Despite the domestication of animals, there are still many wild pig breeds, among which the musk pig stands out. In another way it is called bakers. These savages are classified as non-ruminant ungulates. But there are other forest boars that attract the attention of people, so much so that they are trying to maintain their homes. Growing such breeds has its positive and negative points. About this and talk in the article.
Brief historical background
Hunters are sent to the forest for the specific purpose of making a wild pig or a boar their prey. The meat of these animals is tough, but exceeds the taste of home pork.
Wild pigs are considered to be the ancestors of classic domestic pigs. According to historical data, they managed to tame more than 7 thousand years ago. Surprisingly, the dog was the first domesticated animal, and the second - the pig.
Externally, the wild relative of the pig is very different from the domestic relative. The head of the animal is longer, and the body, on the contrary, is shorter. Legs stronger, more stable, and ears - more. The boar has frightening fangs, the length of which can reach 20 cm. The size of an adult male is really impressive - weight is within 150-200 kg, with a body length over 150 cm.
At the same time animals have an aggressive character. And often the breeding of wild boars is complicated by the fact that the owners are afraid of their own pets. Particularly dangerous wild forest pig during the rut and in the presence of offspring. At such a time, not only males, but also females can attack.
The taste of the meat of the ancestor of the domestic pig is more intense and fragrant. Especially prized meat is a young piglet, having a delicate pink color.
Common features of all savages
Wild pigs today live in different parts of the world, mostly in the forests. Depending on the habitat have a characteristic appearance. But similarities are noted:
- large size and powerful addition;
- long canines (20 cm);
- thick stiff bristles;
- color - black, yellow, gray with all sorts of shades;
- piglets are born striped and acquire a permanent suit in 3-4 months;
- adult boars have kalkan - a layer of fat that protects the breast.
In Russia, wild pigs were distinguished by a heavy head and straight snout. Offspring they brought once a year, no more than 6 cubs. It is these representatives who became the progenitors of the domestic pig in the territory of today's Russia.
Breeps found in European and Siberian forests are of enormous size - more than a meter at the withers. Most species are protected.
Musk mark territory
The American wild pig is the ancestor of the modern bakers. These animals are also called musk pigs.
The name is given because of the presence on the back of the gland that secretes a strongly smelling secret - musk. With it, bakers mark their own territory.
A pig from South America belongs to the non-ruminant ungulates. That is, it is impossible to attribute them to our habitual pigs. But the resemblance is still there, only bakers are smaller, and their bristles are thicker and longer. The weight of an adult individual does not exceed 30 kg, with growth up to 60 cm. Predators give out canines (they have three faces), which are directed downwards.
There are peccaries and characteristic external signs of a pig - short legs, small eyes and rounded ears.
The American is valued for the special meat - tender, dietary and juicy. It is the bakers meat that is used in the preparation of popular burgers and other fast food.
Babirussa hit the Red Book
A very interesting animal is a wild pig from Indonesia. It is very easy to recognize it by the presence of extremely long canines. At the same time, the head of the pig is small relative to the rest of the body. The bristles are almost completely absent. Due to the high legs, the height of an adult individual at the withers can reach 80 cm, the maximum weight - up to 80 kg.
Despite the fact that the rare pig, which is called babirussa, is under protection, in Indonesia they are still considered as a source of meat.
It is not at all profitable to breed such animals at home, because, unlike other pigs, they are not too prolific. Yes, and provide them with normal conditions of detention is extremely difficult.
Now the babirussa pig population has declined significantly. This led to the fact that this species was listed in the Red Book.
Read here - "About all species and breeds of pigs."
Growing wild pigs at home
It is not necessary to be a hunter to savor the game. If desired, you can do breeding of wild boars at home.
To do this, you just need to buy pigs of wild pigs and grow valuable meat on your own.
The advantages of this content include: getting delicious meat without leaving home. And by cons - the trouble of the content. So animals need a place to walk. It is better not to cover the bottom of the enclosure, the pigs will gladly dig it up with their snouts. Well, if you can provide a place for swimming - a small lake or swamp.
A warm room for hogs is not necessary. But if the goal is fast growing, then a warmed barn will not hurt, because cold leads to weight loss. But a canopy that protects from the scorching sun is simply necessary.
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