Almost all breeders are familiar with the phenomenon of constipation in a rabbit. Digestive problems in an animal detrimental to its health and can cause death. The phenomenon is due to the anatomical structure of the rodent's stomach. If it is constantly filled with food, general intoxication of the body begins. In this situation, the correct treatment and prompt elimination of the causes provoking an undesirable effect will help save the pet.
The most common causes
Rabbits are demanding animals, clearly reacting to violation of the rules of maintenance. All factors provoking constipation can be divided into two groups - non-infectious and infectious.
The rodent's digestive system contains the bacteria Clostridium spp. If the number of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms exceeds the permissible norms, there is a violation of peristalsis. That, in turn, causes a large amount of gas to accumulate.
The rabbit does not just do not go to the toilet in large, but suffers from severe pain. The reproduction of bacteria Clostridium spp is accompanied by the release of a huge amount of toxins, which have a detrimental effect on the liver. Lack of therapy leads to the death of the animal.
Non-infectious causes of constipation:
- lack of physical activity - too tight a cell, limiting the movement of the animal, can cause illness;
- unbalanced diet - in particular, we are talking about an insufficient amount of fiber in food;
- dehydration, which can be caused by dry air, diseases, lack of water in the drinking trough, too high ambient temperature;
- an abrupt change of diet - for example, when, after prolonged feeding with greens, the animal is rapidly converted to dry food;
- stress - constipation in an ornamental rabbit may occur immediately after its purchase by a new owner.
During the molt period, the rodent may accumulate wool in the stomach, resulting in problems with digestion.
Symptoms that indicate illness
To identify symptoms of delayed feces, it is important to monitor the pet. Digestive problems immediately affect the behavior of rabbits and adults. Surely we can say that the attentive and caring owner will be able to easily notice the signs of the disease and cure the rodent.
Symptoms directly depend on the causes of constipation. The reproduction of pathogenic bacteria is accompanied by the following features:
- mucus is present in the feces;
- frequent alternation of diarrhea and constipation;
- lack of appetite;
- decrease in the activity of the animal.
If a rabbit has constipation, it is not only sluggish and apathetic, but also vice versa - too active, restless.
The presence of the above symptoms is a good reason to see a specialist. To destroy pathogenic microflora is possible only with the use of drugs. Otherwise, the animal will die from intoxication.
Delayed fecal non-infectious nature is less life-threatening, but delivers a lot of agony to the rabbit. Characteristic symptoms of the disease - a sharp decrease in appetite, lack of feces, hunched back, loud rumbling in the abdomen. Gases that fill the intestines cause pain, so the rodent can grind its teeth.
What to do with constipation in a rabbit caused by an unhealthy diet or a stressful situation, we will describe further.
First of all, the rabbit, which is suspected constipation, should be transplanted into a separate cell. Be sure to put the drinker with clean water and put hay. It is not recommended to give greens, fresh vegetables and fruits, as these products can provoke bloating.
If the animal does not eat at all for a long period, the lack of feces may indicate a completely empty stomach. In this case, you need to make a special dressing.
A small amount of grass granules or hay are ground to a uniform powder. Next, the herbal powder must be diluted with warm boiled water to a state of watery gruel. Feed the rabbit with this mixture using a small syringe without a needle. If after feeding the act of defecation did not take place, then you definitely need to treat constipation.
It is advisable to find an opportunity and let the animal go for a walk in a spacious open-air cage and a room - this can help with non-infectious digestive disorders.
Gentle massage of the abdomen is also effective - movements should be smooth, directed from the chest towards the sacrum. You should not make too much effort, just light pressure.
Vegetable or liquid paraffin also helps cleanse the intestines. A small amount of oily liquid (5-7 ml) is collected in the syringe and poured into the rabbit's throat.
If all of the above actions have not brought the desired result, the veterinarian will tell you how to treat the animal, which should be consulted immediately.
Constipation of infectious nature is treated with antibiotics. Additionally, cerrucal may be prescribed (no more than 0.2 ml twice a day for intramuscular or subcutaneous injection), regulax (9-10 drops, diluted in 1 ml of water), and a bottle (for pain, dissolve the tablet in drinking water). It is important to introduce the correct dose of the drug to the rodent.
To eliminate the gases, they give espumizan 2 ml twice a day, and duphalac is used as a laxative (pour 0.5 ml twice a day into the mouth).
How to avoid problems
Such an unpleasant phenomenon as constipation in a rabbit can be avoided by providing the pet with proper care.
First of all, digestion depends on the diet. The pet's daily menu should include hay, greens, pellets and clean water.
Very useful are walks. Rodents who walk daily in a spacious aviary are much less likely to have health problems.
Rabbits are among the shy animals - harsh sounds can cause stress.
Do not neglect the services of a specialist. A qualified veterinarian can always tell what to do if a rabbit has constipation or other health problems. And improper home treatment can only aggravate the situation.
If your pet has the opposite situation with the intestines, then read the article "Causes and treatment of diarrhea in rabbits."
Please like it if you find answers to your questions in the article.
Share in the comments what methods of prevention of constipation are known to you.