It is noticed that the appearance of the animal's health can be determined by the appearance of the pig tail. In the case of strong and vigorous piglets, it is held by a crochet or curled in a spiral, and the denser the curl, the tighter the pig and the merrier. In case of any problems or disorders, the process on the sacrum straightens. But what role this part of the body performs in the body has not yet been clarified. In the article we will analyze not only the structure of the tail, but also talk about why it is cut.
It consists of vertebrae and arches
The tail of a piglet starts from the sacral bone, and it does not play such an important role as that of a cow or a cat. Despite the fact that these processes are rather long (20–25 cm) and contain from 20 to 23 vertebrae, the “patches” cannot fight off them from flies and do not use them for balancing. Read more about the structure of the pig body, read the article "Anatomy of pigs."
The first 5 (and sometimes 6) of the vertebrae are very tightly pressed together from the back to the belly (dorso-ventral). All other components are cylinder-shaped. Handles are stored only on those that are closer to the head. Existing processes (articular and spinous) protrude beyond the body. In addition, there are transverse processes that have a lamellar structure.
Corkscrew and ring - health indicators
Now, let's still figure out why the pigs tails and even twisted.
It turns out that pig tails do not perform any practical function, but is a direct indicator of the health of the animal. If it is bent by an elastic ring or a corkscrew, then everything is in order.
But when he constantly hangs, the owner should carefully look at the pig, perhaps something is wrong. The reason may be that the pet has an upset stomach or any other problems. In such a situation, you should seek veterinary care.
Experienced breeders say that the swirling condition of the pig tail can safely be considered one of the signs of good health of the “patch”. However, there is a way to straighten it, and we will tell about it below.
Trimming the tail of pigs
In conditions of large farms it is often practiced trimming the tails of sows and their offspring. There are several reasons for this:
- sanitary need;
- crowding of animals.
Let us consider in more detail each of them. Dense placement of animals leads to the struggle for free space, emotional stress, and, as a consequence, to the manifestation of aggression against fellows. They begin to bite, and the tails and ears of pigs are the first to suffer in such a situation.
For a sow, the main role is the birth of piglets, and their feeding. At this stage it is very important to monitor her well-being. That is why tail docking is a sanitary necessity. This reduces the risk of contamination of the female genital tract. The operation is carried out at an early age, while the mumps has not yet turned a week.
The pig's hanging tail is an additional source of injury and infection.
The boar also needs a cupping procedure. As a rule, at the age of 3 days, the piglet is sent for surgery. Usually leave a small process of 3-4 cm, which no longer interferes with or tempts aggressive-minded fellows. This approach allows you to prevent health problems in the future. After all, chewing the tail at any age can lead to infection of animals and the formation of an abscess.
Some interesting facts
In half of the pigs on the planet, the tail twists only clockwise, in a quarter of individuals - in the opposite direction. The remaining animals are universal - they can turn it in both directions. And now we tell how to straighten the tail of a pig, if suddenly you have a desire to unwind this spiral.
Straighten pig tails as follows: just press and hold your hand from the middle of the back down the ridge.
Some scientists believe that the screw structure of the pig tail reflects the DNA structure of these animals.
And what interesting things do you know about pig tails? Write about it in the comments.
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