Coccidiosis in chickens is one of the most common diseases among domestic birds. What are its features, dangers and how to treat, let's talk in the article.
Coccidiosis is a disease caused by Eimeria parasites. They multiply in the intestines and disrupt the digestive system. As a result, chicken is found to have dehydration, impaired food absorption, weight loss, and reduced immunity. This is the danger of the disease, because the bird's body becomes vulnerable to serious diseases.
Like many parasitic diseases, coccidiosis is manifested in young chickens or in chickens. Over time, the immune system produces protection to the pathogen and adult birds no longer get sick of it. However, as practice shows, parasites are often found of different species, therefore, in adults, they cause deterioration in health.
The danger of coccidiosis is that it overtakes domestic chickens everywhere and does not manifest itself in the first stages of infection. After the parasites of the oocysts multiply strongly and already affect the entire intestine, the disease is more difficult to treat and often the bird dies. It is important for chicks at an early age to prevent this disease by vaccination.
With the appearance of coccidiosis in the early stages, the bird does not differ from its healthy relatives. However, after a couple of days, she becomes lethargic, her appetite disappears, the chicken sits with her eyes closed, and her intestines swollen. Also observed diarrhea reddish color, sometimes with blood, goiter swollen and empty. In the early stages of the disease, the chicks stop growing.
- Poor hygiene. Coccidiosis of chickens, like all parasitic diseases, is a disease of dirt and inconsistencies with the sanitary standards of the birds. Infection occurs through litter, dirty water, poor food, equipment. In warm, rainy weather, especially the need to monitor the purity of young chickens.
- Stress and change of feed.
- Poor immunity of chickens, susceptibility. Chickens of all breeds are prone to the disease. The most unstable to parasites are chickens aged 20-30 days - 2 months.
Also carriers of oocysts can be other birds, insects, water from the street, for example, puddles with droppings. Dampness of the premises, mud house, a lot of litter on the site for walking - all this is favorable conditions for the development of coccidiosis.
The main difficulty in treating coccidiosis is that it is difficult to identify in the early stages. And with strong reproduction, parasites become resistant to all drugs used in veterinary practice. In the external environment, the larvae and eggs can live up to a year. However, they die at elevated temperatures. That is why, as a preventive measure, the walls and floor of the house should be regularly treated with a blowtorch. Also parasites take root poorly in dry rooms.
With the disease used drugs coccidiostatics, which completely block the development. Apply them as an impurity to the feed. You can also use coccidiovit, sulfadimetoksin, sulfadimezin. In relation to this particular disease is easier to prevent than to treat. Follow the rules:
- veterinary and sanitary standards - cleanliness and dryness of the room, place of walking;
- high-quality vitamin food to maintain immunity;
- salt and shell in the diet;
- add to the diet of dairy products;
- prevention as special drugs - phenothiazine, osarsol and sulfaguanidine.