The Belgian horse Brabançon stands out noticeably among other horse breeds, heavy horses. Initially highly valued power, diligence and endurance of animals. These qualities were useful in the modern economy. It is impossible not to pay attention to the appearance of these giants. Those planning to breed Belgian heavyweights should learn about the rules of feeding and care, as well as about the features of their nature.
The origin of the breed
Ancestors and their qualities
Breeding a new breed of horses engaged in the 19th century. Homeland Brabancon - Belgium. Military conflicts and battles on Belgian territory led to the need for a strong, hardworking horse.
The Flemish and Arden horses marked the beginning of a new breed, named in accordance with the place of "birth" - the province of Brabant.
Even in medieval Europe, the ancestors of the Braban horses served as knights. After all, their strength and endurance can be envied. It is worth noting that the knightly armor exceeded the weight of the human body.
Brabancons deservedly gained popularity and became popular. These horses took the best qualities of their ancestors. Breeders managed to create a real miracle of nature, corresponding to the necessary qualities for heavyweights.
Conditions for breeding
Conditions for breeding Braban was originally strict. No marriage was allowed. A weakened or problematic stallion was not allowed to breed.
And pregnant mares had to constantly resist the effects of external factors. Conditions were created under the influence of which the horses tried to survive.
That is how the breeders tried to bring into the world only physically strong horses, showing craving for life and struggle, endurance.
The need for heavy trucks has decreased over time. Breeders have shown a desire to "ease" the horses and to bring representatives of the breed with other colors.
Breeders coped with this task. It was decided to cross Brabancon with trotters. This led to a division into three lines depending on the origin.
The year 1870 was marked by the emergence of a classification for the separation of Brabancon horses into three types:
- Gros de la Dendre - characterized by a bay color.
- Grays of Hainault - red, gray, roan, as well as dun horses.
- Collosses de la Mwhaigne are the most stable and hardy animals.
Description of appearance and distinctive features
Dimensions and colors
The main distinguishing feature of the horses of this breed is stocking. Height compared with other heavyweights low - up to 173 centimeters. During the appearance of the Brabancons, other breeds reach 200 centimeters.
Impressive body volume, powerful-looking limbs, neck. In appearance they describe Brabancons as "flattened". To carry out intensive physical work allows developed muscles. The weight of adult individuals is really surprising - 800-1000 kilograms.
For their unique and impressive appearance, Brabancons have become a business card of Belgium.
The rarest color of the breed is black. Breeders often raise the price because of the unusual color for the "Belgians". It is easier to acquire a bay, red, gray, savra, roan horse.
How to find out among other horses
For an inexperienced person it is difficult to distinguish Brabancon from other heavyweights. Therefore it is necessary to compare the main external features, highlighting the main features.
The first thing that catches your eye is the head. It is massive, but, in comparison with the body is small, slightly flattened. Distinctive feature - straight, flat forehead. This is especially noticeable in the profile.
Lips are plump, wide nostrils. The neck is short, but strong and voluminous. Eyes expressive.
When comparing with other heavyweights, it is noticeable that the front part of the body and the chest of the Brabancons are more massive.
Initially, the Belgian horses still had a flaw - sagging loins. Later breeders corrected the flaw.
The most visible difference is the tendon, dry, muscular legs. Above the hoof there are thick “brushes”. Hooves noticeable, large.
Character of the Belgian Brabancon
The nature of the Belgian Brabancons belongs to the benefits. Horses arrogant, calm. Easily carry out orders. Breeders claim that one team is enough for a calm, conversational tone.
Stallions are picky. They do not need much attention. Representatives of the breed are not characterized by tenderness. This is due to the conditions of breeding and nurturing.
Due to the calm nature of the pets, the owners often give them "gentle" nicknames, they treat the animals affectionately. Although their heroic appearance does not always have to this.
What areas do horses use
Brabancon breed horses are mainly used in agriculture. Endurance and strength help to cope with the most difficult work. The horse is able to withstand all day working with the owner. Labor productivity is practically not reduced until the very last days of the life of the Belgian heavyweights.
Bogatyr stallions are of particular importance in sawmill farms. It is difficult to find another breed that can drag off 5 quintals of wood. Work in the forest is often transferred by "inheritance". The son of a stallion who has helped his whole life at the sawmill will also serve. You can meet the "Belgians" in the forests of Belgium, France, Holland and Germany.
Brabancon performances at exhibitions is a frequent occurrence. Representatives of the breed occupy the first place due to the positive qualities, beauty, endurance, mind.
Stallions are used to improve the qualities of other breeds by crossing. Shire - the largest horse, have the blood of the Belgian heavyweights.
Appearance attracts, creates a feeling of power and majesty. Therefore, Brabancons are frequent participants in carnivals, marches, processions.
Information for breeders
Belgian Brabancons have more advantages than disadvantages. Of the negative qualities mark only low speed.
Advantages should be described in detail.
It was hard work, endurance, physical strength that made the breed popular. This is one of the main advantages of these horses.
The colts are growing rapidly, already in two years they are ready for various kinds of physical labor. They quickly wean from milk.
Belgian Brabancons are long-lived. The stallion has pleased the host for more than twenty years. Until the last days of the horse are able to perform heavy work.
Calm nature, good mental abilities.
Conscientious breeders seriously monitor the purity of blood and the absence of defects in stallions and females. Therefore, the probability of deviations in horses is low.
When crossed with other breeds can improve their quality.
Mares are able to work during pregnancy on a par with others.
Fertility: previously, mares were already mated after 9-10 days after giving birth. Now breeders are more humane. But the ability of horses to bear a large number of offspring remained.
How to care and feed
Any animal requires care and attention. The Belgian Brabancons are unpretentious. However, you must follow some rules of care and feeding.
Already from 35 days old, the foals wean their mother’s milk and train them to oats and bran.
The minimum size of the stable is 4 by 4 meters. This is enough for the content of one hero.
Grazing is done in a large spacious area.
Cleaning on a regular basis and adequate ventilation is a prerequisite for maintenance.
It is desirable to provide a normal temperature of 18-20 degrees of heat, sufficient protection from the wind. But horses are able to withstand harsh weather conditions.
For a normal weight gain, it is important to provide a Belgian horse high-calorie diet. Rough feed is given in the amount of 6 kilograms per day, oats - 6-8 kilograms, rye straw - 0.5 kilograms, flaxseed - 0.5 kilograms.
Grazing fields are thick. In this case, there will be no need for additional feeding.
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