We will tell why rabbits die in the farm. This does not happen so rarely, and therefore worries all farmers. It happens that healthy, at first glance, animals suddenly begin to die, and the owner does not understand the reason. They can be several at once - from eating disorders to dangerous infectious diseases. In this article you will find information about all the most probable cases of death of representatives of the hare family. Also, you will learn how to deal with it and how to save livestock.
Signs of a healthy animal
Sometimes diseases make themselves felt not immediately. Obvious symptoms may appear even when it is useless to treat a rabbit. Therefore, you need to understand how a healthy animal looks and behaves.
Even if you follow all sanitary and hygienic rules when keeping rabbits, you need to constantly monitor their condition. A healthy individual is active, eats well, has a smooth, shiny coat. There should be no discharge from the eyes or nose.
The body temperature in rabbits is normal around 39.5 degrees. Pulse - no more than 160 beats per minute, respiratory rate - 60 times per minute.
About developing disease can say a change in the color and consistency of feces. It is usually dark and dense. If it has become too light, greenish, mucus has appeared in it, diarrhea or constipation has arisen, this is a reason to sound the alarm.
You should also be wary if the rabbit began to drink more often, there were discharges from the eyes, nose, and the wool grew dull or began to fall out.
What can cause illness?
Diseases are infectious and non-infectious. However, the risk factors that trigger any kind of illness are always the same. The newborn rabbit is insured against contagious diseases, the rest are vulnerable.
Most often, rabbits are diagnosed with:
- myxomatosis (plague);
- coccidiosis (eymeriosis);
- viral hemorrhagic disease.
If the farmer does not understand why rabbits die, first of all, you need to think about the conditions of the animals.
If the cells are irregularly or improperly cleaned, the water in the drinkers does not change, the equipment does not wash, poor food is used and the rabbits are kept in cramped conditions, the likelihood of mass diseases and deaths approaches 100%.
Although, caring owners are not insured. Some viruses, bacteria and parasites get to animals through insects. Often the mass death of rabbits comes after the delivery of new individuals to the farm, which have not been carefully checked for the presence of diseases.
The time of the year also matters. Many illnesses occur more frequently in summer than in winter, since most microorganisms prefer heat.
Infectious diseases, VGBK
Ailments of infectious nature are dangerous because they spread rapidly. As a result, all livestock may die.
One of the most common diseases is viral hemorrhagic disease of rabbits, or UHD. It is also called simply fever. It proceeds in an acute form, it is easily transmitted. The young are most vulnerable to VGBK from 2 months of age. Animals younger are immune.
A fever-causing virus targets the lungs and the liver. The insidiousness of his is that he is able for a long time not to cause obvious symptoms. The microbe is stable, remains active up to 5 years. Rabbits who are lucky enough to survive are transformed into carriers, which is why they are dangerous for fellows.
The main symptoms of VGBK: lethargy, fever, lack of appetite, diarrhea, tachycardia, bloating, runny nose. If an individual is infected a long time ago, a small amount of blood can flow from the anus and mouth.
UHD is almost not treated, but there is serum, which is used for prophylaxis.
Read more in the article "Hemorrhagic disease in rabbits."
Coccidiosis, leading to exhaustion
Coccidiosis, or eymerioz cause unicellular parasites. The disease has two forms: hepatic and intestinal. Often they occur simultaneously.
Hepatic coccidiosis rabbits get sick for a long time, up to 8 weeks, and the symptoms are not obvious at first. Progressing, the disease causes signs of jaundice, upset stool. The sick animal loses weight. Over time, death comes from exhaustion.
With intestinal type of coccidiosis, the body is also depleted, but much faster - in 7-10 days. In this case, diarrhea alternates with constipation, appetite disappears, the rabbit's belly becomes flabby, and swelling occurs.
If an individual is affected by different types of coccidia, and it develops both forms of the disease, the illness is acute, the rabbit dies quickly. In general, the mortality from coccidiosis is up to 70%.
Eumeriosis is treated with both medications and folk remedies, for example, iodine. Read more in the article "Symptoms and treatment of coccidiosis in rabbits."
