Along with other diseases, eye diseases of rabbits can cause great damage to the health of your pets, and in some cases even lead to death. The vision of these animals allows them to have an overview of about 360 degrees, so even the slightest deviation from the norm leads to stress, which negatively affects the work of other organs and systems. Animals weaken the immune system, and diseases affecting your pets can lead to their early death.
Dangerous diseases of domestic rabbits
Breeding rabbits at home is a profitable occupation, since these animals are actively breeding and growing rapidly, gaining 2-3 kg of industrial weight by three months.
The main problem of domestic rabbits, as well as their wild counterparts, is a weak immunity and susceptibility to various diseases.
Rabbits suffer from infectious, inflammatory, skin diseases, helminth infections, eye diseases, circulatory, digestive and nervous systems.
In this series, eye diseases in rabbits stand apart, which cause them serious stress, directly affecting their health. If the rabbit eyes fester, then it should be strengthened observation, and when other signs of a painful condition appear, immediately contact a veterinarian.
Remember that eye disease in a rabbit is the first sign of impending danger that can lead to the death of the entire population.
About what there are eye diseases in rabbits and their treatment, we will discuss in this article.
Conjunctivitis and its forms
Conjunctivitis is considered to be the most serious eye disease in a rabbit, in which the mucous membrane inflames, begins profuse lacrimation or suppuration, leading to souring and sticking of the eyelids.
Among the causes of conjunctivitis are:
- mechanical damage to the cornea;
- allergic reactions;
- infectious lesions.
Conjunctivitis in rabbits is manifested in the primary redness of the eyes and heavy tearing. The animal's eyelids swell, and it begins to experience photophobia and tends to hide in a less-lit corner of the cage.
If you did not start treatment in time, after a few days you will notice how the eyes of the rabbits fester, and the eyelids gradually become covered with a white or yellowish crust, and can stick together.
Often, eye disease is non-infectious. Then it is enough to wipe the eyelids regularly with antiseptic solutions, and in case of an infectious disease, antibiotics and other medications will be required.
If you keep not one, but several animals in group cages, then rabbits can get mechanical head injuries as a result of fighting among themselves. Hard food and excessively hard bedding can also injure the cornea. This is the main reason why a rabbit has watery eyes, and one of its eyes is rotten.
Eye inflammation is treatable.
Most often, these symptoms themselves go away within 2-3 days, but sometimes the pathogenic bacteria that cause inflammation and pus are released into the damaged areas. If the conjunctivitis in a rabbit enters a neglected stage, then the amount of accumulated pus can glue the eyelids, making it impossible for the animal to see.
In mechanical conjunctivitis in rabbits, as in other animals, one eye is most often damaged, which tears and festers. But the treatment should be carried out comprehensively, treating both eyeballs.
In order not to constantly contact veterinarians, we will show you how to treat and how to treat non-infectious conjunctivitis of rabbits. This will help save time and your own money.
First of all, the eyes of the animal should be washed, removing pus. To do this, use a gauze pad moistened with a 3% solution of boric acid or manganese. Each watery eye is treated with a separate swab.
Removing purulent discharge, you need to start washing your eyes with a solution of furatsilin (1 tablet per 100 g of water). The procedure is repeated at least 3 times a day.
For the destruction of pathogenic bacteria in the eyes of a little rabbit, you can bury Cypromed, Gentamicin or Albucidi for children, as well as use tetracycline ointment.
Tears from beriberi
One of the causes of conjunctivitis is the usual avitaminosis associated with improper feeding and lack of fat-soluble vitamins of groups A and D in the rabbit. Suffering rabbits itch the eyes and scratch them constantly with their paws.
From the resulting damage to the eyes become red, swelling and swelling appear.
If you notice that the rabbit's eyes are swollen and tearing has begun, then you need to immediately enrich its diet with clover, alfalfa, carrots, cabbage. Be sure to add 0.3-0.5 g of fish oil to young animals, and each adult can be given up to 1.5 g of this useful product per day.
