A detailed description of Hungarian mangalica piglets of the breed and the rules of their maintenance are always an interesting topic for pig breeders. These animals were bred in Hungary by mixing domestic and wild pigs. They can not be confused with another breed, because their distinctive feature is thick curly wool. Thanks to her, they can survive even in harsh weather conditions. Braziers are very unpretentious, so do not cause difficulties to farmers.
Piglets braziers are born striped with a woolen cover. It is not the same as in adults, but longer than in other breeds. Therefore, it is difficult for them to dry by themselves. Animals should be immediately wiped with a dry soft cloth, then put under the lamp for warming. Otherwise they may catch a cold. The sow is very responsible for their offspring and tries to protect it from the cold. Parents are pressed to each other, and in the middle they are pushing babies so that the pigs do not freeze.
According to the characteristics of the breed, the coat color in animals appears 1.5-2 weeks after birth. He is white, black, red and mixed. Today the most common Hungarian piglets are white. The population of the mixed subspecies decreases every year.
Animals have a small head and ears hanging forward. The back is massive and slightly rounded, and the croup is oblique. Since childhood, piglets have strong legs, so they can easily walk along mountain pastures with the rest of the herd. A distinctive feature of the breed is mangalitsa curly wool. By winter, it becomes more dense, and thins out in spring.
How many pigs weigh and what hurts
Baby weight at birth is about 800 g. Until the month he eats mother's milk, so growing very quickly. A healthy brazier weighs about 9 kg per month, about 3 kg at 3 months, 70 kg at half a year, about 110 kg at 10 months.
Improper maintenance and feeding of Hungarian mangalica piglets affects their health. If you use too much dry food, a peptic ulcer may begin.
The piglets will have poor appetite and digestive upset will begin. Content in a cold barn threatens with bronchitis, which is characterized by a strong rhinitis and fever. In a few days after birth, anemia may begin in babies due to low hemoglobin levels. To eliminate this disease, you need to enter into the diet of crushed grain, hay, vitamin supplements.
Basic rules for growing pigs
Curly braziers are very unpretentious. Thick wool allows piglets to be quietly in the bitter cold and the sultry heat. However, to obtain valuable dietary meat for growing livestock, you need to follow several rules:
- babies should have constant access to clean fresh water;
- do not overfeed animals, otherwise serious health problems may begin;
- It is not recommended to use special growth stimulants;
- in the diet of pigs need to include vegetables, fruits, fresh grass and hay;
- the stable should be clean, dry and free from drafts;
- the room can not be warmed, if the weather is not colder than 6 degrees, but you need to lay a deep litter.
Furry piglets from birth have good immunity. They do not need to be vaccinated against diseases and use antibiotics for treatment. Twice a year should be given antihelmintic drugs. Also requires prevention against lice, who like to settle in curly babies.
In newborn animals, the canines are trimmed so that they do not damage the nipples of the sow during feeding.
Feeding from 1.5 to 4 months
Hairy braziers suck sow up to 1.5 months. This period should not be missed, because mothers give babies all the necessary vitamins and trace elements through the milk, which allows them to grow up healthy and strong.
Already on day 4, you need to feed newborns with a liquid mash. 1 part of toasted oatmeal is combined with 3 parts of hot boiled water. The ingredients are mixed and after 30 minutes, filter through a sieve. On the day, two-week-old piglets need 25 ml of talker, 3 weeks old - 40 ml, 4 weeks old - 100 ml.
Also curly piglets give oat milk. For its preparation, 3 parts of warm boiled water are mixed with 1 part of oatmeal, and then infused for 3 hours. Such milk needs to be prepared for one portion, because it quickly sours.
After the end of the dairy period, animals are fed with compound feed. You can buy it at pet stores or make it yourself. To do this, mix an equal amount of corn, chalk, wheat, bran, barley, makuhi. In addition, the feed should be added chalk, bone meal, clay, which are sources of minerals.
How to feed after 4 months
After 4 months, piglets of Hungarian brazier breed feed the same way as adult pigs. In the summer the young are driven out to pasture so that the animals can eat plenty of fresh grass. At this time of year, it makes up most of their diet.
In winter, piglets are fed with hay and mixed fodder, wet foods: carrots, beets, potatoes. Vegetables should be finely chopped and fresh.
In the summer, the wool pig eats fruits, bark and shoots, chestnuts that have fallen from the trees with pleasure. As a protein supplement use fish products: small fish, heads, entrails. The product is pre-boiled and gives a maximum of 2 kg per head per day. Pumpkin, which contains protein, ascorbic acid, carotene, will help to improve the weights of babies. It promotes the absorption of roughage by the piglets.
Two types of feeding are usually practiced: free and portioned. In the first case, food is constantly in the feeders, which is eaten by a pig throughout the day. This technique contributes to the accelerated cultivation. With batch feeding, the daily volume of food is divided into 4 servings and given to the animal at regular intervals.
Types of Curly Pigs
Hungarian piglet can live peacefully in adverse weather conditions. Practiced indoor, open and mixed type of content of these animals. In the first case, babies are kept all year round in a barn. They do not go out to pasture, so they quickly gain weight and are at risk of becoming obese. In addition, due to the greenhouse conditions, they can lose their curly wool.
We also allow an open type of keeping young stock of this breed. Pigs are constantly on the street and can hide from the weather in special pens. However, tolerance of severe weather is genetically laid in mangal, so they prefer to be on the street even in heavy rain or snow.
Animals need a bed of straw on which they can sleep. In good weather, the litter needs to be changed once a week. If it is cold outside and constantly raining, straw is renewed more often. In winter, piglets need a stack of straw or snow.
Representatives of the breed also suitable mixed type of content. In this case, in the summer, they are constantly on the pasture with the herd and feed on fresh grass, while they spend the winter indoors. This option is most suitable for sows.
More information in the article "Hungarian mangalitsa: description and characteristics of the breed."
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