Health of pigs, their growth and development, the quality of pork directly determines the feeding of piglets from 1 to 6 months. From birth, small pigs require a maximum of nutrients that mother milk contains. Yet often it is not enough. How to feed a baby from day 1 of his life, what foods to use to form a balanced diet in the future are important questions of a successful pig farm.
Stages of feeding young pigs
What small pigs eat during different periods of life depends on the ability of their digestive system to digest food. The most important feeding stages of the pork offspring are the milk and fattening periods, as well as the rearing stage.
Milk feeding piglets lasts a maximum of up to 2.5 months. On the other hand, sows often do not have enough milk to feed their offspring by the end of the first month. At this time, stronger individuals appear within one brood, which regain their priority right to food.
Then the monthly babies give the feeding in small portions. At the same time, it is important how many times a day piglets are fed. Considering their small stomachs, which are in the process of formation, it is better to make portions smaller, but give food to the young 6-7 times per day.
In the rearing, there are small pigs that have gained weight of 20-25 kg and no longer feed on mother's milk. Their bodies are fully prepared for the assimilation of dry fodder, root crops, greenery and other products from those that love pigs.
In general, what youngsters have depends on the goals of the pig breeders. By this time, it is recommended to castrate pigs that are grown for meat. When pigs are given a lot of feed, the main task, of course, is to get the maximum weight gain. But the immediate ration is entirely determined by the specifics of the final product.
What piglets eat in the first month after birth
The main goal of pig breeding is the cultivation of healthy animals of great weight in a short time with minimal costs. From the very beginning it is important to have a clear idea than to feed the little pigs after their birth.
Pig's milk contains all the necessary nutrients for the pig. The only exception is iron, which must be added separately. On the other hand, the rapidly growing organism of newborn babies already from day 5 requires additional nutrition.
At this time, babies form the digestive system, grow teeth, so their bodies require calcium, potassium, sodium, iron, which partially contain special mineral supplements. On the tenth day of the life of animals, it is recommended to add chopped carrots to the feed. Three weeks after birth, the mother's milk in the pig diet should be limited, increasingly using boiled potatoes, prepared hay.
What to feed the monthly piglets and older, tell further.
We start with charcoal
The milk period of life of pigs lasts on average 2 months. At this time, this product has a key role.
You can use skimmed (reverse) or whole milk. In this case, the first will require a total of 5-6 liters, and milk - about 8 liters for the entire period of time. The main thing - to give the product in a heated form.
From the first days of the pig's life, it is recommended to add minerals inside the pig feeders in the pens for the young. This role is perfectly fulfilled by charcoal, sod, pieces of chalk, red clay. Only after the piglet learns to gnaw them, as well as drink water, can it be started to be fed on milk-based porridges.
It is important to accustom young animals to the vegetable menu. First, the vegetables are given in shabby form, then cut them into small cubes before adding to the feed. Next, to feed the kids use mashed potatoes, beets, which are mixed with concentrates. After the first month of life, gilts are encouraged to actively enrich their diet with green fodder. The mowed grass needs to be partially processed, for example, we steam up coarse greens. You can not use the tops of potatoes, tomatoes and poisonous plants.
Technology, feeding rates for dairy piglets
As mentioned above, before the age of one month, the pigs provide lures with small doses up to 6 times a day, since in animals the stomach is only formed. Begin with mineral supplements and drinking water. At the age of 1 month, you can give a raw, grated carrot in the amount of 10-15 g per day.
Now consider what and how to feed the pigs up to two months of age. The rate of feeding pigs in pig farms in% ratio is as follows:
- barley is the basis of feeding and is 31%;
- component necessary for a growing organism: fish meal - 20%;
- oats take in the diet 11%;
- biological green fodder and crushed wheat grain - 9% each;
- soy meal - 7%;
- corn and reverse in various forms - by 6%;
- essential mineral supplements and salt make up 1%.
At the age of one and a half months, small pigs begin to gradually wean from the mother. From now on, they are transferred to dry or wet food, eliminating steamed grains from the diet. In the conditions of industrial pig breeding, the piglets of the second month of life should definitely be given extra low-fat milk, bone and fish meal, feed mineral supplements and vitamins.
Pork diet of young age from 2 to 2.5 months
At 2 months old pork youngsters, about 0.6 l of skillet, 0.5 kg of potatoes, 0.25 kg of various root crops, 0.15 kg of ground grain mixtures, 0.1 kg of grass meal, 0.015 kg of chalk and 0.010 kg of salt. Based on the experience of successful owners and taking into account what the best pigs feed the pigs with, by the end of the milk period of life one can get 25 kg of live weight from each individual. In the article "About feeding pigs at home" you will find additional information.
To feed animals for a specific result should be according to certain rules. In order for the fat to be dense, soft and grainy, and the quality of meat after slaughter attracted the most picky gourmets, it is necessary to adhere to certain restrictions. It is better to give 2 months old piglets feed with a low content of cereal components.
