A variety of ear diseases in rabbits are often characterized by the presence of sores. This is based on the sensitivity of this organ to infections and parasites. The symptomatology of all diseases is very similar, but the treatment methods have significant differences. The rabbit ear is the organ of hearing, with the help of which the animal subtly feels the world around. Therefore, all ear pathologies immediately negatively affect the general condition of the pet. And the lack of therapy can lead to death.
The main symptoms of the disease
In rabbits, ear disease can be triggered by various factors - infection, adverse weather conditions, parasites. All illnesses have similar visual signs:
- the animal often scratches its ears and shakes its head;
- on the ears of scratching wounds, sores and scabs are formed;
- behavior changes - appetite disappears, anxiety appears;
- unnatural position of the head - it can be lowered down or turned to the side;
- the ears of the rabbit are lowered;
- coordination of movements is disturbed.
It is important to understand the symptoms of which particular disease manifested. Proper diagnosis will help you find the right treatment and prevent the death of the animal. Some rabbit ear diseases are highly contagious. In this case, a timely response will help avoid the spread of infection to all livestock.
Further in the article we will consider in detail all the most common diseases of the ears in rabbits and will understand what to treat each of them.
Acute inflammatory process
Often purulent otitis is diagnosed in rabbits. The causes of internal inflammation are hypothermia, fungi, or bacteria. Ears are most vulnerable in rabbits, which are kept in poor conditions. Cold, dirt and poor-quality food lead to a sharp decrease in the immunity of the animal. If you do not cure the disease in a timely manner, the infection can enter the blood. It is possible brain damage.
In some cases, otitis can be a complication of another ear ailment. The disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- the rabbit shakes its ears, tilts its head to the side (by paying attention to which side the head is tilted, one can understand what kind of ear hurts);
- loss of appetite, lethargy;
- Sulfur with impurities of pus is actively flowing from the ears.
When the otitis gives the rabbit great suffering, he lies on his side and hardly moves. Without an antibiotic, it is almost impossible to defeat the disease.
Attack of parasites
One of the most common pathologies in rabbits is psoroptosis or ear scabies. The causative agent of the disease acts tick. The size of the parasite is very small, you can only see it under a microscope.
The source of the spread of infection are sick rabbits. In addition, microscopic insects can settle on the host's clothing, dishes and tools, thus spreading through all the cells.
The tick begins to actively multiply in the ear canals and auricles. With a neglected form of the disease, scabs are present not only in the inner part of the ear, but also in the area around it.
The disease has pronounced symptoms:
- the rabbit actively scratches his ears and waves his head;
- the behavior becomes very restless - the eared mouse actively moves around the cage or the aviary, trying to scratch its ears about all the available places;
- on visual inspection of the inner surface of the auricle, red nodules are clearly visible, which eventually turn into blisters filled with turbid liquid;
- when the blisters burst, scabs and dense crusts of yellow-brown color are formed in their place.
More information about the symptoms of this disease can be found in the article "Treatment of the ear mite in a rabbit."
All movements of microscopic mites bring tremendous discomfort to the rabbit - it can brush its ears to blood. Many skin lesions can cause infection of the infection, provoking purulent otitis media. If time does not lead to a therapy that will help get rid of parasites and reduce inflammation, the animal will die.
A virus requiring complex treatment
Speaking about the common ear diseases of rabbits, not to mention myxomatosis. This is a viral disease, one of the symptoms of which is ear pathology.
The first signs of myxomatosis are increased tearing of the eyes, which turns into purulent conjunctivitis. A little later, nodules and bumps begin to appear on the ears and muzzle, some of them grow to the size of a quail egg.
The virus develops very quickly. In the first 3-4 days there is an increase in body temperature. Later, the face swells up severely, the nodules appear all over the body, ulcers form in the place of the cones.
Carriers of the virus are insects - mosquitoes and lice. That is why the peak in the incidence of myxomatosis occurs in the warm season. When at least one diseased individual is identified in the herd, it is necessary to isolate it as soon as possible, since the disease is quickly transmitted from the sick rabbit to the healthy one.
Only vaccination can protect against this deadly virus. Rabbits are vaccinated at 45 days of age.
More information about preventive measures can be found in the article "About myxomatosis in rabbits."
Ears in a rabbit can itch and crust due to infection of wounds received during fights or through negligence. The risk of injury increases if nails or sharp edges of the metal mesh stick in the cage.
When pathogens enter an open wound, an inflammatory process begins, accompanied by the release of pus. At the confluence of favorable conditions - weakened immunity, violation of sanitary standards of maintenance - the focus of inflammation will increase.
Excessive accumulation of sulfur in the ears also brings discomfort to the animal.
If the accumulation of natural secretions is not accompanied by redness, peeling or an unpleasant odor - there is no cause for concern. It is enough to clean the ear with a cotton swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide or a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Often occurs in rabbits and scab - a fungal disease that affects areas of the body that are not covered with hair or have a short coat. Another name for the disease is scabies. It is provoked by a fungus of the genus Achorion, which multiplies by spores.
