About when and what vaccinations should be done to rabbits, we'll talk today. After all, the correct vaccination of these animals is the only chance to preserve their health. Fluffy pets are extremely whimsical. They can easily catch an infection, leading to death in almost 100% of cases. The problem is that most rabbit diseases are not treatable, so it remains to be vaccinated. We will tell you how and when to administer drugs and how to prevent mortality on the farm.
Necessity or waste of money
Let's see if the rabbits need to be vaccinated, and when you can do without them. The fact that vaccinating animals is a must is an axiom, and you just need to remember this. There are no doubts for rabbit breeders with experience, but for beginners we will explain.
There are two reasons for which it is necessary to vaccinate ordinary (meat) and ornamental rabbits. First, even animals that are kept in perfect purity and eat high-quality food can get sick, as they are very sensitive and whimsical.
Secondly, the vaccine for rabbits is the only chance to save the animal’s life if it gets infected. And all because the majority of diseases for members of the hare family are fatal, and there is no cure for them. So it remains for the rabbit breeders to take care of the animals and try to anticipate the appearance of infection by timely vaccination.
Guide to the typology of drugs
Now consider what vaccinations do rabbits, what is their fundamental difference and what is the best for animals. All vaccines that exist today are divided into inactivated and live by their rate of manifestation. By coverage of diseases - on monovaccines and complex drugs.
The difference between them is that live vaccines give a quick effect, but are hardly tolerated by animals. Inactivated sera act slowly, but veterinarians advise them to vaccinate rabbits, as they are more easily tolerated by individuals and give a longer effect.
Monovaccines give animals immunity from a single disease. Remember that monovalent drugs should be used at intervals of 2 weeks. Comprehensive vaccines for rabbit protect it from several diseases at once. There are bivalent and trivalent drugs (by the number of antiviruses in them).
Features and benefits of polyvalent drugs
For rabbits, complex vaccination is in demand among rabbit breeders for a number of reasons. They injure the animals less, there is no need to observe a two-week interval between injections, and this is beneficial. Below are some varieties of such drugs that are highly popular.
The drug that protects against myxomatosis and plague is Pestorin MorMix. The advantage of this vaccine for rabbits is that vaccinations are allowed to young animals over 10 weeks old. But be careful, because after opening the ampoules after 2 hours, the drug loses its effectiveness.
Means, which is a barrier for two extremely serious diseases - hemorrhagic disease and myxomatosis - "Lapimun Hemix". As well as the previous drug is allowed for vaccination of young animals. The effect of the vaccine will appear after 1-2 weeks and lasts up to 10 months.
We will protect fluffies from bloodsuckers
In this article, we do not just find out whether vaccinations are necessary for rabbits, but also tell you how to make the life of Fuzzies as comfortable and long as possible. Not only diseases can knock down these sensitive pets. Such external stimuli, like mosquitoes, can cause no less trouble.
Mosquitoes cause "double" harm to rabbits. When they bite, they inject poison, causing the animals to begin an allergic reaction, ending in scabies. This, in turn, leads to anxiety of animals and their depression. To protect hares from bloodsuckers, use drugs containing cypermethrin. For use in cells - "Ciperil". For processing premises - "Medilis-tsiper".
The second means can be processed not only internal, but also external walls of the room where rabbits are kept. We recommend that you use both drugs to fully protect animals from mosquitoes.
Warning: dangerous virus
Since we tell you about what and when to vaccinate a rabbit, we are obliged to elaborate on myxomatosis. This is one of the most dangerous viruses, and without immunization, the little rabbit will die in 80-100% of cases. Disease vectors are mosquitoes. Above we told how best to protect against them.
But it is still necessary to vaccinate a rabbit against myxomatosis. The vaccine is administered to animals of all ages and in all areas, regardless of their reliability. This reinsurance is needed because one individual is enough to become infected with a virus, and an epidemic will begin on the farm in a matter of days.
To protect pets from the virus, they are administered the drug RIBBIVAK B. It is a monovalent associated vaccine that gives immunity for 12 months. But antivirus myxomatosis is also present in polyvalent drugs. For more information about their effects and application technology, see the article "Use of the associated vaccine for the rabbit."
If you breed rabbits for slaughter: grafting features
Vaccinations for rabbits meat breeds do not differ from those that put decorative rabbit. But there are two diseases affecting animals raised for slaughter: pasteurellosis and salmonellosis. If you do not use the vaccine in a timely manner, then it can be very difficult to cure animals.
To vaccinate rabbits from pasteurellosis begins from four weeks of age. The first injection of animals put in 4 weeks, the second - at 7 weeks, and the third - at 10 weeks. Immunity after vaccination persists for 8 months, but it is recommended to repeat the procedure every six months.
Immunization against salmonellosis is carried out on rabbits as soon as they reach one month of age. This is due to the fact that the young and pregnant females are most susceptible to infection. The vaccine is administered at intervals of 7 days in two stages. Make sure that the animals on the farm are planted in a timely manner, this will facilitate your work.