In pig farms in the warm season, the feed mixture should be enriched with greens. Boiled potatoes in mashed potatoes are recommended to be mixed with greens. Piglets are very fond of such mash. Cake, shavings from hay, that is what kids eat for a quick weight gain, must be steamed before adding to feed.
To enhance the taste of dishes, enhance their assimilation by the pork body is good grain dert. Biological feed, yeast stimulates the growth of piglets. In just one day, an animal of this age should eat about 6 kg.
How to feed the pigs when rearing
The life span of pigs from 2.5 to 4 months is characterized by a complete rejection of mother's milk and the rapid development of the pig body.
On small and large pig farms, chopped concentrated feed is mixed with green mass, various root vegetables, melons, and juicy vegetables and fruits.
Combined feeds that contain all the necessary vitamins and trace elements per day require a three-month-old piglet 1050 g, and a four-month-old one needs 1550 g. It is important to have a clear idea whether certain products can be given to pigs without heat treatment, whether they will be beneficial or harmful for the animal body.
A portion of green grass, beet tops, cabbage leaves, sugar beets, carrots are given raw. Coarse vegetative mass is fed to pigs steamed. Raw piglets to feed the pigs are totally unacceptable, because their bodies are not able to digest such food. Best pounded boiled potatoes stir with greens. Boiled red beet, concentrated mixtures, and salt are added to this liquid mash.
The rapid growth of animals contributes to the feeding of thick cereals on barley, pea, wheat-based meat component. It is required to feed the young stock three times a day at regular intervals.
The most important components for fattening young pigs
When a pig reaches a mass of 50 kg, it is possible to start fattening it. Fast-growing pigs require more nutritious, concentrated feed. Effectively feed the young growth is possible for 90 days. A diet consisting of various cereals, meat, fish and bone meal, root crops, vegetables, melons, fruits, mineral and vitamin supplements will be the basis of successful cultivation.
The daily rate per piglet as it grows becomes about two buckets (10 l) of feed mixtures. This will guarantee a daily weight gain of 700 g.
A balanced diet should include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, important minerals and vitamins. Protein most in the composition of meat, legumes, cereals, milk. Few of these substances in the composition of green fodder and root crops. What is useful in them is carbohydrates, which are a source of energy for a growing pig body.
Fresh plants, vegetables, fruits are filled with vitamins and minerals. If the possibility of adding them to the feed is small, then premixes are used, thanks to which the absorption of concentrated feeds is enhanced. To enhance the metabolic processes are often used special feed additives, often do it on large pig farms.
In addition, the daily need for drinking water per head for fattening is 6-8 liters. Thus, this balanced menu is essential for successful fattening of the pigs.
Different types and technologies of feeding piglets
The basis of feeding pigs is milk, cereals, vegetable components, green feed. Depending on the breed of animals, industrial technologies of their fattening are different. The purpose of growing pigs may be to get juicy, tasty meat. On the other hand, the result of feeding is often tender pork with a layer of lard. Tallow fattening technology relies on a variety of nutritious cereal mixtures, roots, which are the basis of most feed.
To obtain high-quality meat with a thin layer of fat above the spine, a certain feeding method should be followed, which determines that there are piglets between 3 and 8 months of age. The menu should include a significant protein component. In this case, the diet is planned in such a way that the youngsters daily gain 500-600 g of live weight.
Young pigs are fed with cooked silage, boiled potatoes, and meat waste. Prepared cereal mixtures are recommended to be enriched with the beet component. You can brew herbs (for example, yarrow) and add decoctions for breeding feed. For the enrichment of diets with amino acids in meat fattening use meat and bone, fish, meat meal. Per head per day requires from 50 to 300 g of such additives. Fish meal is a source of high-grade proteins. To increase the average daily weight gain, feed yeast is added to the feed in the amount of 200-250 g.
Dangerous and harmful products for piglets
Growing young pigs, it is important to pay attention to the quality of feed. When the first signs of mold, mildew or rot appear, food should be urgently removed from the pork diet and disposed of. If this is not done, then there is a high probability of poisoning, the development of infectious diseases.
Some plants are strictly forbidden to use for feeding pigs. These include spurge, dog parsley, horse dill, edible buttercup, hemlock. Oilcans from castor, cotton must be subjected to thermal or chemical treatment.
Danger to the young body of gilts are also incorrectly cooked foods. For example, a beet left for a long time in hot water after cooking may cause poisoning of small pigs. The water in which potatoes were boiled is also dangerous for animals. Sprouted potatoes before cooking should be thoroughly cleaned of sprouts.
In no case should piglets be fed with green potato tubers, bananas, citrus. In addition, you can not add to the feed tea leaves left over from tea leaves, coffee grounds. It can destroy animals.
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