On the ears, head and paws of an animal appear scabs having the shape of a circle. The edges of such a "saucer" are slightly higher than the middle part. If you remove the crust, you can see the dusty white contents - this is the dispute.
Other pets can spread the disease - cats, dogs, and guinea pigs, which are also vulnerable to this fungus.
All animals infected with scabies should be quarantined. Cells where they were kept must be disinfected. The rabbit is considered non-infectious 14 days after complete recovery.
General rules of therapy
Now let's talk about how to treat the sores in the ears of rabbits. The scheme of therapy and a set of necessary drugs depend on the type of disease, its nature and characteristics of the course.
To cure the animal from the ear sores, you need to follow the following plan:
- maceration and removal of crusts;
- treatment of wounds and the inner surface of the ear;
- general therapy.
A mixture of glycerol and iodine (alcohol solution) in a ratio of 1: 4 is well suited for maceration. It is important not only what to treat, but also how to treat - the bloom should be well soaked and easily removed with smooth movements with a cotton swab. It is unacceptable to peel, such actions will lead to a deterioration of the animal's ears.
When the glycerin-iodine mixture has done its job and the surface of the ears is completely free from plaque, it is time to treat the sores with drugs. For these purposes, ointments, sprays, oils or powders may be used.
For example, the ear mite dies, with careful treatment of all affected areas with oil. The greasy layer blocks the access of air and the microscopic insect suffocates.
You can make your own medicine by mixing turpentine and vegetable oil in equal proportions. From pharmaceutical preparations, Dicresyl and Tsiodrin possess good efficacy. But they can not be used more often than once a week. With more frequent use, burns to the inner surface of the ear can occur. A more benign drug is Amitrazine. It is allowed to use it once a week.
From folk remedies against ear mite in rabbits, you can also select camphor oil, which has a warming effect.
When purulent otitis after cleaning the ear of pus and sulfur, you need to drip any anti-inflammatory drops. For example, "Surolan." To use according to the instruction - 2-3 times a day. Additional treatment includes antibiotic injections. In ear diseases, oxytetracycline is most often used in a proportion of 10 mg / 1 kg.
It is extremely difficult to fight myxomatosis virus. Subcutaneous injections of drugs "Gamavit" or "Baytril" will help the rabbit's body to overcome the disease. More resistant to rabbit disease, they have a better chance of complete recovery. Sores, nodules and bumps are treated with iodine. The eyes and nose of the rabbit can be washed with a decoction of chamomile and potassium permanganate solution.
The destructive influence of low temperatures
Rabbits are very sensitive to environmental conditions. Too high or too low temperatures adversely affect their health.
In winter, you can often notice that a rabbit has cold ears. The explanation for this phenomenon is simple - due to poor blood supply to the organ, it is more sensitive to frost.
There are three stages of frostbite. At first, the ears first turn red and swollen. Attempting to touch them causes a vivid reaction of the animal, which indicates a painful sensation. After a short time blisters appear on the ears, filled with a turbid liquid - these are symptoms of the second stage. To save the organ, the animal is placed in a warm room. And wounds are treated with healing and disinfecting agents.
The most dangerous for the animal is the third stage, the signs of which are blackened frostbitten ears. In this case we are talking about the dying off of living tissues. Their treatment consists in amputation of the dead parts, otherwise gangrene will begin. To save the body is completely impossible.
In order for the rabbit not to freeze his ears, the room in which the cages stand must be protected from wind and drafts. In the period of severe frosts it is recommended to use additional heating.
Heat is also an enemy
Next, let's talk about why the rabbit has hot ears.
Most likely, the animal simply overheated. If at the same time the rabbit behaves actively, eats and drinks water - it is hot, but there is no heat stroke. If it is not possible to relocate the cages to a cooler place, try to lower the air temperature by folding the frozen water bottles in or near the cages.
The roof of the cells is covered with a thick layer of straw, which is periodically shed with water - this also contributes to the creation of a more comfortable air temperature.
If the pet has hot ears, and it looks sluggish and painful, you need to gradually cool it. To do this, a soft cloth is well wetted in cool water, which you need to moisten the hair on the head, behind the ears, on the back. Movement should be smooth, direction - from head to tail. Do not use ice water - a sharp temperature drop can only worsen the condition.
What to do with ear diseases in rabbits, we found out. Let's talk now about how to prevent the development of the disease.
It is important to carry out timely cleaning and disinsection of cells and aviaries. Mice and rats are often carriers of the infection, so it is important to get rid of them in a timely manner.
At the first signs of the disease, you should immediately begin treatment. To defeat the disease is easier at the initial stage of its development. Do not neglect the vaccination of rabbits against various types of viral diseases, including myxomatosis.
Like, if you read the article, you learned how to cure your pet from ear sores.
Share in comments, what kind of ear diseases of rabbits you have come across, and how you struggled with them.