for example, cattle. Its special composition allows the use of droppings in both liquid and dry form.
Such litter is rich in substances such as zinc, cobalt, boron, sulfur, potassium and magnesium. There are many vitamins, acids, sulfides and phenols in it. Another strong advantage of its composition is that organic phosphorus compounds in the litter do not secrete phosphates into the soil and are gradually absorbed by plants.
- fresh manure from chickens has almost no odor, since it does not contain ammonia compounds;
- manure in the form of fertilizer does not crack in the soil, dissolves well under penetrating rainwater and even increases its effect over time. Long-term and high-quality decomposition of organic substances in it can maintain a yield of 2-3 years;
- suitable for any soil, improves its quality and chemical composition, restores the beneficial bacteria contained in it;
- it is well soluble in water, which allows it to be used in liquid form, for spillage of the root system;
- and, of course, its biggest advantage can be considered its cheapness compared to mineral fertilizers. And if you keep chickens on the plot, then you won’t have to think about how much such a product will cost you.
Benefit and harm
Experiments of agronomists have shown that the correct application of fertilizer from bird droppings helps to obtain an environmentally friendly product, more resistant to diseases, a rich harvest. The content of dry matter in fruits increases to 10%, for example, sugar beet becomes sweeter. But it is not necessary to still consider the litter of chickens a "cure for all problems" and lay it under each bush and tree on the site. Fresh manure because of the high concentration of substances can not be used under low-growing small plants, it can only be used for feeding trees and shrubs.
For fertilizing lawn and garden crops, manure is diluted with water in a certain proportion, insisted and pitted with this composition. Avoid contact with the manure of the fruits and leaves of plants. For example, you can not fertilize them already grown tomatoes, peppers, greens, berry crops. To feed them, manure is applied several months before planting in loose soil.
Excess of such fertilizer for many plants can be destructive, so first you need to figure out which crops it will not harm. Very young plants are also not advised to fertilize them - due to accumulation of urea released by manure in the soil, the seedlings may stop growing. An expert in the following video also tells about this in more detail (by Greensad Garden Center).
What plants are suitable for?
Not all crops fit chicken droppings as fertilizer. For the most part this is due to factors such as alkalinity and acidity. Typically, the acidity of the litter of chickens depends on their diet, as well as on how old they are. PH is usually considered the norm in the range of 6.5-8.0 - a moderate alkaline indicator.
But the high content of sodium salts can be detrimental for such plants as: azaleas, rhododendrons, camellias, as well as for blueberries and heather. Therefore, to fertilize them with such a composition is not worth it. Fruit and berry and vegetable litter love. Many trees and bushes, as well as tomatoes, potatoes and eggplants, will thank the host for such a top dressing with a good harvest. It is possible to apply fertilizer for them even twice a season.
As for dill, parsley, onion, garlic, as well as other herbs - they should be properly fed with chicken fertilizer only during the growing season. The following table will help you figure out how and when to fertilize chicken manure.
We make and use fertilizer from manure
For the farmer, the processing and harvesting of the litter plays a very important role, since it will not be very rational to scatter it in its pure form in the garden. With this method, it is likely to dry under the sun and does not fall deep into the soil. It is recommended to harvest from it bait.
It is not advisable to keep clean chicken manure for a long time; it will lose most of its nutrients, including nitrogen. Especially these losses are great if you leave chicken waste for the winter: during freezing and further thawing, the fertilizer will lose up to 40% of nitrogen.
Dry litter is very convenient to use, so the demand for it is great. Dry fertilizer is introduced into the ground in the fall in order to ferment over the winter, it could saturate the earth with useful substances. They sprinkle the soil, at the rate of 400-700 grams per cubic meter. In the finished wells for seedlings usually fall asleep 30-40 grams of chopped chicken manure. For berry crops per meter, use 200-400 grams of dry matter.
For vegetables ideally fit infusion, properly prepared on the basis of chicken manure. It is suitable for feeding tomatoes, zucchini, eggplant and pepper. You can make a concentrate in a closed container, which is then diluted in water. Such a solution is introduced not under the plant itself, but in the aisle.
For its preparation is taken 500 grams of chicken manure, which is stirred in 10 liters of water. The future fertilizer is infused in containers from 3 to 5 days. Such a solution smells quite noticeably, so you can cover the container with a lid or wrap it with a film. The finished product should noticeably darken and then it is diluted with water again, at a dosage of 1:10. If nitrogenous concentrate is required for top dressing, you can skip the infusion step and water the beds immediately.
For those who do not have year-round access to fresh product of bird activity, you can prepare compost. In order to prepare it, you will need sawdust and peat. Sawdust is sometimes replaced with straw. Compost is brought to the post office only in the fall; in the spring it is used only on sandy soils.
Stages of compost preparation:
- To prepare the fertilizer, you can use the box or any deep container. If there is no such site, a special compost pit is dug.
- Peat is laid on the bottom of the pit, sawdust is poured on top of it
- Next, lay out the litter layers, mixing it with sawdust or straw.
- In addition, sometimes worms are added to the composition, but even without them, the mixture will ferment well, pereperet. Recycling will take place in a natural way.
Generally speaking, farmers quite positively speak of fertilizers based on poultry waste and advise them to use. For some, their organicity plays a huge role, and the apparent increase in crop quality only confirms the effectiveness of chicken manure. The only problem may be the lack of awareness of the owner of the site, because as mentioned above, his thoughtless introduction can harm some plants.
Responses vary from those who use products from the manufacturer, and not the waste of his chicken coop. Since it is almost impossible to know the diet and age of the birds from which the composition was obtained, we have to take the product "at random". Gardeners are advised to make purchases from trusted people or from acquaintances containing birds.
And in what form do you use chicken manure for fertilizer?Poll
- In the form of infusion
- Compost before planting
- I do not use at all
- Another variant