To increase the profitability of the farm, pig producers use premixes for pigs, which are ideal for use on large farms and in home production. Food supplements saturated with biologically active substances, vitamins and microelements compensate for the lack of nutrients in the feed, which is very important for the conditions of central Russia. They strengthen health, accelerate the growth of muscle mass, and also increase the reproductive abilities of animals.
Balanced feed additives
To reduce the cost of meat products and increase the profitability of production, it is required to provide pigs that are farmed for fattening feed mixtures. They should have a balanced composition, allowing animals to quickly satisfy their hunger, activate the formation of their musculoskeletal structure, and also accelerate the growth and weight gain of the piglets.
Very often, due to living conditions, the animal is not able to obtain the necessary amount of useful substances that help not only to strengthen its body, but also to remove toxins accumulated in the course of life in a timely manner. An excellent solution to this problem is the use of premixes that are part of each concentrated feed for piglets sold on the Russian market.
Artificial enrichment of the diet with nutrients, vitamins, enzymes, hormones, antibiotics and trace elements increases the well-being and productivity of pigs. It significantly minimizes the cost of feeding pigs, reducing feed consumption by about a third.
Suitable for various methods of keeping pigs.
The use of feed mixtures saturated with biologically active substances normalizes the metabolic processes occurring in the body of pigs, activates the work of all physiological systems of the body, strengthens the immune system of the animal, without significantly affecting the taste of its meat.
The composition of the premix can include dozens of different components that are required for pigs at various stages of their lives. Therefore, even a beginning breeder can easily choose a product of a composition that needs to be added to the feed mixture of piglets or adult animals.
The composition of the premix is divided into:
- vitamin and mineral;
- vitamin-mineral supplemented with amino acids.
When purchasing premixes, a breeder should be extremely careful to get acquainted with their composition in order to provide their pets with exactly the nutrients they need at the moment.
Filling base and trace elements
Premix manufacturers make up these feed additives from base or filler, for which wheat bran, oilcake, grass meal, ground grain, powdered meal, feed yeast or plain chalk are most often used. The basis is about 70% of the total composition of premixes and its main function is to retain biologically active substances.
The balanced composition of easily digestible minerals strengthens the skeleton of the animal, allowing it to form strong and resilient muscles that are free from defects. Premixes are saturated with calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, zinc, iodine, and other trace elements.
Calcium strengthens bones and teeth, supporting the excitability of nervous tissue. Potassium regulates water metabolism in the body, maintaining muscle density. Iron and copper are extremely important in the process of blood formation, synthesizing hemoglobin.
A sufficient amount of zinc and manganese improves the reproductive capacity of the breeding pigs, accelerates their growth and contributes to the rapid healing of wounds.
The effect of vitamins on the body
It is mandatory to include in the premix vitamins of groups A, B, C, D, E, K, H, which are required for the development of the young pig, and in adult sows and boars-producers significantly increase the reproductive capacity. Vitamin A accelerates the growth of pigs, improves their vision, and also restores coordination and visual orientation to the terrain.
Lack of vitamin B1 is manifested in the improper functioning of the nervous system of pigs and the imbalance of their muscle functions.
Vitamin B2 regulates the metabolic processes occurring in the body of a pig and is responsible for the good digestibility of amino acids, fats and carbohydrates.
In the absence of a sufficient amount of vitamin B4, the rate of synthesis of cartilage tissue decreases, and in the liver begins to accumulate fat, adversely affecting its function.
Lack of vitamin B6 contributes to the development of dermatitis, convulsive state. as well as the development of epileptic seizures.
Vitamin B9 or folic acid is responsible for blood saturation with red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, and also regulates the reproductive capacity of adult pigs.
Vitamin C accelerates metabolic processes in the body, improving the general condition of the animal and its growth.
Lack of vitamin D3 can cause rickets, and its balanced composition allows the pig to absorb calcium better.
Vitamin E normalizes the activity of the reproductive system and ensures the birth of healthy piglets in a pregnant sow.
Lack of sufficient vitamin K3 impairs blood clotting, which directly affects the health of pigs.
When feeding grain, vegetables and fruits, the pig often cannot obtain the required amount of vitamins and their additional introduction into the feed mixtures is mandatory.
Easily digestible amino acids and other beneficial substances.
The composition of the premixes introduces the amino acids lysine and methionine, which allow the animal's body, without the cost of additional energy, to quickly form protein structures that increase muscle mass gain.
Contained in the composition of these baits probiotics improve the digestion of the pig, allowing you to absorb the maximum amount of nutrients from food, and enzymes accelerate the processes of life.
Tranquilizers are added to the premix to relieve nervous tension and eliminate the effects of stress, and antibiotics (most often tetracycline) help the pig to better resist infections.
To give the feed mixtures a certain taste and improve the appetite of pigs in the premix can be added various flavors, colors, preservatives.
The composition of feed additives are added antioxidants, which allow for a long time to maintain the beneficial properties of this product.
Care must be taken in the application
Premixes are biologically active additives to the diet of pigs and they are strictly forbidden to use as an independent feed. The excess of nutrients in the body of a pig causes serious harm to its health, inhibiting vital functions. A piglet becomes sluggish, loses its appetite, hemorrhages and wounds may appear on its skin. If it is not timely to normalize feeding, then the animal can be lost, which will cause serious damage to farmers and owners of private farms, engaged in breeding pigs.
The maximum possible concentration of premixes cannot exceed 20 kg per 1 ton of feed.
The premixes used to grow pigs, fatten adult pigs or enhance their reproductive functions have a different composition, and the farmer must be careful to give the animal exactly the nutritional supplement he needs.
Premixes are already included in the composition of feed concentrates produced industrially, and the breeder is not recommended to additionally enrich them with vitamin-mineral mixtures.
The benefits of using premixes
Premixes rich in various bioadditives reduce feed consumption by almost a third, while increasing the nutritional value of the diet. Sows are much easier to bear the offspring, giving greater numbers of healthy piglets when farrowing.
Milk piglets strengthened immunity. They are more resistant to infectious diseases, less sick, and the mortality is reduced to almost zero.
The redox functions of the blood are greatly improved, and she is saturated with oxygen, necessary for the rapid growth and development of the pig. All physiological processes are stabilized, and toxic wastes and toxic substances that enter the digestive tract along with the feed are effectively eliminated from the body.
The right choice of drug
The premix market is overflowing with products from various manufacturers. First of all, you should decide which type of feed additive you plan to use.
Be sure to read the quality certificate and make sure that the additive was made in accordance with the requirements of state standards. Read the full information about the product, as well as recommendations for its use.
Remember that when selling premixes by weight at a low price, you can also purchase a low-quality product, in which the content of biologically active substances will not correspond to the declared one.
To check the quality of the premix, purchase a small amount of it and monitor the weight of your piglets, which should correspond to the parameters declared by the manufacturer.
In the article "On feed for pigs" you can find out the composition of the ready-made mixtures and the recipe for making them with your own hands.
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Write in the comments what types of premix you prefer to use on your pig farm.