To determine how much a pig weighs on average, what about the weight gain of a piglet, how its growth changes with age, it is convenient to use a typical table of these indicators, which we will give in the article. This will allow you to easily track the monthly set of kilograms and calculate the number of products obtained from one carcass, as well as to draw up a schedule for fattening. Such data will allow you to quickly calculate the cost of the meat, the amount of costs and final profit.
About the real benefits of tabular data
The pig weight table has practical benefits. It can be useful when calculating portions in the "diet" of piglets. With its help, the farmer will be able to monitor the productivity of their work and make changes in the diet. In addition, the use of tabular data saves time.
The ability to quickly determine the weight category, allows you to identify the need to feed for certain individuals or reduce the amount of vitamins and supplements in case of excessive weight gain. It is also important that due to such reports the farmer easily calculates the dosages of the drugs if the pig is sick.
Quickly recognizing the live weight of animals is also useful because pig breeding is focused on selling meat, and thanks to the tables it is convenient to calculate the profit from the sales of one carcass. Of course, it is impossible to determine the average daily weight gain in this way, but most of the calculations are obtained with minimal error.
Categories of pigs and their purpose
Knowledge of how much a pig or an adult boar weighs is necessary to determine the category of fatness. This is important because weight gain, body structure and fat level are decisive in evaluating the product. In GOST, there are three types of adult pig meat and two for babies.
The first class includes animals with a rounded body, wide and straight back, developed shoulder blades and a fat more than 4 cm thick. The weight of pigs for the second category starts from 59 kg. They are characterized by moderately developed shoulder blades, a well palpable spine and a fat thickness not more than 4 cm. The third class - bacon pigs - has the most rigid frames. At six to eight months, their weight should be 75-100 kg, body length greater than 1 m, and fat should reach 2-4 cm.
Babies are divided into two classes: suckling pig weighing 2-6 kg and the rest of the pups weighing from 6 to 20 kg. If the animals do not fall into one of the above categories, the carcasses are priced cheaply and it is unprofitable to sell them.
From pig-breeding records: the results of farmers' works
Old Slot is known worldwide as the biggest pig in the world. Its maximum recorded weight was 6 tons and 395 kg. The growth of this record holder reached 1.5 m, and the length of only 5 cm did not reach 3 m. Pig belonged to the Gloucester breed.
Another major record holder is the piglet named Big Norma. The weight of an adult pig was 1 t 200 kg, and its growth was 2.5 m. And, despite the fact that in comparison with the Old Slot, these figures do not sound so impressive, BM did not have genetic disorders and its weight is a farmer’s merit.
Very little inferior in weight pig, nicknamed Big Bill. Its maximum weight reached 1 ton 153 kg, and growth - 1.52 m. But, unfortunately, the secrets of how animals achieved such indicators, the herders did not want to reveal, and contemporaries can only guess about the methods used for fattening.
Records from the wild
It is known that the average weight of a pig in the wild varies from 200 to 250 kg., And the length reaches 2 m. However, in Alabama a boar was weighed weighing 480 kg with growth of 3.5 m. The length of the canines was 13 cm. in width it reached almost 2 m.
But this is not the limit, found in nature. A boar weighing 550 kg and 2 m in height lived in the Sverdlovsk region. However, scientists came to the conclusion that such a mass is evidence of genetic disorders. And how such a beast could survive in the wild world, one has only to guess.
Another famous giant boar is Turkish Attila. Experts attributed boar to Sus Scrofa - the ancestor of domestic pigs. Its maximum is fixed at around 350 kg, which is 100 kg higher than the standards for the mass of wild piglets. These indicators suggest that during the diligent work of the breeders can achieve results exceeding the average data.
A few words about the mini-pigs
The first mentions of these animals are found in 1950, but the ancestors of mini-pigs lived before, but were not domesticated. However, an adult pig from the wild nature weighs about 70 kg, and its height reaches 40 cm. Scientists have created very small pigs of the mini-mayyalino breed, listed for their size in the Guinness Book of Records.
To date, the weight of dairy piglets of the Mayalinsky breed is only 450-500 g. When grown, the pigs reach 9-10 kg, which is 35 times less than the average weight of domestic pigs. But, it should be understood that the breeding of these animals is a time consuming and troublesome process.
The most popular breeds are the bergstresser knirt and vizenau, since they are easier to breed and they are not as whimsical as mini-mayalinos. They differ in mass. Thus, an adult bergshtrasser booklet should weigh 10-15 kg., And one-year-old Wizenau on average reach 25 kg.
To understand the effectiveness of fattening pets, you need to have an idea of how much pigs weigh on average, and how much the sow's weight differs from an adult pig. Of course, a specific breed of animals is also taken into account. Thus, large white pigs are considered the most massive, and Mirgorod city only show average results.
On average, a sow reaches 200-240 kg, but large white females can gain up to 360 kg. This weight is more characteristic of the average hog - 320-350 kg. The difference in weight for pigs and boars is about 100 kg, and if it is seriously different from these data, then their growth is atypical and hormonal failure is possible.
Pig weight is the most volatile data, and it is tracked not only by month but also by week. Fattening begins at 3 months, as a result of which the mass begins to rapidly gain, and the difference at the end of the period can change 2-2.5 times. More detailed data you can find out from the table below:
Characteristics of pigs from birth to maturity
Before tracking the mass of piglets according to the table, one should understand in general terms how much weight they should have at a given age. So, pigs are born from 0.5 to 1.4 kg - depending on the breed. Reaching the same monthly age, the mass tends to 9 kg. At two-three-month baby, weight reaches 25 kg.
At 4 months, they gain up to 60 kg - this is the beginning of intensive fattening, when breeders form a strict feeding regime. Already at 5 or 6 months the mumps increase in size and reach 80 kg. At 7 months, the weight of piglets comes to the mark of 90 kg.
By 8 months, it increases to 100-110 kg. This age is especially important, as it is considered the beginning of puberty. From now on, babies are called gilts. By 10 months, their weight can reach 150 kg. Animals become adults, and farmers can plan mating.
Information about the weight before the fattening period
The most dangerous for life, and, therefore, the most time-consuming times for pig breeders, is 4 months from the moment of birth of the piglets. During this period, the immunity of animals has not yet been strengthened, their body may not be formed correctly, and pathology may be detected. It is easiest to track changes according to the piglet weight table, which shows normal indicators for the "critical" age.
It is very convenient to work with such a summary, because it reflects data not only by months, but also by weeks and days. So, you can easily find out that in 1 month the average weight of the pig is 8.9 kg, and in a three-month piglet - 38 kg and 400 g. In addition, you can see how a baby gains weight in 2 months, and that it adds about weekly 3 kg.
But, remember that the given data are average statistical indicators, where special diets and animal conditions are not taken into account. This reservation is important, since with intensive feeding and the use of supplements, babies will grow faster than pigs, whose diet is not balanced.
The same applies to care, because poor conditions of the health are detrimental to health, as a result, pigs lose, and do not gain kilos.
Norms for weight gain depending on age
Above, we talked about the benefits of a table by which we can track the weight of pigs by month. Here is what this data looks like:
With its help, you can quickly find out that at 7 months a pig should weigh 75-90 kg and gain 500 g per day. If your data differs significantly from the tabular indications, then in the development of the animal there are obvious disorders or the mumps is sick - you should contact your veterinarian. The peak mass of the pig reaches to 12 months. Take into account the fact that the weight of the pigs will differ in the winter and in the summer.
Read the article "Measuring the weight of a pig on the table" on our website to learn more about pig breeding.
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