If you keep pigs, you will probably be interested to know what the boar feeds on - the leader of their herd. We invite you to find out how to efficiently organize the feeding of a domestic boar and what should be its approximate diet.
What do boars eat?
The diet of an adult wild boar is quite diverse and rich. A wild boar in nature and in the household eats in large portions, constantly hungry. As an omnivore, he eats even meat, does not disdain the remnants of food from the table of the owners and is very fond of sweet fruits and vegetables, can eat even candy.
In wild nature
A wild boar feeds on very diverse and often, almost all the time, if he is awake, he searches for food and eats it, looking for food in the fields, forest, near lakes or rivers. The vegetable diet consists mainly of terrestrial parts of plants. A wild boar eats eagerly, alfalfa, dandelions, and, both leaves and flowers, wild cereals, reeds, and holly. Also, the beast eagerly eats acorns without peel, ignoring nuts and chestnuts, which are abundant in autumn.
The May and June boar rations are also saturated, it consumes all kinds of insects and even small field and forest rodents (if very hungry). You can easily feed a hungry boar with potatoes, sweet corn and beets. A special delicacy for the hog in the wild is worms and snails, as well as all sorts of beetles and grasshoppers. But the animal bypasses mushrooms, but loves to gnaw oak and pine bark.
In the famine years, the boar’s food may be monotonous; it predominantly eats from private fields or land of small and large cooperatives. The pigs with their hooves dig up potato tubers, beets, carrots from the ground, and also pick the cobs of corn and pea pods. Foresters and private farmers try to scare away the wild boar, since it is traditionally considered to be a pest of fields. However, the damage done by the controlled population of these animals is rather small.
A wild boar may even become a scavenger for a while. He eats the bones of large forest animals. On the spot where the carrion was found, the family of wild boars can live for a long time until the carcasses are picked to the bone. After that, the animals eat the bones, providing themselves with calcium, which is particularly lacking in spring and winter.
From unusual plants for us, the wild boar prefers nettle bilobed and burning, rhizomes of the mountaineer, eats flowers of anemone and actively eats the larvae. In the frosty period, it can tear the ground and gnaw the roots of blueberry bushes. Wild fruit trees in the summer supplement the diet of wild boar with cherries, cherry plum, pears and apples. In different regions of Russia, these animals feed in different ways due to differences in the natural flora.
For example, near the Volga, animals actively eat reeds, cattails, and Chilim, a water nut. And wild pigs are very fond of plants such as arrowhead - they prefer tubers, and umbrella susak. Surprisingly, these animals also eat fish, especially during the spawning season or in places where cormorants are fed. By the way, the boar eats locusts, which significantly contributes to the control of its population.
The pet eats much more "nobly," and certainly not the bones and remains of carcasses. A boar in the yard prefers high-quality food, eats a lot - up to 5 kilograms of food per day. Currently, pig owners are increasingly switching to animal feed and concentrates, and feed food waste to their pets. In the villages, old-fashioned cooked porridge, give the pigs mash of potatoes, bread, bran. Mandatory green fresh grass, mineral supplements.
The main home diet of the boar is cereals (oats, wheat), cereals (corn, peas, but not many), green fodder (in summer). Various vegetables, fruits, tops of plants, as well as fresh cut grass (clover, willow herb). And domestic, and wild pig perfectly versed in herbs, and would never eat a poisonous plant, also will not begin to chew burdocks. These animals like euphorbia and dandelions are very fond of, but the swan, which the adult mumps eagerly eats, cannot be given to the piglets, can be poisoned.
In general, the diet of boar should be varied and nutritious. In factories, feeding the boar directly affects the quality of his offspring. Therefore, it begins to feed and injected into the diet of minerals, vitamins no less than 3 months before mating with a pig. However, if you grow a record holder, you can always keep it on a super nutritious and balanced diet.Table of feeding standards for boars up to two and older than two years
The summer ration of a wild boar should be satisfying, but not heavy for the stomach. Be sure to need wet and solid feed. The basis of the diet is leguminous (not less than 20% of peas or soy), microbial protein (about 30%, is introduced in a dry form), as well as green food (10%) and fiber (about 2%). The rest of the ration is for cereals, as they serve to gain weight.
In the summer, boars are fed three times, in the morning and in the evening they give softer feed, that is, mash, and during the day the most dense protein food (if the animal is omnivorous). In summer, herbivorous species contain mainly grain feeds with the addition of vegetables, grass, greenery, and necessarily special compound feeds for herbivorous species. Water all summer should be freely available to pigs.
Winter boar food should consist of concentrates, succulent feed, animal feed and grass meal. The approximate ratio in percent: concentrates - 60%, juicy - 30%, animals - 5%, grass meal - 5%. The best for winter time is considered to be feed from a mixture of leguminous and cereals with mineral and vitamin supplements. In winter, meals are also three times a day, but the mash is given in the evening. The other two methods are cereals with additives.