In this article we will talk about why the rabbit's hind legs failed. There are many factors that provoke paralysis of the hind limbs. The primary task in this case is to identify the causes of the negative phenomenon. This will help provide effective assistance to the animal and avoid its death. In some cases, the rabbit can be saved and return to it full mobility, and in some - the pathology is incurable.
The most common causes
The main symptoms of paresis are - dragging the hind legs, the inability to stand on all four paws. In other words, the breeder can immediately notice a health problem.
Hind legs are taken away from rabbits for various reasons:
- spinal injuries;
- vertebral hernia and congenital abnormalities;
- infection of the body;
- pathological deficiency of vital minerals caused by unhealthy diet.
Following the first signs of paresis, other symptoms appear. These include urinary incontinence, uncontrolled defecation, impaired motor coordination, seizures, intense thirst, and increased salivation. On the paralyzed part of the body, pressure sores and purulent wounds may appear.
Let's try to figure out in more detail what to do if the rabbit has hind legs. Naturally, contacting a specialized clinic in this case is the right way to solve the problem. But if this is not possible, you can try to independently identify the causes of paralysis and provide proper treatment.
Malfunction of the nervous system
Hind legs can be taken away from rabbits due to strong stress or pain shock. In this case, the sensitivity of the limbs is preserved. It is very easy to check this - slightly prick the back part of the body with a needle, if the animal reacts to the stimulus, then most likely it will be possible to fully fully recover in a short time period.
The rabbit needs to be put in a separate cage, to provide rest and good nutrition. After 5-7 days, motor functions will fully recover.
Rabbits are very shy animals. Therefore, it is important to prevent the occurrence of the fear factor, which can provoke failures in the central nervous system. The causes of stress - noise and vibration, harsh light, shock, predator attack.
The sukrol and lactating bunnies are especially vulnerable to external stimuli. In the room where cells are installed from the queen cell, it is forbidden to carry out repair work or turn on the bright light in the evening. Even the noise of water pouring from the tap can lead to negative consequences.
Head or spinal injury
The most common paralysis in rabbits is caused by a head injury. A blow or fall provokes a concussion, a complication of which is paresis. Damaged neural centers responsible for the functions of the hind limbs simply cease to perform their work.
In some cases, the ability to move all four legs back to the rabbit after a while, without the use of special therapy. But there are cases when even a strong medical treatment does not bring the desired result.
When falling from a height of more than one meter, an animal may have a fracture of the spine or displacement of the vertebrae. Due to innate curiosity, a rabbit can view what is happening outside the cage and just fall out of it. Therefore, if the cells are installed on an elevation, you need to ensure that the doors are always closed.
Rabbits can injure each other in fights. Especially aggressive are young males, which conquer their territory. But they can fight and females, especially if they have offspring.
All mechanical damage resulting in the failure of the hind legs in rabbits is almost impossible to treat. Avoid situations in which the pet may be seriously injured.
Experienced breeders know such a problem when the rabbit's hind legs have failed, and there are no reasons for provoking pathology. That is, the paralysis was not preceded by beats, falls or stress. The female at the same time looks quite healthy. Most likely, the cause of the disease is listeriosis. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria that multiply very quickly in the body and release toxins that affect the brain and central nervous system.
Pregnant females are most susceptible to listeriosis. Early miscarriage is possible. Even if the rabbit's hind legs were denied, but she was able to endure and bring offspring, the rabbit has no chance of survival. Listeriosis is among the dangerous diseases that cause the death of the whole herd.
There are a number of infectious diseases, a symptom of which is paresis. These include encephalomyelitis, meningitis, pachymeningitis, encephalitis, and leptomeningitis. It is possible to recognize an infection affecting the meninges and changing the cerebrospinal fluid by sharply weakening the reflexes. The rabbit is completely disoriented in space, and attempts to move are accompanied by convulsions and falls to the side.
A rabbit that has paralysis of the hind legs is detected should be immediately quarantined.
If we are talking about an infectious disease, then such a precaution will help protect the rest of the livestock from the disease.
Other causes of paralysis
Serious disruption of the gastrointestinal tract can also provoke the development of paresis. Multi-day diarrhea or prolonged constipation is no less dangerous for the life of the rabbit than infections that affect the brain.
What is dangerous diarrhea, and how to treat it, you can read in the article "Causes and treatment of diarrhea in rabbits." The article "What to do with constipation in a rabbit" will help to understand the factors provoking constipation, as well as to choose an effective treatment regimen.
In rabbits, the hind limbs may be denied due to acute calcium deficiency in the body. This element is necessary for the animal for the normal functioning of all organs and systems.
If the animal receives little calcium from food, the body begins to consume it from its own resources. That is, from the bone skeleton. As a result, the bones become fragile and depleted. Fracture can occur spontaneously, without a prior hit or fall.
Calcium deficiency can occur with poor or monotonous feeding of rabbits. Especially carefully you need to follow the diet of sukrolny and nursing rabbits.