Cysticercosis - the scourge of young animals
This disease is also one of those that have been secret for a long time. Often, the animals simply die, and only after the autopsy is it possible to understand the cause.
Cysticercosis is caused by tapeworms. Rather, their larvae, which are derived from the eggs and spread through different organs of the animal. If he has strong immunity, the larvae remain encapsulated and do no harm, but the meat of such a rabbit is dangerous.
If the animal is weak or has swallowed many eggs at a time, the body cannot suppress the parasites. Then there are symptoms: weakness and depression, increasing diarrhea, loss of appetite, yellow skin, mucous membranes, white eyes. If you push the rabbit on the stomach in the area of the liver, it will show that it hurts because the parasite concentrates in this organ.
Another symptom of cysticercosis is rapid depletion. If the rabbit is losing weight rapidly, and you cannot understand why, it is possible that he has this disease.
Cysticercosis is treated with anthelmintic drugs: mebendazole, praziquantel, and others. In the article "About worms in rabbits," you will find a lot of interesting information.
Pasteurellosis: dangerous but curable
As soon as one rabbit gets infected with this disease, it instantly spreads to others. Often for some couple of days, all rabbits die. Age does not matter, all animals are subject to pasteurellosis.
The disease is caused by a stick Pasteurella. Infection occurs through household items, from a sick individual. Bacteria are transmitted by rodents and birds.
The disease develops gradually, at the initial stage it is difficult to recognize it. At the same time, in order not to lose livestock, treatment should be started as soon as possible.
Symptoms are not typical, they can be attributed to many diseases, so you need to be careful. When pasteurellosis in rabbits, the temperature rises, weakness, runny nose, sneezing, upset stools, bloating appear, and wheezing can be heard when breathing.
Fortunately, the disease quickly passes with antibiotic treatment.
Horrible dream of a livestock breeder - distemper
Only 5% of rabbits survive if myxomatosis is registered on the farm, or, as the people call it, distemper.
The disease causes a virus that spreads through the air and with blood-sucking insects. At first, he doesn’t show himself at all, which is why ailment often becomes a surprise even for an understanding breeder. The absence of symptoms, however, does not prevent the sick individual from infecting his fellows, and the distemper quickly covers the population.
In animals infected with myxomatosis, the following signs of the disease are noted: pus in the eyes, appearance of growths on the body, nasal discharge, apathy. Most often, the sick rabbit dies in 7-8 days. The strongest can stretch 2 weeks.
Treatment of myxomatosis is possible only at an early stage, and even then it is not always effective. The best measure to combat distemper - vaccination of pets.
Tularemia - the invisible disease
Sometimes, in the summer, rabbits suddenly begin to die for no apparent reason. This happens in winter, but much less often. Usually the cause is tularemia.
This disease is caused by bacteria. It is dangerous not only for rabbits, but also for most other domestic and farm animals, as well as for humans. It is transmitted through the air, with food, through insects.
The disease affects the lymph nodes, because of which the obvious manifestations of the disease may not be. Often tularaemia is diagnosed by autopsy. If symptoms occur, then the following: runny nose, fever, swollen lymph nodes, loss of appetite, seizures.
The death rate reaches 90%, but some animals can not die. They acquire immunity.
Treatment with antibiotics can only help at the very beginning of the disease. There is no vaccine against tularemia for rabbits.
Non-contagious diseases: flatulence, timpaniya
Yes, animals suffer greatly from such a seemingly trivial disorder as bloating. Flatulence, timpani - this is what rabbits die from is not so rare.
The fact is that these animals have an extremely sensitive digestive system. The slightest failure - and there are a lot of problems that are sometimes irreversible. Flatulence usually happens when a sudden transition to unfamiliar food or when absorbing moist food, very juicy greens.
A rabbit suffering from flatulence suffers from pain and discomfort, stops eating, falls into apathy and loses weight. Due to fermentation in the intestine grows harmful microflora, which begins to destroy its walls. As a result, death occurs.
