In the article we will describe how high the economic efficiency of pig farming in the home and at pig farms. Piglets can be raised for different purposes - for meat or for sale in live weight. Enterprises, of course, must calculate profitability before starting a business, and keep animals on their own sites for personal use. But even a small herd can bring some profit. We learn how profitable to keep pigs for different purposes.
Pork on the shelves of shops - it is often products of pig farms. In these enterprises usually contain a large population, for which you need to carry out competent care. This is ensuring cleanliness, warmth, proper feeding. It would seem that if you buy small pigs, grow them to the desired condition and sell the meat, the profits are secured, but in fact it is more and more difficult.
All that is needed for business, we describe in detail in the article "Pig as a business at home." Since the funds invested are not small, you need to correctly calculate the business plan. It includes consideration of the following steps:
- construction of a pig farm (or repair of an existing building):
- preparation of the territory where pigs will walk;
- harvesting fodder;
- places of sales of meat products.
Various additional expenses and smaller moments - everything is calculated very carefully. These are the services of a veterinarian, and planned vaccinations of animals, working personnel of the farm. One of the stages is the analysis of cost reduction at the start-up stage.
To raise pigs for meat in a pig farm will be beneficial with minimal investment, if you try to arrange all the necessary facilities and territories on your own.
The second, especially important factor is to acquire the desired breed of pigs. Meat and bacon are suitable - Landrace, Estonian bacon and Durok. It is important to choose a good seller who is responsible for breeding animals and sells healthy individuals.
Males and females need to buy from different vendors to avoid kinship. Plus the fact that the pigs are purchased once, and only then they can be bred independently. However, if you no longer have to spend money on animals, then there should always be money for food in the future.
If you decide whether it is profitable to keep the pigs for the sale of meat, then you can answer that yes, if at the same time there were some small expenses (doubly profitable) and a good batch of pigs was purchased. Of course, with large investments the business will be no less profitable. At the same time, the matter can be gradually transferred to another channel - the sale of animals in live weight, which will be discussed further.
Very often pigs are sold in live-weight piglets (small, grown-ups and fully ready to be slaughtered live individuals) and at the same time they have a business selling meat products. That is, these two areas complement each other in one production.
They buy piglets from proven breeders, but if the pig farm is already in production, then the existing sows can give their offspring, which is very profitable. Some individuals go on fattening (if slaughter is practiced), part per tribe.
Pigs cost less than adult pigs and the difference is quite significant. Foreign breeds of animals are especially appreciated. Usually they are bought at the age of 2 months, when the weight reaches 16-18 kg.
Grow pigs, in general, is not difficult, as they are unpretentious in the diet. For a large farm with a number of several hundred heads, you can have 2 boars and 15 sows. This is for the tribe, and the remaining hundreds of individuals - for fattening. If the business is built only on the sale of live individuals, then you need to have several pairs of high-breed producers, then the cost of piglets will increase markedly. Some farms do not have their boars for reproduction on the tribe, but rent them. These are additional costs, but in the future they still pay off.
If you decide which breed is the most optimal, this is the Vietnamese bastard pig, about which the article "Growing Vietnamese bastard pigs" tells. They are profitable to breed in terms of the economy, that is, the art of farming. This is how the word is translated from Greek.
Herbivores are animals, their females are multiple, and the young are fast-growing. From the profitable indicators, it is possible to note the volumes, as well as the good taste qualities of the meat of the fish, which is a plus, if the farm is still engaged in the sale of these products.
When selling animals with live weight, they also need good nutrition, competent care and veterinary examinations, and these are costs. It is much more profitable when this business is associated, including with the sale of carcasses for meat.
When keeping pigs for oneself, one can distinguish a breed of mini pigs. To breed such pigs at home can be in the truest sense of the word. They are so tiny that they live together in an apartment. In the article "Ornamental pig mini pig" you can learn about their varieties. Such pets do not have clear standards of appearance, they are picky in food and are quite smart. Animals are easily accustomed to the toilet and are amenable to training.
The content of a mini pig can bring a certain income. Of course, there are costs - food, treatment, maintenance. But, if piglets are born, then you can make a profitable sale, because animals have not a small price.
If the place allows, there is a private territory, then you can make mini pigs of larger breeds. For example, the same Vietnamese vislobryukhy pig, from which all other breeds of decorative pigs, the largest among relatives, have gone. Its weight can reach 100 kg, and it is not suitable for an apartment. But in the yard area may well live as a pet.
Frequent cases of breeding this breed for meat. In any case, you need a barn or an aviary for housing, timely provision of plant food.
If mini pigs are most often established for the soul, for breeding and selling piglets, then simple pigs are not kept in apartments. They are rarely called pets because they are grown to produce any kind of product - meat, bacon, fat, skin, blood.
If the economy is small, then the family can only provide products for themselves. But since the pigs are quite prolific, the number of heads is constantly growing. Therefore, talking about whether it is profitable to breed pigs in a private household, each time we come to the same conclusion - there is a benefit. Firstly, it may be a small sale of meat or one-time, but with a profit. Secondly, this can gradually be transferred to a stable business for pig producers, because pork is a very popular product.
If the farmer is only planning to breed pigs and sell meat products, then, as we said above, we will need to develop a business plan. All expenses are included in it - on the purchase of piglets, on the construction of a shed, on the purchase of feed. If you plan a peasant farm, then it is desirable to acquire from 40 goals. These are the main points, but everything is thought out to the smallest detail - where the animal will be walking, who will be engaged in vaccinations, treatment, where to sell the products.
Since full growth depends on feeding, a fattening plan is drawn up. One of the most cost-effective options for households is the use of food waste (cleaning, leftover food) in animal nutrition.
In the summer with food is even easier - grass, vegetation from the garden. It is very profitable to enter into contracts with places of public catering. They will supply food waste, and in return, the farmer provides them with meat products several times a year.
Pig raising as a business at home may also require a certain staff if the owners themselves are no longer able to cope with the growing population. This is also taken into account in the item of expenditure, because staff need to pay salaries.
In order for economic indicators to grow while running a home business, it is advisable to slaughter pigs for the winter. At this time, meat is stored at no cost and transported for sale without spoilage.
When developing a business plan, the buying points of meat and the distance to them are considered. At first, it can be neighbors, the nearest shops and even the market. It is necessary to negotiate the sale of finished products in advance.
You can sell not only meat, but also piglets in live weight. This is less profitable, but can happen quickly and simply. Resellers are very often interested in excess livestock. Since they continue to deal with all the troubles, therefore, the price for pigs requires little.
The price of a live pig reaches an average of 3,000 rubles. If an individual goes for breeding, it is cheaper, and if it is for fattening, then it is more expensive. The cost affects the breed of pigs, age and size.
Advantages of pig breeding
Whether it is profitable to keep a pig can be determined by the following factors. This type of cattle grows quite quickly, but only when properly fed and maintained. The weight of a pig at birth is 1-1.3 kg, and after a week it is more than twice.
In the year of a pig reaches an average of 130 kg. If we consider that one sow can give 20 piglets per year, then 2-3 t of live weight can be obtained. And this is only the profitability of one individual.
Choosing between different types of domestic animals, the pig-breeding side is more profitable in that the pig is able to learn a third of the food, and, for example, only the fifth duck. If you compare with cattle, then the bull needs 20-30% more feed than a pig. This is a kilogram weight gain. Again, the question of taste - pork is softer, tender and the demand for it is higher. Smoked products are in demand too. For the farmer, this may be an additional matter.
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