Some breeders try, as soon as possible to set down rabbits, so that the female is not much depleted and quickly ready for the next mating. This can also cause a lack of valuable trace elements in the body of the rabbit, since breast milk contains large amounts of calcium.
Sometimes the rabbit does not get on its hind legs because of growths, cracks and wounds on the limbs. This is the manifestation of the disease poddermatit. Ailment develops when animals are kept in dirty cages or open-air cages are too hard bottom. Learn more from the article "On the treatment of poddermatitis in rabbits." This disease does not cause paralysis, but the rabbit stops moving on all four limbs.
Basic diagnostic rules
The first thing to do when limbs have been sacked by a rabbit is to place the animal in a separate box. The room should be dry, clean, warm and comfortable. Harsh noises and other factors that frighten an animal should be excluded.
Inspect the tabs for visible damage. The presence of foreign objects, wounds and growths indicates that the animal is just painful to step on the limbs.
If external damage is not detected, you need to check whether the sensitivity of this part of the body has been preserved. Prick the needle with the needle and observe the reaction of the rabbit. If it hurts, it will break out, twitch, and the like.
A needle prick should not be strong - lightly puncturing the skin is enough. In this case, a sharp instrument must be pre-sterilized to avoid infection of the puncture site.
During the diagnosis, you should try to minimize the movement of the body of the rabbit. If we are talking about a fracture of the spine, any sudden movement can cause a deterioration in the condition of the animal.
If, as a result of visual inspection and the simplest diagnostics, it was possible to establish that the sensitivity of the rabbit's hind legs is completely absent, one cannot do without specialized assistance. In the veterinary clinic, a doctor must prescribe a blood test and X-ray examination.
Comprehensive examination helps to identify internal fractures and damage, as well as detect toxins in the blood, indicating the development of infection.
In the rabbit veterinary clinic should be transported in a special soft carriage that protects against shock and vibration. In the absence of carrying, you can use a box of a suitable size, tightly covered with a blanket.
Features of treatment and rehabilitation
If at the end of the diagnosis it was possible to establish that the sensitivity of the hind legs was preserved, then you need to start treatment aimed at the speedy restoration of motor function.
For a start, the rabbit is placed in a warm box, covered with a thick layer of soft fabric. In the first 24 hours after the onset of signs of paralysis, it is necessary to keep the pet in a tight cage in order to limit its physical activity as much as possible.
After 2-3 days, you can and should let out a rabbit for a walk. Otherwise, muscle atrophy may begin. A light massage will be useful - the hind limbs need not be pulled much, and then released. Massage is repeated 4-5 times a day. Of the drugs used anti-inflammatory drugs and vitamins of group B.
In the case when paralysis of the hind legs is triggered by an acute calcium deficiency in the rabbit, therapy is needed to fill the deficit of the beneficial trace element. Calcium borgluconate is best suited for this purpose.
The treatment is carried out according to the following scheme:
- the first two days - 1 ml of the drug 2 times a day, injected by subcutaneous injection;
- the next three days - 0.25 ml per day intramuscularly.
The dosage is indicated in the adult. In the treatment of baby rabbits, the indicated dose is halved.
Before the introduction of the drug must be heated to body temperature + 35 + 37 degrees.
For the same purpose is used and glutamate calcium, produced in tablets. They are crushed into powder and dissolved in water intended for drinking rabbit. For quick replenishment of calcium deficiency in the first 3 days of therapy, you can give the maximum daily dose of the drug - 120 mg per 1 kg of body weight.
For the general strengthening of the animal's body and the rapid restoration of the balance of all the necessary trace elements, the complex preparation "Gamavit" is used. The daily dose is 0.5 ml per kilogram of rabbit weight.
In the case when the pet does not stand on one hind paw, and no external damage has been identified, it is likely that this is a fracture. The bones will grow together over time, and a tight bandage or a tire will prevent the limb from bending.
With paralysis caused by concussion of the brain or other violations of the functionality of the central nervous system, the device "Almag" has a high efficiency. With electric impulses, it acts directly on damaged tissues and contributes to their rapid recovery. The treatment is carried out according to the recommendations of the instructions for use.
If the rabbit was diagnosed with a fracture of the spine, then even an operable intervention may be ineffective.
Prevention of paralysis
In order to avoid such an unpleasant phenomenon as paresis in rabbits, it is necessary to provide the animals with comfortable living conditions and a balanced diet.
Calcium deficiency causes excessive brittleness of the bones, therefore in the daily ration there must necessarily be mixed feed enriched with this microcell. At home, such food can also be prepared by adding to the grain meat and bone or fish meal, shredded egg shells. Juveniles can be fed with powdered milk.
Pregnant and lactating bunnies have a particular need for calcium. In addition to nutrition, they can be given special multivitamin supplements.
In addition, rabbits must live in clean cages, to be properly distributed according to gender and age. The room in which the cages are installed should protect animals not only from heat or cold, but also the harsh noise of other animals.
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