Surprisingly, Korean pigs come from China. In the past, the inhabitants of this country domesticated the wild boar - the progenitor of this breed. It is grown and bred in agriculture to obtain meat products. However, reviews can meet people who consider these animals decorative. But it's not right. This individual - meat, which is why it is very much appreciated in many countries, and also like the fact that unpretentious and prolific.
Features of appearance
Korean pig breed is easily recognized among others. Its appearance is rather specific - bacon. Newborn piglets, though very tiny, but very strong at once. After a few months, they have a sagging belly - their characteristic feature that prevents them from moving fully. But this is one of the reasons that the meat is tasty and tender.
Also other features of adult pigs include:
- flat wrinkled muzzle and pug-like head;
- belly that touches the ground, and short paws;
- color black (rarely auburn), but sometimes there are spots of a different shade;
- ears are not drooping, small;
- boars have fangs that grow to 10-15 cm;
- hard pile, especially near the withers, can reach 20 cm.
Pigs of this breed grow in length up to 1-1.5 m. The whole physique can be called stocky. Large weight, which reaches 200 kg, does not allow to be agile and fast. Piglets are rather clumsy and slow. It is hard to believe, but giants with such a frightening appearance are quite friendly and not dangerous for humans.
Korean pigs are almost always, with the exception of isolated cases, raised for meat. Weight, which sometimes reaches several centners, gives muscle mass. Fat is present in a minimum amount, its thickness can vary from 5 to 8 cm. But even in meat and fat of this breed does not contain cholesterol, and this production is considered to be delicious.
Also to the advantage can be attributed to the fact that the animals are very smart. If desired, they are easily trained in simple commands and actions. For example, they can be taught to go to the toilet in the same place. In addition, Korean breed pigs are clean and indifferent to mud baths and digging the ground with their noses.
Pigs are not aggressive and allow to look after themselves without problems. With honest content, they can live up to 18 years, and this is a good indicator. Korean piglets can adapt to different conditions. They are not picky - they can live in cold and warm climatic zones.
They have another plus. Representatives of the breed differs generic memory. This means that animals do not eat harmful, poisonous plants, thereby protecting themselves from poisoning. Korean pigs can be safely left on pasture in the summer for self-grazing.
Life on the plot
Korean individuals are large and therefore they need spacious housing, as this is also a guarantee of a good weight gain. The room can be made of gazoblokov or bricks with a concrete floor. A place to sleep can be equipped with wooden flooring - this will create additional heat. Also in the cold season, the walls are sheathed with thermal insulation materials and straw is laid on the floor. You can not do without ventilation - fresh air is able to protect the livestock of pigs from disease.
Usually the room for animals is divided into zones - the place where the sow lives, the territory for adults and for newborn piglets. Last in the first week of life it is necessary to ensure the heat in 20-30 degrees. Be sure to each site is equipped with a feeder and drinker. Sometimes plums are made in the barn. Also in the pen set wooden posts so that pigs can scratch their backs.
Even for comfortable maintenance, you can build a pool by digging a hole in the ground. But any capacity in the form of a trough will also be enough. This breed is very neat and loves to swim, thereby removing dirt and insects. The area adjacent to the pen should serve as a walking area for animals. On one individual enough 1 hundred square meters of land. In the same place establish a canopy which will protect a pig from the sun.
If Korean pigs and wild boars move actively, but are fed enough, it will contribute to an active increase in muscle mass, and being in a pen without movement is undesirable.
Korean pigs are herbivores, but they, like all their fellows, do not know the measures in food and are prone to obesity. For high-quality meat products, this should not be allowed. In summertime, it is advisable for the pigs to spend the whole day in the pasture, if there is such an opportunity. They will eat grass and walk. Already by half a year the weight usually reaches 60-70 kg, although their food is not caloric. At this age, the meat of pigs is especially tender and tasty.
Also, to obtain a quality product, you can give the pigs feed (feed), which will have enough calories. The diet of piglets should be balanced and always fresh. This is the only way to ensure a healthy weight gain. Read more about nutrition in the article “How Vietnamese pigs are fed”, since these breeds are both from Asia, their diet does not differ from each other.
Green, vegetative feed should be dominated by Korean piglets, especially in summer. However, such foods as clover, fodder beets or straw, as well as other roughage, pigs learn poorly. In winter, a mixture of grain crops (especially barley) will do, and the waste of grain flows is especially useful. During this period chestnuts, acorns, and peas are also added to food as vitamins.
With proper feeding, even an especially large boar will have meat with a small layer of fat. Ideally, an adult individual should gain up to 550 a day.
Korean piglets are picky about food. Animals can be given a pumpkin, zucchini, bran. Some farmers bred Californian worms in manure and use them as complementary foods for faster weight gain of pigs.
Pregnancy and childbirth
From four months on, Korean piglets are ready to mate, but it is better to wait at least until eight months of age, so that the offspring will be strong. The weight of the boar and pigs must be at least 30-35 kg.
The boar is closed in a pen with a pig that is ready to mate for several days. If all goes well, then pregnancy begins, which lasts up to 4 months. During the period of gestation, the pig must be fed abundantly and given vitamins. She should walk daily. In no case should close relatives be allowed to mate, and it is best to bring the male from another region or region.
The process of farrowing lasts up to 5 hours, until the placenta comes out, which is immediately removed so that the sow does not eat it. The birth of the piglets takes place independently, but sometimes the help of a farmer or veterinarian is required. In this case, you need to take scissors, iodine and cotton, for cutting and processing the umbilical cord.
A Korean-breed sow is capable of bringing up to 10 piglets in one litter and at the same time being a good parent who takes care of them. New pork "family" need to settle in a secluded place where it is warm and dry.
Under the sow you need to leave as many babies as she has nipples. The rest can be finished separately (milk with water - one to one), otherwise the female can be overworked. When the pigs learn to eat from the trough, then it needs to be installed in the middle of the pen, so that the food gets to everyone.
Lure begins with the 8th day of life piglets. It can be roasted barley, talker with bone meal, chalk and red clay. From the 11th day you can enter feed. After another 14 days, add fruits and vegetables. In winter, it is good to feed the youngsters with flour wastes and root crops. On the 26th day from birth, the young individuals switch to regular food, which may include grass, zucchini, apples.
After a month after birth, everyone is weaned from their milk. With proper nutrition, young Korean breed usually gains from 10 kg of weight.
If mating of related individuals has occurred, the piglets can be born weak and small. When purchasing a Korean pig, you need to choose the right young. Experienced breeders do not recommend purchasing a male and a female from a single litter. It is also bad when there is one boar for several females in the farm.
When buying a pig you need to see his parents. For example, when a baby is not more than a month old, then sows, usually swollen nipples and swollen milk lobes. If there are no such signs in a pig, then the pig is much older.
Korean and Vietnamese pig breeds are often confused. Young animals are difficult to distinguish in the first few months - both have dark color and strong body. However, the "Koreans" will have more folds on the face, in contrast to the "Vietnamese", whose nose is smoother, and their eyes are narrower. The obvious differences appear much later.
By crossing these two breeds, the offspring is not the best quality. Moreover, most often the Vietnamese vislobryushaya pig, which is much smaller in size, is raised as an ornamental animal.
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