Reinsurance or a rabbit ticket for a trip abroad
Since we raised the issue of vaccinations for rabbits, and when they are done, it is impossible not to mention the vaccination procedure for rabies. Although this serum is not included in the list of compulsory preparations administered to rabbits, it is better to be safe and give an animal a shot.
A rabies vaccination is given to rabbits once in a lifetime and at any age.
Many breeders neglect rabies vaccination, believing that such vaccinations are not necessary for ornamental rabbits. On the one hand, they are right, as there is practically no risk of catching this disease in greenhouse animals.
On the other hand, it does not equal zero. In addition, the rabbit is not allowed to be taken out of the country not vaccinated for rabies. If you grow animals for exhibitions, then you definitely should take care of such an inoculation, so as not to create additional hassle in the future.
This section of the article is written for beginner rabbit breeders, since experienced breeders do not have a dilemma whether to vaccinate rabbits or not. Most of the problems appear when animals are immunized against rabies, pasteurellosis, salmonellosis or listeriosis.
This is due to the fact that the above-mentioned vaccinations for rabbits are not mandatory, and are done only when the livestock breeders wish, or as prescribed by a veterinarian. Above, we have already said why it is still worth immunizing animals for rabies, pasteurellosis and salmonellosis.
Females are mainly vaccinated from females, as they are the most susceptible to this infection. But the disease is fatal, and it is better to give an injection to a rabbit and not to worry about its health than to hope for a miracle. The duration of acquired immunity after vaccination is up to 6 months.
So we got to the topic of how to vaccinate rabbits from hemorrhagic disease. Remember that we always vaccinate animals from UGBC, as there is no cure for the virus. But note that the drug can be administered only to healthy individuals, otherwise complications will arise.
Rabbits at the age of 45 days can be given the first vaccine against UGBC, if they have reached a mass of 500 g. If their weight is less, then the vaccination should be postponed, but not delayed. When immunizing against hemorrhagic disease, there is a strict schedule of injections:
- the first injection at 1.5 months;
- second injection at 4.5 months;
- third shot at 10.5 months;
- subsequent injections - every six months.
To inoculate rabbits from UHDB, monovaccine or associated two-component drugs can be used. They have the same efficiency, but the second option is the most profitable.
Table of veterinary activities at a rabbit farm
As promised at the beginning of the article, we tell you when to vaccinate against the rabbit virus, from what diseases and what is the dosage of the drug. Immediately make a reservation that we will tell you the overall picture of immunization and give examples of monovalent sera.
The table shows the scheme of vaccination of rabbits without taking into account not mandatory vaccinations, as we described in detail about them above.
We provided only one of the options for the immunization schedule on a rabbit farm. But each breeder should have his own calendar, where all vaccinations made will be marked. This will allow you to enter the drug in a timely manner and prevent the occurrence of diseases. Over time, you will understand how important it is to keep such records.
Do injections yourself
Now we will tell you about how to properly vaccinate a rabbit at home.
A week before the vaccine is introduced, it is recommended to swallow animals, and sick animals to be placed in an isolator.
Remember that all injections are made with different syringes. Take the drug, then release the air from the syringe, and make an injection. When vaccinating rabbits, they must be securely fixed, otherwise the animals can escape and injure themselves. Do not forget to treat the place of injection. For example, chlorhexidine or any other antiseptic.
The first vaccine is given in the withers. To do this, pull off the skin on the neck, near the shoulder blades. Spread the fur and insert the needle parallel to the body. You will feel when the needle pierces the skin. Inject the drug and remove the syringe. Massage the injection site a little so that the medicine is distributed.
Vaccination of rabbits can be carried out intramuscularly. Then the injection is made in the thigh, perpendicular to its surface. The depth of needle entry depends on the size of the animal. For small breeds - a few millimeters. For large bunnies - 0.5-1 cm. Do not worry if there is blood in the process of drug administration - you just touched the vessel and there is nothing to worry about.
Pregnant baby rabbits are not only possible, but need to be vaccinated - it is completely safe. But during the lactation period, it is recommended to refrain from any injections and potent antibiotics, since their components with the milk will go to the babies.
It is recommended to start vaccinations with a rabbit from 1.5 months (with the exception of vaccines designed specifically for young animals). But in farms that are considered unfavorable, and in the absence of mother's milk, babies are immunized from thirty days of age.
Seasonal framework in the vaccination is not. But rabbit breeders prefer to inject serums in the fall and spring. There are exceptional cases, for example, the fight against mosquitoes. In winter, these bloodsuckers do not disturb the rabbits, so there is no need to get rid of them.
Almost always, the process of vaccination of rabbits goes well - without complications. But in private situations, animals may have an allergic reaction in 15-20 minutes, which is expressed by a number of signs:
- redness of the mucous membranes;
- skin rashes;
- profuse salivation;
- respiratory failure;
To relieve allergic symptoms, 0.3 ml of Suprastin or Dimedrol is intramuscularly injected into rabbits. To normalize the work of the heart, put subcutaneous injection "Sulfokamfokaina" (0.3 ml).
Discuss the important points about vaccinations in the comments.
If you are afraid of losing useful information, then save it on your page by clicking the repost button.