The daily dose for the suckling females can be increased up to 2.5 g, and for the lactating ones up to 3.5 g of fish oil.
Eyes must be washed with a solution of furatsilina or chamomile extract, which has strong antibacterial properties. If tearing has not stopped within two days, this may be a sign of another serious illness, including viral infections.
In this case, immediately contact the veterinarian, who will reveal the signs of the underlying disease and prescribe the correct treatment.
Infectious damage to the organs of vision
Why a rabbit's eye festers, we will tell further. The most dangerous form of conjunctivitis occurs when the virus is infected with myxomatosis, a deadly disease whose treatment methods have not yet been invented.
Myxomatosis infection is transmitted by fleas, mosquitoes, lice and mosquitoes, as well as by direct contact of a sick rabbit with a healthy one. The disease is developing rapidly, and immunity cannot cope with it.
The disease is manifested by the appearance of tumors in the nose, an increase in the upper eyelid and a plentiful discharge of pus, which glues the eyes of the sick animal.
When detecting signs of disease, an animal with purulent eyes should be immediately isolated from other rabbits. If the infection was detected at the initial stage, and your livestock was timely vaccinated with an associated vaccine, you can try to treat it with immunomodulators and antibiotics, although there is very little chance of recovery.
In the ornamental rabbit, the innate immunity is very weak and it is impossible to cure it of myxomatosis.
Read more in the article "About myxomatosis in rabbits."
Bacterial eye damage
A huge danger for young animals is a disease such as uveitis, which develops when infection is introduced into the eyes. Bacteria get into small wounds, and the immunity of weakened animals can not resist their reproduction.
When uveitis intraocular pressure decreases, the cornea is covered with white spots, and the mucous membrane of the eyeball dries out.
Antibiotics are used for treatment, and in a neglected form, surgical removal of the lens is required.
In diseases of the gums and teeth in rabbits, dacryocystitis develops, accompanied by the accumulation of pus in the optic canals. After stopping the oral cavity, anti-inflammatory ointments are used for treatment.
Also, due to problems with the teeth, a disease such as exophthalmos can develop, in which the eyeballs of animals shift forward and the quality of vision decreases. Most often, surgical removal of a sore eye helps to get rid of this disease; what to do in the conditions of industrial rabbit breeding does not make sense.
Often, rabbit breeders are faced with a disease such as a corneal ulcer, which develops as a result of animal injuries, congenital eyelid diseases, and infectious injuries of an external and internal nature.
The first sign of the disease is the appearance of swelling of the eyes, profuse tearing, and muscle spasms in which the rabbit cannot open its eyes.
Dead cells completely cover the eyes with a whitish film, and the process of the death of living tissues goes with a very high speed.
If you do not start treatment in a timely manner, the eye dies completely and flows out. For treatment, you need to invite a veterinarian who will determine the stage of development of the disease, removing dead skin and pus from the eyeball.
If the eye of the rabbit can still be saved, it is prescribed drug treatment with antibiotics. The most commonly prescribed is Tauphon, which promotes tissue repair, or Cephalexin drops, made on the basis of atropine.
Inflammation of the lacrimal canal and lens
With inflammation of the lacrimal sac in rabbits, an epiphora or "wet disease" develops. The reason for blocking the lacrimal canal is the incorrect growth of the root system of the incisors and cilia.
Such an animal, due to the large amount of fluid accumulating in the lacrimal sac, swells up and constantly has a watery eye. To reduce the lacrimation, it is necessary to constantly wipe his eyes with gauze swabs with antiseptic substances. It is necessary to press lightly on the lacrimal sac, from where it is required to remove excess fluid from the eyes. Sometimes you need to remove your teeth and conduct a comprehensive antibiotic treatment.
Old rabbits on the basis of diabetes mellitus or viral encephalitis can develop a cataract. A cloudy spot or thorn appears on the eye, completely covering the lens, leading to the development of blindness.
Some animals develop glaucoma. It is accompanied by increased intraocular pressure and severe pain in the eye area. Glaucoma and cataracts are treated only by surgical removal of the affected eye.
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