We will show you what to do if such signs are revealed. The rabbit is left without food for 12 hours, is drunk with lactic acid, ichthyol solution (10%). However, if the timpani is very strong, the animal is easier to score.
Inflammation, poisoning and mites
If the farmer is inattentive, he may unwittingly poison the rabbits. With fresh grass in the feeder can be harmful plants: horsetail, edible buttercup, beet or potato tops, urman. After poisoning, the rabbits begin to stagger, they have saliva flowing from their mouths, diarrhea, sometimes convulsions. Death occurs due to intoxication. Treat poisoning with activated carbon, enemas and laxatives.
Scabies do not cause death by themselves, but they lead to complications that cause the animal to die. Parasites settle in the ears, corrode the skin, which begins to itch badly. The rabbit becomes restless, loses appetite. Often ear mites cause otitis.
Rabbits, especially young animals, are subject to inflammatory diseases. Draft, cold and dampness can lead to pneumonia. Gastritis and intestinal inflammation - a consequence of negligent attitude to nutrition of pets. Insanitary conditions, floors made of mesh, lead to poddermatit - ulcers on the pads.
Avitaminosis is also dangerous.
All of these diseases in the absence of treatment lead to the death of animals.
Causes of death of babies
Now let's talk about why rabbits die. Usually, mother's milk provides them with immunity in the first few months, but sometimes the young growth begins to die. There are several reasons for this.
If the cage is dirty, the little bunny rabbit can die if infected with staphylococcus aureus. He may also develop stomatitis. His signs: white bloom in the mouth, redness of mucous membranes, drooling, the animal grit its teeth.
At sub-zero temperatures, newborn baby rabbits can die even on warm bedding, since they do not yet have full-fledged wool, and thermoregulation is not formed. Cages with rabbits and litter should be kept in a warm room.
It happens that the rabbit has little or no milk. Perhaps she herself is ill. For example, infectious mastitis, which occurs because baby rabbits hurt mother's nipples when feeding. If an infection gets in the wounds, the female will fall ill and may die. In such cases, the young are killed by malnutrition.
Finally, after jigging from the mother, the rabbit loses the immune protection that milk provided to them. During this period, disease resistance falls, and animals are vulnerable to all infectious diseases.
Injuries, heatstroke, frostbite
Rabbits can fight each other, especially in cramped cages. Also, if the cells are of poor quality, the animals are able to get stuck in the holes and get fractures, scratching on protruding sharp parts.
Now what to do if the pet is injured. Small wounds are sufficiently treated with antiseptics so that they do not become inflamed. Fractures will have to go to the vet.
Too low or high temperatures are dangerous for rabbits. Some livestock breeders do not take into account that keeping in the cold can cause severe, even death, frostbite. If rabbits are kept on the street all the time, especially in the northern regions, the case is very likely for this reason. Weak frostbite is treated with camphor ointment and heat.
Sometimes in the summer the rabbit bark, coming to inspect the farm, discovers that the rabbit in the cage lies motionless and breathes heavily. Most likely, it is a heatstroke.
In warm weather, animals should be protected from direct sunlight. They need free water and constant air circulation in the cells. The injured rabbit should be placed in a cool place. If possible, give water. Otherwise, convulsions will begin, and then death will occur.
How to protect livestock from deaths
Competent prevention will help protect rabbits from many diseases.
Sanitation and hygiene conditions are extremely important. The cells should be dry, clean, with a grate instead of the floor. They need to be cleaned daily so that waste products do not accumulate. Drafts should be avoided, but cells should be ventilated.
If you have given birth to a rabbit, she and the rabbits should be placed in a warm place and strictly follow the purity of their cage.
If the rabbits do not eat the food, it must be removed. Water in the drinking bowl should be changed the more often the better.
Young rabbits need to inspect every day. Inspection carried out carefully to notice any pathological changes. Adults are examined once every 1-2 weeks.
Regular disinfection of cells and equipment, as well as vaccination, are critical if you want to have healthy animals. It should be understood that only healthy rabbits can be vaccinated. The vaccine should not be expired.
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