Mongolia is the land of the cleanest lakes, fast rivers, immense steppes and snowy peaks of Altai. The endless steppes of Mongolia stretched from the taiga zone to the Gobi sands. How to do without the faithful racers? It is not surprising that natural riders live in Mongolia, who sit in the saddle before they begin to walk. For many hundreds of years in a row their best friend and loyal assistant is the Mongolian horse. About her and talk.
Probably nowhere else in Asia do they attach such great importance to a horse as in Mongolia. Here they say: "Mongol without a horse, that a bird without wings." The main gift for every boy in the family is his first personal horse. And today there is a horse in almost every Mongolian family. Even if not for a ride, so to get nutritious milk.
The thousand-year history of this people is inextricably linked with animals. For them, they are a means of existence, a faithful assistant, and a comrade. Mongolian horses were almost the main "weapon", thanks to which the people managed to create in the 13th century a huge Mongolian empire. Even the Great Patriotic War could not do without these strong and enduring racers.
Today, the Mongolian horse belongs to the local or aboriginal breeds and is found mainly in this country only. Accustomed to the harsh climatic conditions, to large territories and the nomadic way of life, these horses have a number of special qualities. First of all, they are very hardy, run fast, although they have short legs. Traditionally, the Mongols from the mare's milk produce a national drink - airan. And their racers regularly participate in horse racing, because speed is an important criterion for the quality of a nomadic horse.
It is very difficult to name the exact date when the Mongolian horses were first bred. This is due to the fact that the people are nomadic here, and no one has ever written data on their horses. Moreover, it is even impossible to talk about a tribal book. However, it can be assumed that this breed of horses is quite ancient. After all, it is known that horseback riding in the Mongolian steppes has existed since 2000 BC.
Research scientists have shown that the genotype of the Mongolian horses is very diverse, and therefore, it was formed on the basis of many species. There is a possibility that their ancestors were northern Tarpans. But, as a separate species, this breed exists presumably from the 12th century, after the unification of the Mongolian tribes.
Mongolian horses still retain their original appearance. It was on these horses drove the army of Genghis Khan. Forming in a harsh climate, these animals, like many other native ones, have a small growth. Stallions at the withers reach no more than 128 centimeters, mares - 125-126 cm. They have a rather massive body, short dry limbs and a large wide head, which is clearly seen in the photo.
Low withers, short neck, strong hooves, thick coarse hair - all these are the most important features of Mongolian horses. They also have small eyes, a long mane and tail, a deep chest, a hook-faced muzzle, drooping croup. The photo shows that the Mongolian horse can have a variety of color. Most often they are redhead and bay. Less common are gray, savras, bush and other horses.
A special exterior and body structure help animals to withstand temperature changes very firmly. In particular, dense dense wool, a cylindrical squat body, fatty deposits allow wintering outside. Body fat also helps horses overcome crisis periods during the summer drought. Chunky physique makes these animals very hardy and in terms of physical activity. They can carry heavy loads and carry the rider long distances.
Horse in mongolia
Mongolian horses are contained mainly in the herd way, which can be seen in the photo. However, as soon as the animal is saddled, it very quickly gets used to the rider and to his house. By nature, these are very calm, kind and reliable horses. They are undemanding to feeds and can get along with poor grasses for a long time. Despite their physique and short legs, such horses, per day can be 70-80 kilometers under the saddle and more than 100 km without a rider.
We offer to see a few photos of Mongolian horses from our photo gallery.Photo 1. A girl with her horsePhoto 2. Two Mongolian horses on a leashPhoto 3. Mongolian horsemen in the field