There are certain rules on how to dilute powdered milk for piglets. Food this product is due to the need. For example, when a sow brings a lot of babies. Youngsters just do not have enough nipples. Crumbs will remain hungry if the owner does not begin to feed them an artificial mixture. In the article we will consider when a substitute is needed, how to use and dilute it. We will also find out whether it is useful to use the powder as a fertilizer patch.
Milk substitute for saving piglets
Pig farming is a popular industry that is constantly evolving. Scientists and genetics create new and improve previously breeds of pigs. Thanks to their continuous work, as well as full feeding and the latest equipment for rearing, the animals were transformed. Modern pigs are characterized not only by excellent indicators of weight gain, but also by a significant increase in multiplicity.
At the same time, the milkiness and the number of nipples in sows limit the number of piglets she can feed. As a result, part of the offspring is waiting for inevitable death or a significant lag in growth and development. Such "patches" the owner gives a substitute for mother's milk.
In the case when you don’t want to lose valuable animals, you can use milk replacer (whole milk replacer).
The main reasons for the use of powdered milk
In the practice of pig breeding there are cases when it is necessary to resort to artificial feeding. Consider the most common:
- Plurality (many pigs give birth to 17-25 babies at a time, of course, they are not able to fully feed such a number of suckers);
- sow's low milkiness (this may be a genetic predisposition, the result of a stressful situation, or the result of an unbalanced diet);
- abandonment of the offspring (some animals after farrowing do not show maternal instinct and refuse to take care of the babies);
- illness, or death of the mumps (when the sow dies immediately after giving birth, the host takes care of the “pigs”);
- weaning piglets (pigs are gradually transferred to the milk replacer, thereby reducing stress and the risk of intestinal upset).
In any of these cases, the use of milk replacer will be most welcome. It almost completely replaces the mother's milk.
Substitute - reliable assistant
Artificial feeding today is not considered a rarity. Small farm owners can feed up even the smallest and weakest pigs without any loss. Powdered milk is able to fully replace maternal feeding.
The production of milk replacer is closely monitored by experts. The dry mixture is packaged in a carefully prepared, sterile and sealed container. Each package is accompanied by a detailed instruction, in which it is written how, when, how often and in what quantities to dilute and feed the milk mixture to “patches” of different ages and weights.
Careful adherence to the instructions, allows you to provide the pigs with good nutrition and gives everything you need for good growth and proper development. Thus, milk powder becomes a reliable assistant in the cultivation of healthy and strong young.
The composition of powdered milk for piglets
There are different types of mixtures, slightly different in composition and used for different purposes. But in general, any milk replacer intended for piglets is balanced in all components contained in it, which are necessary for these animals.
When choosing a product, it is important to determine the area of its further use. So, for pigs left without maternal care, you should take a mixture for newborn babies. It is balanced in fat content, protein, vitamins and trace elements specifically for animals of this age. Such mixtures as "Vitamilk", Ravimilk (Ultra), "Mologa 2000" (20% of fat content) perfectly proved themselves. They can be used from birth, after the first feeding with colostrum of the mother.
Other mixes are suitable for weaners. It also contains all the necessary nutrients, but it is designed for a more advanced age and a well-established digestive system. For babies, they produce such types as: "Prolak 12% premium" (from two weeks and older), "ECO milk replacer" Piglet "(from 1 month).
The mixture includes the following components:
- milk whey;
- amino acids;
- trace elements;
Let us consider in more detail each of them.
A quality mixture should contain at least 50% whey. Well, if this figure is higher. The crumbs will fully absorb the food, develop quickly and add weight well.
For the production of milk replacer using whole cow milk. It is less fatty than that of a sow, but otherwise its composition is ideal for feeding pigs. Dried to a certain humidity, with strict observance of temperature and pressure, in specially equipped furnaces, it perfectly retains nutrients and nutritional value.
In order to reduce the cost of the product, it includes fish or soy flour, add gluten and enrich with feed fats.
Amino acids, vitamins and lactose
Manufacturers saturate dry milk with amino acids in an effort to balance it in protein content. It is very important for the proper physical development and health of animals.
Sow milk is rich in vitamins. Piglets can get them only during feeding. Therefore, it is important that the milk replacer be saturated with them in the right proportions. Then the offspring will grow well and gain muscle mass quickly.
Lactose for pigs is the first supplier of energy. It plays a special role in the period of separation of piglets from the mother, helping the weaned digestive system to adapt to the reception of roughage and smoothly preparing them for the absorption of complex carbohydrates.
Trace Elements and Probiotics
Milk formula enriched with microelements in the required proportions ensures good physical development and prevents a number of diseases. So, iron is necessary for the prevention of anemia. A substitute of whole milk, rich in calcium, avoids rickets. Selenium eliminates the risk of white muscle disease.
Each element is strictly balanced in accordance with the norms and introduced in an organic, easily digestible form.
For normal digestion, piglets need probiotics. In artificial nutrition, they are contained in the form of beneficial microorganisms, contribute to better absorption of all nutrients and prevent the risk of pathogenic microflora in the intestine.
Lipids and fillers
The sow produces very nutritious milk. In terms of lipid content, it significantly exceeds cow and even goat. Therefore, manufacturers enter into the milk replacer for piglets easily digestible oils - rapeseed, coconut, sunflower or palm. Thus, achieve good weight gain in young animals.
To reduce the cost of the final product in the composition of dry mixes include a small amount of fillers. As a rule, these are: wheat gluten, proteins (legumes, soy, potato) and lecithin in the form of an emulsifier.
The composition of the milk replacer is optimally close to the sow's milk and is the best option for piglets with a lack of food.
Rules for the breeding of milk powder
Usually attached to each package instruction tells how to dissolve dried milk. This will depend not only on the composition and purpose, but also the manufacturer of the product. But you can select the most common and important rules. Consider them.
The suckling piglets need a less concentrated product, as they receive part of the feed from pig's milk. They are diluted with a substitute at the rate of 1: 7, that is, 700 g of water with a temperature not exceeding 45 degrees is added to 100 g of powder.
Babies left without a mother are preparing a more saturated product. For this, the necessary part of the powder is diluted with warm boiled water in a ratio of 1: 5. It is important to strictly follow the rules of dosage, in order to avoid problems with the digestion of young.
Next, the mixture is thoroughly mixed, ensuring complete dissolution of the powder. The diluted milk is cooled to 38 degrees and fed to piglets.
Feeding suckling piglets
Newborn crumbs must receive a portion of the mother's colostrum. It contains a large amount of proteins, vitamins and trace elements. It is absorbed by the pigs by 100% and forms a further immunity of the babies.
Breeders have achieved a significant increase in the multiplicity of pigs. At the same time, the milkiness and the number of nipples in sows remained the same. With a large number of offspring, the mother can not cope, then you should use powdered milk for piglets.
When organizing a mixed diet, the cocks are placed on feeding to the sow in turn, and in breaks they give an artificial mixture. Very important temperature. Suckers can not drink out either hot or cold liquid, otherwise health problems may arise.
And another important reminder: milk replacer is bred only for one reception. The remains of the mash can not be used in the following feedings, as this may lead to intestinal upset.
The rules of feeding a substitute
Suckling piglets suffering from a lack of breast milk are offered a nutritional formula. Feed talker can start from the first days. Let us consider in more detail how much milk replacer can be given to pigs.
From birth to 5 days of age, the amount of the mixture should not exceed 200 ml per day. The multiplicity of feedings - 6 times. Piglet can drink 30-35 ml.
Starting from day 6 to day 10, the number of feedings is reduced. Now you can increase the portion to 100 ml and give milk 5 times. Daily rate from 200 to 500 ml.
At the age of 11 days, crumbs begin to be actively interested in additional feed and try to eat concentrates. From this moment until reaching 20 days, 100-150 ml are sucked in to the coppers in one step. The total amount of talkers can vary from 500 to 800 ml. Meal - 5 times a day.
The next period lasts up to a month. Piglets consume up to 1 l of milk replacer per day for 4 feedings.
Features of feeding abandons and orphans
There are cases when the mother refuses to take cubs or dies. In piglets that do not receive colostrum, the mortality rate increases. Such animals can be saved by feeding a substitute. When using a quality blend, they will grow healthy and strong. True, additional efforts will be required to properly organize the feeding. It is important to carefully observe the regime and properly dilute the powder.
The adult stomach constantly produces hydrochloric acid, which reliably protects the body against pathogenic bacteria that enter the digestive tract. While newborn piglets produce gastric juice only at the time of eating. Therefore, it is necessary to feed tiny cubs 8 times a day with an interval of 3 hours.
Each piglet is given no more than 50 g of the mixture at a time. With the growth of young stock, the amount of diluted milk is increased.
Whole milk replacer is an important product for growing healthy and strong livestock. It contains a set of vitamins and components that give the best start for growth and development.
In the article “What feed piglets” you will get acquainted with a set of products that are used in the diet of pigs.
And did you have to finish feeding the pigs with powdered milk? Write about it in the comments.
Like if the article was helpful to you.